Late Ottoman Genocides
The dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and Young Turkish population and extermination policies
The Armenian Genocide has lately attracted a lot of attention, despite the Turkish government's attempts at denial. It has been developed into a central obstacle to Turkey's entry into the European Union. As such it attracts the highest political and public attention. What is largely ignored in the debate, however, is the fact that Armenians were not the only victims of the Young Turk's genocidal population policies. What is still largely forgotten is the murder, expulsion and deportation of other ethnic groups like Assyrians, Greeks, Kurds and Arabs by the Young Turks. This not only increases the number of victims, but also changes the perspective on the foundation of modern Turkey and as such on modern Turkish history more generally. The Thematic Issue of the JGR, the republication of which is proposed here, is the first publication, which addresses these wider issues. It contributes not only to our understanding of the Young Turks' population and extermination policies in all its complexities and so helping to bring the forgotten victims' stories "back" into genocide scholarship, but to our understanding of modern Turkey more generally. It is an indispensable tool for everybody interested in one of the great historical controversies of our time.
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Genocide Research.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Late Ottoman Genocides: The Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and Young Turkish Population and Extermination Policies Dominik J. Schaller and Jurgen Zimmerer 2. Seeing like a Nation-State: Young Turk Social Engineering in Eastern Turkey, 1913-1950 Ugur Umit Ungor 3. The 1914 Cleansing of Aegean Greeks as a case of Violent Turkification Matthias Bjornlund 4. Perception of the Other's Ill-Fate: What Greek Orthodox Refugees from the Ottoman Empire Reported about the Destruction of Ottoman Armenians Herve Georgelin 5. A Prelude to Genocide: CUP Population Policies and Provincial Insecurity, 1908-1914 Dikran M. Kaligian 6. Dissolve or Punish? The International Debate amongst Jurists and Publicists on the Consequences of the Armenian Genocide for the Ottoman Empire, 1915-1923 Daniel Marc Segesser
Dominik J. Schaller is Editor of the Journal of Genocide Research and Assistant Professor at the University of Heidelberg, Germany.
Jurgen Zimmerer is Editor of the Journal of Genocide Research. He is also Reader in International History and Director of the Centre for the Study of Genocide and Mass Violence at the University of Sheffield.
'Late Ottoman Genocides is an essential read for scholars and students of the Armenian Genocide and the late Ottoman Empire. In both composition and construction, the articles presented in this volume do serve as useful signposts for how to approach the future of the field.'
Ryan Gingeras, Lafayette College, USA