Lay Analysis: Life Inside the Controversy chronicles the history of nonmedical analysis in absorbing detail. It begins with the events of 1910 in Europe and America that initiated their divergent attitudes and policies regarding lay analysis, proceeds to the unfolding struggles over this issue on both sides of the Atlantic, and reviews the halting efforts of the APsaA, beginning in the 1950s, to reassess its opposition to lay analysis and make some provision for the training of nonmedical practitioners. Wallerstein's illuminating treatment of the response of American nonphysician therapists to the APsaA's policy - the manner in which they managed to obtain clinical psychoanalytic training despite the APsaA's prohibition - forms a fascinating story within his grand narrative.
The book culminates in a comprehensive review of the lawsuit of March 1985 in which four clinical psychologists, representing a stated class of several thousand colleagues and fully supported by the American Psychological Association, brought suit against the APsaA and IPA, hoping in this way to force a change in the APsaA's policies regarding the training of lay practitioners. Wallerstein, drawing on the voluminous documentation to which he had full access - memoranda, correspondence, depositions, legal briefs, and phone conversations - reviews the three-and-a-half-year history of the lawsuit. He concludes his narrative with a measured and thoughtful assessment of the impact of the settlement on psychoanalysis today: the changes it has brought about within organized psychoanalysis and the meaning of those changes for psychoanalysis as a discipline.
Given Wallerstein's comprehensive scholarship, his admirable even-handedness, and his unique participatory role in the lay analysis controversy over the course of his career, it is unsurprising that Lay Analysis: Life Inside the Controversy should achieve distinction as a major contribution to the institutional history of psychoanalysis.
"There is no one better suited to chronicle the most significant change in American psychoanalysis than Robert Wallerstein. In this remarkable work of contemporary history he describes, practically blow by blow, the story of the struggle of lay psychoanalysts to gain recognition by the psychoanalytic establishment. Wallerstein had the special advantage of being President of the IPA during the crucial period that led to the recognition of fully trained nonmedical analysts. Objectively written, this work will take its place as one of the most important books on the history of psychoanalysis."
- Joseph Sandler, M.D., Ph.D., Past President, International Psychoanalytic Association
Preface: The Conception of this Book
1. The Origins of the Question of Lay Analysis: The Development in Europe
2. The Confrontation from America and the "1938 Rule"
3. The Post-World War II Resolution of the Crisis
4. My Life into Psychoanalysis
5. Training for Research: The First Crack in the Door
6. The Four Committees of the American and the Precipitation of the Lawsuit
7. My Career in the IPA and the Filing of the Lawsuit
8. The First Year of the Lawsuit
9. The Settlement Negotiations that Failed - April to October 1986
10. Averting a Spilt: Agreement between the American and the IPA, December 1989
11. Revision of the "1938 Agreement," July 1987: The End of a Half-Century of Controversy
12. The Clash over Class Certification, October 1987 - February 1988
13. The Settlement Agreement: October 1988
14. The 1989 IPA Congress: Resolution of the Issue
15. Struggles over Implementation, 1989 - 1990
16. Further Struggles over Implementation, 1990 - 1991
17. Subsidence of the Legal Threat
18. The Story Brought to Date, 1996
19. The Meaning of the Controversy: The Identity of Psychoanalysis