1st Edition

Languages and Publics The Making of Authority

By Susan Gal, Kathryn Woolard Copyright 2001
    192 Pages
    by Routledge

    192 Pages
    by Routledge

    The essays in this collection examine the public construction of languages, the linguistic construction of publics, and the relationship between these two processes. Cultural categories such as named languages, linguistic standards and genres are the products of expert knowledge as well as of linguistic ideologies more widely shared among speakers. Translation, grammars and dictionaries, the policing of correctness, folklore collections and linguistic academies are all part of the work that produces not only languages but also social groups and spheres of action such as "the public". Such representational processes are the topic of inquiry in this voume. They are explored as crucial aspects of power, figuring among the means for establishing inequality, imposing social hierarchy, and mobilizing political action.

    Contributions to this volume investigate two related questions: first, how different images of linguistic phenomena gain social credibility and political influence; and, secondly, the role of linguistic ideology and practices in the making of political authority. Using both historical and ethnographic approaches, they examine empirical cases ranging from small-scale societies to multi-ethnic empire, from nineteenth-century linguistic theories to contemporary mass media, and from Europe to Oceania to the Americas.

    Contributors include Susan Gal, Kathryn Woolard, Judith Irvine, Richard Bauman, Michael Silverstein, Jane Hill, Joseph Errington, Bambi Schieffelin, Jacqueline Urla and Ben Lee.

    Chapter 1 Constructing Languages and Publics Authority and Representation, Susan Gal, Kathryn A. Woolard; Chapter 2 The Family Romance of Colonial Linguistics, Judith T. Irvine; Chapter 3 Linguistic Theories and National Images in Nineteenth-Century Hungary 1 Many thanks to Kit Woolard for her stimulating questions, and to Bill Hanks for his comments at the AAA symposium., Susan Gal; Chapter 4 Representing Native American Oral Narrative, Richard Bauman; Chapter 5 From the Meaning of Meaning to the Empires of the Mind Ogden’s Orthological English 1 I thank Michael Locher for his help as my research assistant during the initial period of bibliographic search and gathering of materials on Ogden and Richards, tasks he carried out with distinction., Michael Silverstein; Chapter 6 Mock Spanish, Covert Racism, and the (Leaky) Boundary between Public and Private Spheres, Jane H. Hill; Chapter 7 State Speech for Peripheral Publics in Java, Joseph Errington; Chapter 8 Creating Evidence, Bambi B. Schieffelin; Chapter 9 Outlaw Language, Jacqueline Urla; Chapter 10 Circulating the People, Benjamin Lee;


    Susan Gal, Kathryn A. Woolard

    This volume constitutes an important stimulus for further research in the domain of public spheres, linguistic ideologies, and colonial and postcolonial studies, and exemplifies a very sophisticated research agenda that is indespensable to all those interested in practices, agency, social change, and ideologically mediated construction of local and translocal sociopolitical arenas. (Lukas Tsitsipis, Language in Society)