1st Edition

Laser-based Technologies for Sustainable Manufacturing

Edited By Avinash Kumar, Ashwani Kumar, Abhishek Kumar Copyright 2023
    270 Pages 56 Color & 36 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    270 Pages 56 Color & 36 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book provides scientific and technological insights on novel techniques of design and manufacturing using laser technologies. It showcases applications of laser micromachining in the biomedical industry, laser-based manufacturing processes in aerospace engineering, and high-precision laser-cutting in the home appliance sector.


    • Each chapter discusses a specific engineering problem and showcases its numerical, and experimental solution
    • Provides scientific and technological insights on novel routes of design and manufacturing using laser technologies
    • Synergizes exploration related to the various properties and functionalities through extensive theoretical and numerical modeling
    • Highlights current issues, developments, and constraints in additive manufacturing
    • Discusses applications of laser cutting machines in the manufacturing industry and laser micromachining for the biomedical industry

    The text discusses optical, and laser-based green manufacturing technologies and their application in diverse engineering fields including mechanical, electrical, biomedical, and computer. It further covers sustainability issues in laser-based manufacturing technologies and the development of laser-based ultra-precision manufacturing techniques. The text also discusses the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in laser-based manufacturing techniques. It will serve as an ideal reference text for senior undergraduate, graduate students, and researchers in fields including mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, manufacturing engineering, and production engineering.

    Chapter 01: Introduction to Optics and Laser Based Manufacturing Technologies
    Dr. Francis Luther King, Ashwani Kumar, Avinash kumar, Abhishek Kumar

    Chapter 02: Physics of Laser-Matter interaction in Laser Based Manufacturing
    Abhishek Kumar, Aayush Pathak, Avinash Kumar, Ashwani Kumar

    Chapter 03: Current Issues, Developments and Constraints in Additive Manufacturing
    Sushma Katti, V. S. Patil, G. H. Pujar, Amith Yadav H.J., M. N. Kalasad

    Chapter 04: Laser-Based Additive Manufacturing
    Prameet Vats, Kishor Kumar Gajrani, Avinash Kumar

    Chapter 05: Prospects of AI, ML in Laser Based Manufacturing Technologies
    Khaja Mohiddin Shaik, Yalavarthi Suresh Babu, Sanjay Gandhi Gundabatini, Vedantham Ramachandran

    Chapter 06: Application of Laser Technology in the Mechanical and Machine Manufacturing Industry
    Aayush Pathak, Abhishek Kumar, Avinash Kumar, Ashwani Kumar, Francis Luther King M

    Chapter 07: Application of Laser Based Manufacturing processes for Aerospace Applications
    Aditya Purohit, Brij Mohan Sharma, Tapas Bajpai, Pankaj Kumar Gupta

    Chapter 08: Application of Laser Micromachining for Biomedical Industry
    Avinash Kumar, Mohit Byadwal, Abhishek Kumar, Ashwani Kumar, Francis Luther King M

    Chapter 09: The Effect of Laser Surface Processing on Atmospheric Plasma Sprayed High Entropy Alloy Coatings
    Himanshu Kumar , S.G.K. Manikandan, M. Kamaraj, S. Shiva

    Chapter 10: Laser Processing Technologies in Electronics and MEMS Packaging for Advancement of Industry 4.0
    Payal Bansal, Kalpit Jain, Chetan Dudhagara


