Written in accessible language, this book provides a comprehensive analysis of a topical subject that is being widely debated across Europe. The work presents an overview of emerging case law from the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union as well as from national courts and equality bodies in European countries on the wearing of religious symbols in public spaces. The author persuasively argues that bans on the wearing of religious symbols constitutes a breach of an individual’s human rights and contravenes existing anti-discrimination legislation. Fully updated to take account of recent case law, this 2nd edition has been expanded to consider bans in public spaces more generally, including employment, an area where some of the recent developments have taken place.
Introduction; 1. Key Concepts; 2. Arguments for and against bans on the wearing of religious symbols; 3. Bans on religious symbols as a breach of the human right to freedom of religion; 4. Bans on religious symbols as a breach of anti-discrimination law; 5. Justification; 6. Reasonable accommodation and equality duties; 7. Conclusion;