1st Edition

Last Lectures on the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide

Edited By Samuel Totten Copyright 2018
    348 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    348 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Last Lectures on the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide is a collection of hypothetical ‘last lectures’ by some of the top scholars and practitioners across the globe in the fields of human rights and genocide studies. Each lecture purportedly constitutes the last thing the author will ever say about the prevention and intervention of genocide.

    The contributions to this volume are thought-provoking, engaging, and at times controversial, reflecting the scholars’ most advanced thinking about issues of human rights and genocide.

    This book will be of great interest to professors, researchers, and students of political science, international relations, psychology, sociology, history, human rights, and genocide studies.

    Foreword: Ervin Staub, Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    Introduction: Samuel Totten

    I. Fundamental Concerns

    A. Humanity’s Responsibility

    1. "Using Norms, Knowledge, and Narratives for the Prevention of Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide" by Johanna Ray Vollhardt (Associate Professor Department of Psychology, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts)

    2. "To Act or Not to Act Immediately? Is There Really a Question?" by Agnieszka Bieńczyk-Missala (Assistant Professor, Institute of International Relations, University of Warsaw, Poland)

    3. "Between Empathy and Fear: Recalibrating Incentives for Atrocity Prevention" by Eyal Mayroz (Lecturer, Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia)

    4. "When Outsiders Are Threats: How to Move Beyond a Culture of Fear to a Shared Sense of Humanity" by Carla Barqueiro (Assistant Professor, School of Public and International Affairs, University of Baltimore, Maryland)

    B. Critical Factors Vis-à-vis Issues of Prevention and Intervention

    5. "Preventing Deadly Conflict" by I. William Zartman (Jacob Blaustein Distinguished Professor Emeritus, The Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University, Washington, D.C.)

    6. "The Foot Soldiers of Evil – On the Importance of Individual Perpetrators in Genocide Prevention" by Timothy Williams (Research Fellow, Centre for Conflict Studies, Marburg University, Germany)

    7. "Protection of All Peoples: Ending Double-Standards and Embracing Justice" by Stephen Zunes (Professor, Politics and International Studies, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California)

    8. "Genocide and/or Ethnic Cleansing: Recognition, Prevention and the Need for Definitional Clarity?" by Clotilde Pégorier (Lecturer, School of Law, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, United Kingdom)


    II. Lack of Political Will Is Not the Only Obstacle to Preventing Genocide

    9. "Will the World Ever Be Interested In Stopping Atrocities?" by Kurt Mills

    (Senior Lecturer, Politics, School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland)

    10. "How Three Common Misconceptions Get in the Way of Preventing Genocide"

    Lawrence Woocher (Research Director, Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C.)

    11. "When Are We All Truly Going to Get Serious?" by Samuel Totten

    (Roving Professor of Genocide Studies, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville; National University of Rwanda, Butare; Richard Stockton College of New Jersey; and Chapman University, Orange, California)

    III. Commentary on Past and Current Approaches to Prevention and Intervention

    12. "Whither Anti-Genocide Efforts? Some Personal Reflections" by Thomas G. Weiss (Presidential Professor, Department of Political Science, Graduate Center, The City University of New York)

    13. "The Final Battle" by Alex J. Bellamy (Professor, Peace and Conflict Studies, School of Political Science and International Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia)

    14. "Questioning the Turn Towards the "Responsibility to Prevent" by Aidan Hehir (Reader, Department of Politics and International Relations & Director of the Security and International Relations Programme, University of Westminister, London, England )

    15. "Why the R2P Backfires (And How to Fix It)" by Alan J. Kuperman

    (Associate Professor, LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin)

    IV. Innovations Still to Be Considered/Implemented

    16. ÒLocal Structures of Prevention and the Obligation to Prevent Genocide as an Individual RightÓ by Ekkehard Strauss (Former Human Rights Officer, the U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; University of Griffith, Queensland, Australia)

    17. "The Al Capone Strategy: Follow The Money" by Rebecca Tinsley (Journalist and Human Rights Activist, London, England)