    Dr. Avinash Kumar is currently working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing (IIITD&M) Kancheepuram, Chennai (An Institute of National Importance under Ministry of Education, Government of India). He is Visiting Research Professor, Stanford University California, USA. His research interests include Micro/Nanofabrication, Laser Machining, and Surface Engineering for Micro-fludics and MEMS/Micro/Bio-devices. He have published more than 10 international journals, 4 chapters and 7 international conference papers. His google scholar ID is eiJdMdoAAAAJ, ORCID ID is 0000-0002-8071-5748, Scopus ID is 56564412000 and Web of Science Researcher ID is P-6124-2018. He is a reviewer in ASME Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Journal of Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Journal of Physics of Fluids, and many more. He worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur until 2019. His post-PhD research experience includes Early Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. He also worked as Assistant Professor (TEQIP faculty) in a World Bank and MHRD-(Government of India) project (NPIU) for a semester (2018) at THDC-Institute of Hydropower Engineering & Technology Tehri (Uttarakhand). He obtained his PhD from the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi in 2018. He received his Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering from Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal in 2010 and M. Tech degree in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India in 2012. He was Research Associate at the Bio-MEMS and Micro-fluidics Laboratory, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India, from August 2012 to November 2012. He worked as Research Associate with Prof. G. K. Ananthsuresh and Prof. Ashitava Ghoshal in Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber Physical system, Mechanical Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore for a year (2013).He qualified Indian Engineering Services in 2010. He qualify GATE-2010 with 98.20 % in 2010. His PhD thesis was nominated for best thesis award by the foreign and Indian examiner. He was selected in India-Sri Lanka youth exchange program 2017, organized by the Ministry of youth affairs and sports, Government of India. He was awarded DST-International Travel Fellowship in 2018 to visit Hawaii, USA. He is currently working on the various research projects by CSIR and DST-GOI. He have coordinated and organised many conferences and workshops at IIITDM Kanchipuram-Chennai, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur and AIIMS Delhi.He has delivered many talks in Webinars, Faculty Development Programs and workshops in the institute like (a) B. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, Vandalur, Chennai in association with Tamilnadu State Council for Science and Technology, Chennai, (b) Sathyabama Institute of Science & Technology, Chennai, (c) SRM University Chennai and VIT Chennai. He have examined many M.Tech. and Ph.D. students at SRM University Chennai. He have guided more than 10 B.Tech., M.Tech. and Ph.D. students for their thesis.

    Dr. Ashwani Kumar received Ph.D. (Mechanical Engineering) in the area of Mechanical Vibration and Design.  He is currently working as Senior Lecturer, Mechanical Engineering (Gazetted Officer Group B) at Technical Education Department, Uttar Pradesh (Under Government of Uttar Pradesh) Kanpur, India since December 2013. He has worked as Assistant Professor in Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era University Dehradun India from July 2010 to November 2013. He has more than twelve years of research and academic experience in mechanical and materials engineering. He is Series Editor of book series “Advances in Manufacturing, Design and Computational Intelligence Techniques” and “Renewable and Sustainable Energy Developments” published by CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, USA. He is Editor-in-Chief for International Journal of Materials, Manufacturing and Sustainable Technologies (IJMMST) and Associate Editor for International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences (IJMEMS) Indexed in ESCI/Scopus and DOAJ. He is editorial board member of 4 international journals and acts as review board member of 20 prestigious (Indexed in SCI/SCIE/Scopus) international journals with high impact factor i.e. Applied Acoustics, Measurement, JESTEC, AJSE, SV-JME, and LAJSS. In addition he has published 100+ research articles in journals, book chapters and conferences. He has authored/co-authored cum edited 22 books of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. He has published 2 patents. He is associated with International Conferences as Invited Speaker/ Advisory Board/Review Board member/Program Committee Member. He has delivered many invited talks in webinar, FDP and Workshops.  He has been awarded as Best Teacher for excellence in academic and research. He has successfully guided 12 B.Tech., M.Tech and Ph.D. thesis.In administration he is working as coordinator for AICTE, E.O.A., Nodal officer for PMKVY-TI Scheme (Government of India) and internal coordinator for CDTP scheme (Government of Uttar Pradesh). He is currently involved in the research area of AI & ML in Mechanical Engineering, Advanced Materials & Manufacturing Techniques, Building Efficiency, Renewable Energy Harvesting, Heavy Vehicle Dynamics and Sustainable Transportation.
    Abhishek Kumar is currently working as Ph.D. Scholar in Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Merced, U.S.A. from January 2021. He has received his M.Tech in Design Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India in 2016. He received his Bachelor of Engineering degree with honors in Mechanical Engineering from Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal in 2014. He has worked as Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Jabalpur Engineering College Jabalpur M.P. India from January 2018- December 2020. He has worked as summer visiting researcher at Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur from June 2018- July 2018. He has previously worked as an Assistant Professor at Galgotias University, Greater Noida (U.P.) from Sept. 2017 – Dec. 2017, and Parul University, Vadodara (Gujarat) from June 2016 – Sept. 2017.He qualified GATE-2014 with 99.25 percentile in 2014. His M.Tech. thesis was based on the investigation of nano-wear in Mg-based composites in collaboration with NUS Singapore. He is a Certified Peer Reviewer for Elsevier and has successfully reviewed more than 15 journal papers. He has been recognized as the Outstanding Reviewer by the Journal of Magnesium and Alloys (11.90 impact factor) due to his extraordinary contributions to the journal. He is currently involved in the research which involves Tribology, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Material Characterization, Mechanical Testing, Mechanical Properties, Microstructure, Nanomaterials, Material Characteristics, Materials and Materials Processing. He has published 6 research articles in international journals of high impact factors.