1st Edition

Latin America in Times of Turbulence Presidentialism under Stress

Edited By Mariana Llanos, Leiv Marsteintredet Copyright 2023
    240 Pages 21 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9781003324249, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

    This book accounts for and analyses the latest developments in Latin American presidential democracies, with a special focus on political institutions.

    The stellar line-up of renowned scholars of Latin American politics and institutions from Latin America, Europe, and the United States offer new insights into how democratic institutions have operated within the critical context that marked the political and social life of the region in the last few years: the eruption of popular protest and discontent, the widespread distrust of political institutions, and, of course, the COVID-19 pandemic. Combining different methodological approaches, including cross-national studies, small-N studies, case studies, and quantitative and qualitative data, the contributions cluster around three themes: the problem with fixed terms and other features of presidentialism, inter-institutional relations and executive accountability, and old and new threats to democracy in these times of turmoil. The volume concludes with an assessment of the political consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America.

    Beyond current scholars and students of comparative political scientists, Latin America in Times of Turbulence will be of great interest to a wide spectrum of readers interested in comparative systems of government, democracy studies, and Latin American politics more generally.

    1. Introduction: Latin American Presidential Democracies in Times of Turbulence

    Mariana Llanos and Leiv Marsteintredet

    2. The Limits of Presidential Impeachment: Lessons from Latin America

    Mariana Llanos and Leiv Marsteintredet

    3. Referendums about Presidential mandates: Deviations or Correctives?

    Yanina Welp and Laurence Whitehead

    4. Hyper-Presidentialism under Question: Evidence from Chile

    Christopher A. Martínez and Andrés Dockendorff

    5. The Power of the Administrative Decisions of Latin American Presidents

    Magna Inácio, Filipe Recch and Carolina Guerrero Valencia

    6. Latin American Legislatures during the Pandemic

    Manuel Alcántara, Melany Barragán and Mercedes García Montero

    7. Court–Executive Relations during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Business as Usual or Democratic Backsliding?

    Mariana Llanos and Cordula Tibi Weber

    8. Democracy, Electoral Institutions and Digital Platforms in Latin America

    Gaspard Estrada

    9. Dynasties, Double-Dealings, and Delinquencies: Some Entangled Features of Subnational Politics in Mexico

    Jacqueline Behrend and Laurence Whitehead

    10. Civil-Military Relations and Democracy in Latin America in the 2020s

    John Polga-Hecimovich

    11. Conclusion

    Leonardo Morlino, Mariana Llanos and Leiv Marsteintredet


    Mariana Llanos is Lead Research Fellow at the German Institute for Global and Area Studies and Extraordinary Professor of Democratic Institutions in the Global South at the University of Erfurt, Germany. In her research, she compares Latin American political institutions, with a particular focus on the presidency, presidential impeachments, and courts-executive relations.

    Leiv Marsteintredet is Professor at the Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen, where he also currently holds the position as Chair. Marsteintredet has mainly worked on political institutions and democracy in Latin America focusing on critical events such as coups, presidential breakdowns, and presidential impeachments.