This book analyzes the promotion and protection of freedom of religion in the international arena with a particular focus on the role and influence of the US International Religious Freedom Act, 1998. It also investigates the impact of the IRFA on the legislation and policies of third countries and the EU. The book develops the story of the protection of religious freedom through foreign policy by showing how religious laws affect and shape a more communitarian dimension of the notion of freedom of religion which stands in contrast with a traditionally Western individualistic understanding of the right. It is argued that it is still possible to defend the unstable category of freedom of religion or belief especially when major violations are at stake. The book presents a balanced contribution to the academic debate on the promotion and protection of religious freedom. The comparative approach and interdisciplinary methodology make it a valuable resource for academics, students and policy-makers in Law, International Relations and Strategic Studies.
'Several governments in the West have grown committed to exporting religious freedom worldwide and have looked at the United States for inspiration. While explaining why the American model has been on the rise since the 1998 International Religious Freedom Act, Pasquale Annicchino suggests that international politics subservient to national interests are threatening the global religious conversation.'
Professor Marco Ventura, University of Siena, Italy
'Law and International Religious Freedom is a sophisticated study in how (mostly conservative) conceptions of religious liberty have been exported to Europe from the United States and are influencing the development of European church/state law. Dr. Annicchino possesses a deep knowledge of multiple legal systems which he deploys in a nuanced analysis of the dissemination of a particular conception of religious liberty in Europe by theologically conservative religions in the U.S. Appearing for the first time in English, in the midst of the U.S.’s apparent cession of global leadership following the election of President Trump, Annicchino’s examination of this phenomenon could not be more timely. Everyone concerned with the current state of religious freedom at home and abroad will want to read this book.'
Frederick M. Gedicks, Brigham Young University, USA
Part I: The United States and the International Religious Freedom Act
Chapter 1: The first freedom
Chapter 2: Background and genesis of the International Religious Freedom Act
Chapter 3: The International Religious Freedom Act
Part II: Religious Freedom in the External Relations of the European Union
Chapter 4: European Union law and religious freedom
Chapter 5: Protection and promotion of religious freedom in the external relations of the European Union
Chapter 6: Reception of the United States model in the experiences of several European countries
Part III: Religious Freedom as a Foreign Policy Instrument: Problems and Perspectives
Chapter 7: A return to the collective aspect of religious freedom? Different religious perspectives on the construction of law
Chapter 8: The impossibility of religious freedom?
The ICLARS Series on Law and Religion is designed to provide a forum for the rapidly expanding field of research in law and religion. The series is published in association with the International Consortium for Law and Religion Studies, an international network of scholars and experts of law and religion founded in 2007 with the aim of providing a place where information, data and opinions can easily be exchanged among members and made available to the broader scientific community (www.iclars.org). The series aims to become a primary source for students and scholars while presenting authors with a valuable means to reach a wide and growing readership.
The series editors are currently welcoming proposals for this new series on any matter falling under ‘law and religion’ widely defined. Collections arising from important conferences and events are welcome as well as monographs by both established names and new voices (including monographs based on doctoral dissertations). Also of interest are interdisciplinary works and studies of particular jurisdictions.