    18. "Reducing Genocides, One Region At a Time" by Edward Kissi (Associate Professor, Department of Africana Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa)

    19. "The Time Has Come for Genocide Scholars to Innovate: The Critical Need to Develop and Implement New and Unique Tools for Prevention" by Israel W. Charny (Executive Director, Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide, Jerusalem, Israel)

    20. "Putting Moral Agency and the Precautionary Principle to Work for the Prevention of Genocide and Its Incitement" by Elihu D Richter (Associate Professor, Hadassah School of Community Medicine and Public Health, Hebrew University, and the Jerusalem Center for Genocide Prevention, Jerrusalem, Israel)

    21. "Rethinking Genocide Prevention" by Gregory H. Stanton (Research Professor, Genocide Studies and Prevention, George Mason University, Fairfax County, Virginia, and Founder and President of Genocide Watch)

    22. "Subterranean Atrocities: A Twenty-First Century Challenge for Mass Atrocity Prevention" by Charles H. Anderton (Professor of Economics and W. Arthur Garrity, Sr., Professor in Human Nature, Ethics and Society, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Massachusetts)

    23. "Using Satellites to Detect Mass Human Rights Violations: A Call for the International Community to Implement an Early Warning Detection System" by Andrew Marx (Professor, Center for Information Systems and Technology, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, California)

    V. Holding Perpetrators Responsible: No Impunity

    24. "No More Lies: Genocide Prevention through Perpetrator Accountability" by Melanie O’Brien (Postdoctoral Research Fellow, TC Beirne School of Law, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia)

    25. "Lessons Staring Us in the Face" by Linda Melvern (Researcher, Author, and Journalist, London, England)

    VI. Now What?

    26. "Resilient Societies and Atrocity Prevention" by Stephen McLoughlin (Research Fellow, The Griffith Asia Institute and the Centre for Governance and Public Policy, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia)

    27. "Whither Genocide Prevention?" by Karen E. Smith (Professor, Department of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science)

    28. "Why the (Western) Cavalry Isn’t Coming and What We Can Do About It" by

    Maureen S. Hiebert (Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada)

    29. "‘So the World May Know All’: The Importance of Education for Genocide Prevention" by Deborah Mayersen (Vice Chancellor's Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The Institute for Social Transformation Research, Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia)

    30. "All the Candidates Agreed About Darfur, and Then …." by John Hagan (John D. MacArthur Professor of Sociology and Law, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois)

    31. "What’s It Going To Take? Last Thoughts on Preventing Genocide" by John Hubbel Weiss (Associate Professor, Department of History, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York)

    32. "From the Clenched Fist to the Open Hand: A Last Lecture and First Lesson from Critical Genocide Prevention Studies" by Alexander Laban Hinton (Director of the Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights & Professor, Departments of Anthropology and Global Affairs, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey)

    33. "Genocide Structures the Very World We Live In" by Henry C. Theriault

    (Professor, Department of Philosophy, Worcester State University, Worcester, Massachusetts)

    34. "My Last Lecture: Some Central Elements of Prevention" by Ervin Staub (Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

    35. "The Withdrawal of States from the International Criminal Court: A Potential Set Back in Relation to the Prevention of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity?" by Etienne Ruvebana (Senior Lecturer, School of Law, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda)

    36. "Anti-Genocide" by Christopher Powell (Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

    37. "So Where Do We Go From Here? A View from Bosnia and Herzegovina" by Edina Bećirević (Associate Professor, Department of Security Studies, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    38. "Double Standards and the Quest for Justice" by William A. Schabas (Professor, International Law, School of Law, Middlesex University, London, England)

    39. "Making Sense of the Senseless" by Michael Barnett (University Professor of International Affairs and Political Science, Elliot School of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.)

    Afterword by Mukesh Kapila, former United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Sudan


    Samuel Totten is Professor Emeritus at the University of Arkansas, USA. In July and August 2004, he was one of 24 investigators on the US State Department’s Atrocities Documentation Project, and in 2008 he served as a Fulbright Scholar at the Centre for Conflict at the National University of Rwanda.