While Latin expansion stalled in the Eastern Mediterranean in the late Middle Ages, Islam lost ground to Christendom in the west - in the Spanish Levant, the islands of the Western Mediterranean, and even on the Maghribi coast, where conquerors and colonists from the northern shore of the sea established footholds. Edited by Eleanor Congdon, with an introduction by Felipe FernÃ¡ndez-Armesto and James Muldoon, this collection of classic studies illuminates the problems of how the expansion occurred and why it was slow and limited. The volume broaches fundamental questions of Mediterranean history formulated by Henri Pirenne and Fernand Braudel. The place of the late medieval Western Mediterranean in the history of the sea as a whole and of European overseas expansion generally emerges with new clarity, as the reader re-traces the process of formation of one of the world’s great frontiers between civilizations. Important work by Maria Teresa Ferrer i Mallol appears in translation for the first time, alongside pieces by such leading authorities as David Abulafia, Robert I. Burns, S.J., Miguel Angel Ladero Quesada, and Hilmar C. Krueger.
Contents: Introduction; Bibliography; Part I The Rise of Pisa and Genoa: The Mahdia campaign of 1087, H.E.J. Cowdrey; The politics of violence and trade: Denia and Pisa in the 11th century, Travis Bruce; The routine of commerce between Genoa and North-West Africa during the late 12th century, Hilmar C. Krueger; Genoese merchants in Catalan lands, Maria Teresa Ferrer i Mallol. Part II The Coming of the Normans and the End of Islam in Italy: The occasion of the coming of the Normans to Southern Italy, John France; The end of Muslim Sicily, David S.H. Abulafia; Muslim-Christian relations in medieval southern Italy, Julie Anne Taylor. Part III The Conquests of the House of Barcelona: Free Moslems in the Balearics under Christian rule in the 13th century, Elena Lourie; Journey from Islam: incipient cultural transition in the conquered kingdom of Valencia (1240-1280), R. Ignatius Burns; Social riots on the Christian-Moslem frontier (13th-century Valencia), R. Ignatius Burns. Part IV Latin Colonisation in the Maghrib: Christian-Islamic confrontation in the West: the 13th-century dream of conversion, R. Ignatius Burns; Conversion and St Louis’s last crusade, Michael Lower; The Christian community of Tunis at the time of St Louis’ crusade, AD 1270, Ronald A. Messier. Part V The Conquest of Granada: Captives, children and conversion: a case from Nasrid Granada, Manuela Marin and Rachid El Hour; Mudéjares and repobladores in the kingdom of Granada (1485-1501), Miguel-Angel Ladero Quesada; The cannon conquest of Nasrid Spain and the end of the Reconquista, Weston F. Cook Jr; Index.
The 'rise of the west' is the most familiar and most elusive topic in global history. Everyone agrees it happened. No one can say how, when, where or why, without provoking dissent. Yet the world we inhabit is, by universal acknowledgement, the outcome.
In recent years, controversy has focussed on the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries - the 'early modern period', when Western expansion became a conspicuous phenomenon in a world of colliding empires and unprecedented long-range cultural exchange. But, like most such apparently new departures in history, Western European activity in the 'expanding world' of early modernity is best understood against a background of long, sometimes faltering preparation in the Middle Ages.
Therefore, following the success of the series An Expanding World, a series of key papers on the period, published by Routledge and edited by A.J.R. Russell-Wood, Ashgate has commissioned an attempt to collect cutting-edge research on the medieval background and events of European expansion. Felipe Fernandez-Armesto and James Muldoon have gathered classic and key contributions from learned journals and other arcane publications to give readers a conspectus of knowledge, analysis and reflection on the history of the frontiers, mental horizons, internal expansion and means of growth of Latin Christendom from the eleventh to the early sixteenth centuries.