This book presents a comprehensive history of law and religion in the Nordic context.
The entwinement of law and religion in Scandinavia encompasses an unusual history, not widely known yet important for its impact on contemporary political and international relations in the region. The volume provides a holistic picture from the first written legal sources of the twelfth century to the law of the present secular welfare states. It recounts this history through biographical case studies. Taking the point of view of major influential figures in church, politics, university, and law, it thus presents the principal actors who served as catalysts in ecclesiastical and secular law through the centuries. This refreshing approach to legal history contributes to a new trend in historiography, particularly articulated by a younger generation of experienced Nordic scholars whose work is featured prominently in this volume.
The collection will be a valuable resource for academics and researchers working in the areas of Legal History and Law and Religion.
Table of Contents
Foreword by John Witte, Jr.;
Foreword: John Witte, Jr.
Introduction: Kjell Å Modéer and Helle Vogt
Part 1: The Middle Ages
- Introduction: The Middle Ages: Bertil Nilsson and Helle Vogt
- Archbishops Absalon and Anders Sunesen: Legal reforms around 1200 in Denmark: Archbishops Absalon (1128–1201) and Anders Sunesen (d. 1228): Per Andersen and Helle Vogt
- Swedish Church Law around 1300: Andreas And, Brynolf Algotsson, and Laurentius Olavi: Bertil Nilsson and Stina Sundmark
Part 2: Reformation and early modern times;
4. Introduction: Reformation and early modern times: Mia Korpiola and Heikki Pihlajamäki
5. The architect of the Danish-Norwegian reformation: Johannes Bugenhagen (1485–1558): Morten Kjær and Mattias Skat Sommer
6. Olavus Petri (1493–1552): Transplating foreigh law in reformation Sweden: Heikki Pihlajamäki
7. Archbishop Laurentius Petri (1499–1573): The respected authority of the Swedish reformation: Mia Korpiola
8. The Christian jurisprudence of Niels Hemmingsen (1513–1600): Mattias Skat Sommer and Morten Kjær
Part 3: The enlightenment – secular law in Christian societies
9. Introduction: The enlightenment: Sören Koch and Kristian Mejrup
10. Natural Law and the struggle with pietism in eighteenth-century Denmark-Norway: Ludvig Holberg (1684–1751): Sören Koch
11. Andreas Hojer (1690–1751)—the standard-bearer of Danish-Norwegian Pietism: Kristian Mejrup
Part 4. National romanticism and constitutionalism
12. Introduction: Anders Jarlert and Kjell Å Modéer
13. Shaping the Danish people’s church in the context of freedom of religion. A.S. Ørsted (1778–1860) and N.F.S. Grundtvig (1783–1872): Lisbet Christoffersen and Niels Henrik Gregersen
14. Christian legal historian and intermediary of Henric Schartau’s religious heritage: Carl Johan Schlyter (1795–1888): Kjell Å Modéer
15. The Theological Battle for Freedom of Religion in Sweden: Henrik Reuterdahl (1795–1870) and Johan Henrik Thomander (1798–1865): Alexander Maurits
16. Karl Gustaf Ehrström(1822–1886): humanity, the Christian spirit, and criminal law in Finland in the nineteenth century: Jussi Sallila
Part 5. Modernity: Secularism and positivism/legal realism
17. Introduction: Anders Jarlert and Kjell Å Modéer;
18. Absalon Taranger (1858–1930): Legal historian and church politician in Norway around 1900: Egil Morland and Torgeir Landro
19. Swedish Modernity in transition within law and Theology: Halvar G F Sundberg (1894–1973) and Gustaf Aulén (1879–1959): Anders Jarlert
20. Church leader in times of trouble: Eivind Josef Berggrav (1884–1959): Egil Morland
21. Frede Castberg (1893–1977): A counterpoint in modern Nordic legal culture: Kjell Å Modéer
22. A late-modern catalyst in Swedish ecclesiastical law: Göran Göransson (1925–1998): Kjell Å Modéer
Kjell Å Modéer is Professor Emeritus of Legal History at Lund University, Sweden.
Helle Vogt holds the Chair in Legal History at the Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.