Firmly rooted on Roman and canon law, Italian legal culture has had an impressive influence on the civil law tradition from the Middle Ages to present day, and it is rightly regarded as "the cradle of the European legal culture." Along with Justinian’s compilation, the US Constitution, and the French Civil Code, the Decretum of Master Gratian or the so-called Glossa ordinaria of Accursius are one of the few legal sources that have influenced the entire world for centuries.
This volume explores a millennium-long story of law and religion in Italy through a series of twenty-six biographical chapters written by distinguished legal scholars and historians from Italy and around the world. The chapters range from the first Italian civilians and canonists, Irnerius and Gratian in the early twelfth century, to the leading architect of the Second Vatican Council, Pope Paul VI. Between these two bookends, this volume offers notable case studies of familiar civilians like Bartolo, Baldo, and Gentili and familiar canonists like Hostiensis, Panormitanus, and Gasparri but also a number of other jurists in the broadest sense who deserve much more attention especially outside of Italy. This diversity of international and methodological perspectives gives the volume its unique character.
The book will be essential reading for academics working in the areas of Legal History, Law and Religion, and Constitutional Law and will appeal to scholars, lawyers, and students interested in the interplay between religion and law in the era of globalization.
Table of Contents
Foreword: John Witte, Jr.;
Introduction: Orazio Condorelli and Rafael Domingo.;
- Irnerius (ca. 1055 to ca. 1125);
- Gratian (late eleventh century to ca. 1145);
Atria A. Larson;
- Azo (ca. 1165 to ca. 1120) and Accursius (1182/5 to ca. 1263);
- Sinibaldo Fieschi (Pope Innocent IV) (1180/90–1254);
Kathleen G. Cushing;
- Enrico da Susa (Cardinal Hostiensis) (ca. 1200–1271);
- Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274);
Charles J. Reid Jr;
- Cino Sinibuldi da Pistoia (ca. 1265–1336);
- Giovanni d’Andrea (1270–1348);
Peter D. Clarke;
- Bartolo da Sassoferrato (1313/14–1357);
- Baldo degli Ubaldi da Perugia (1327–1400);
- Paolo di Castro (1360/62–1441);
- Niccolò Tedeschi (Panormitanus) (1386–1445);
R. H. Helmholz;
- Thomas Cajetan (1469–1534);
- Andrea Alciato (1492–1550);
- Robert Bellarmine (1542–1621);
- Alberico Gentili (1552–1608);
- Giovanni Battista De Luca (1613–1683);
- Giambattista Vico (1668–1744)
Marco Nicola Miletti
- Cesare Beccaria (1738–1794);
Maria Gigliola di Renzo Villata;
- Pietro Gasparri (1852–1934);
- Contardo Ferrini (1859–1902);
- Luigi Sturzo (1871–1959);
- Francesco Carnelutti (1879–1965);
- Alcide De Gasperi (1881–1954);
- Arturo Carlo Jemolo (1891–1981);
- Giovanni Battista Montini, Pope Paul VI (1897–1978);
Orazio Condorelli is Professor of Ecclesiastical and Canon Law in the University of Catania, Italy.
Rafael Domingo is the Spruill Family Professor of Law and Religion at Emory University in Atlanta, USA, and Alvaro d’Ors Professor of Law at the University of Navarra, Spain.