Laser Safety Management: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Laser Safety Management

1st Edition

By Ken Barat

CRC Press

296 pages | 23 Color Illus.

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Hardback: 9780824723071
pub: 2006-02-22
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Description

An effective laser safety program can mean big savings in time, money, effort, and most importantly, human well-being. It can improve the quality of your research program, your organization's reputation, and ultimately, improve your bottom line. Based on the extensive experience of active Laser Safety Officer Kenneth Barat, Laser Safety Management provides practical tools for successfully implementing a laser safety program in any environment.

The book defines the three elements of laser safety: users, the laser safety officer, and incidental personnel. It covers the types of laser injuries, standard operating procedures to ensure safety, tips and tools to avoid pitfalls, training, control measures, and personal protection equipment. The author explores the laser safety officer position and delineates the required elements of effective SOPs. He also discusses non-beam hazards, includes practical control examples and sample forms, and covers U.S. and European regulations and standards.

Taking a pedagogical approach, the book covers not only how to avoid accidents, but how to investigate them if they do occur. It includes a sample safety program designed to evaluate your current safety plan and act as a roadmap for where you need to be and how to get there. Filled with common sense solutions for laser safety issues, the book makes setting up a safety program practically painless.

Table of Contents

OVERVIEW

Traditional Laser Safety

Life Cycle

Additional Life Cycle Elements

Classification

Responsibilities

Probabilistic Risk Assessment

BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS: WHY WE CARE ABOUT LASER EXPOSURE

Introduction

The Eye

Signs of Eye Exposure

Damage Mechanisms

Laser Radiation Effects on Skin

Tissue Optics

THE LASER SAFETY OFFICER: THE KEY TO LASER SAFETY

The effective LSO Gets Out and Walks Laser Use Space

Laser Safety Committee

Inventory

Training

Signs

Warning Lights

Audits

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES: A BINDING SAFETY CONTRACT

Introduction

SOP Flow

Sample Format

Follow-Up to the SOP

Laser Control Boilerplates

Sample Laser SOP1

Laser and Laser System SOP Guidelines

PRACTICAL TOOLS FOR LASER SAFETY AND TRAPS TO AVOID

Introduction

The Laser Safety "Tool Box" Wish List

Transition Zone Between the LSO and Laser System Users

Laser Safety Traps

THE LASER-SAFETY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

Introduction

Benefits of the Laser-Safety Management Program

File Structure

Institutional Binder Sections

Institutional Binders

Sample Forms

LASER SAFETY TRAINING

User Training

Awareness Training

On-the-Job Safety Training

Exploring Training Options

New Training Suggestion: A Laser Lessons Learned Class

Refresher Training

Laser Quizzes

The Training Matrix

Laser Pointer Awareness

PERSONNEL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT

Introduction

Full Attenuation

Visual Light Transmission

Comfort and Fit

Damage Threshold Considerations

Prescriptions

Sensor Card Use

Weight

Labeling

Ultrafast Lasers

Additional Considerations

Partial Attenuation (Alignment Eyewear)

Additional PPE

LASER ACCIDENTS

Introduction

Alignment Activities

Failure to Wear Protective Eyewear

Electrical Hazards Overlooked

Additional Hazards and Solutions

Improper Restoration of Lasers after Servicing

Lack of Planning

Wearing the Wrong Eyewear and Improper Fit

Fatigue and Stress

Workplace Culture

To Whom Are These Accidents Happening?

The Perceived Incident

Accident Investigation

Written Report: Not Finished Until the Paperwork Is Done

Why Should Recommendations Be Made?

What Should Be Done if the Investigation Reveals Human Error?

Not Every Laser Accident Involves an Eye or Skin Injury

Typical Laser Pointer Incidents

Guidance for Laser Pointer Use

Examples of Laser Accidents

Laser Accident Action Plan

Medical Facility

Can Laser Accidents Be Prevented?

AN EXPLANATION OF CONTROL MEASURES

Administrative Controls

For the Institution

Research Lab Administrative Controls

Engineering Controls

Engineering Control Measures

U.S. AND EUROPEAN REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

Introduction

User Regulations

State Regulations

User Standards

Manufacturer Regulations

British Regulations and Standards

LASER SAFETY CALCULATIONS

Introduction

Converting between Irradiance and Radiant Exposure

Optical Density

Choosing Exposure Duration Times

NONBEAM HAZARDS

Introduction

Electrical Hazards

Physical Hazards

Chemical Hazards

Fire Hazards

Ergonomics and Human Factors

Seismic Safety

Area Illumination

Mechanical Hazards

Supplemental Electrical Safety Section

PRACTICAL CONTROL MEASURES

Web Resources

LASER BASICS

Introduction

What is a Laser?

Laser Theory and Operation

Components of a Laser

Types of Lasers

Glossary

Index

About the Originator

Author

Ken Barat

Maricopa, AZ, United States

Learn more about Ken Barat >>

About the Series

Optical Science and Engineering

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Engineering (General)
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics