Learning from the Covid-19 Pandemic : Implications for Science, Health And Healthcare book cover
1st Edition

Learning from the Covid-19 Pandemic
Implications for Science, Health And Healthcare

Edited By

RC Sobti


Aastha Sobti

  • Available for pre-order on February 28, 2023. Item will ship after March 21, 2023
ISBN 9781032416045
March 21, 2023 Forthcoming by CRC Press
304 Pages 5 Color & 59 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) first identified in Wuhan City in December 2019 spread throughout Hubei Province and other parts of China After causing significant morbidity and mortality in China, by February 2020, it had spread to numerous other countries, infecting millions people and caused a large number of deaths across the world and is therefore considered a global pandemic.

The outbreak of Covid 19 pandemic put in a burden on almost all the areas including health-care systems, education, life style, aviation throughout the world. This outbreak revealed the world's poor health system and has had a negative influence on healthcare personnel in every way. Because they came into touch with infected people on a regular basis, became more prone to COVID-19 infection than the general population. The virus is able to attack not only the respiratory tract, but almost all the organs including brain. Impacts on gut biota have also been noticed. This caused both morbidity and mortality in humans without any geographical, cultural, religious barriers. The emergence of new variants due to mutations in the virus has aggravated the problem. Whereas delta variant brought in second wave was very disastrous killing a large number of people due to various factors such as lowering of saturated oxygen in blood and other physiological emergencies. The omicron variant has proved to be less lethal. Though the pandemic has subsided, the emergence of sub variants BA1 and BA2 and now their hybrid have started giving horror feelings in many countries. The increase in the number of cases at exponential level has forced many states in China to impose lockdown. As the conditions laid down to combat the pandemic have been relaxed, and movements from one part of the globe to the other have started, the virus may reach other countries and the make people to suffer with pandemic forcing those countries to resort to lockdown again.

Covid 19 sparked the minds of scientific community to make all out efforts to delineate the structure and functions and its mechanistic approach to cause disease in humans. Besides, attempts to develop new drugs, they made sincere efforts to repurpose the available drugs to be used against the virus and develop a series of vaccines in a shortest period, not possible in the normal times. The mild effect of omicron might have been due to the extensive vaccination programmes carried out in various countries. There is, however genuine fear that the new emerging variants may evade the immune system and cause damage to the body.

The rapidly growing demand on health facilities and health care employees threatened to overburden some health systems and render them unable to function properly. This had a direct impact on health care professionals. All the energies in the nations world over focused on controlling the transmission and curtailing morbidity and mortality due to the pandemic. Despite all the complexities and hardships that health care employees faced, they continued to put in their best efforts in serving the community and society at a large.

The present book highlights the impact of covid 19on science, health and health care system. The chapters included in the volume are hard work of dedicated experts in the field. These include the description of insight of the evolution, structure and mode of infection as well as strategies to attack various organs in the body. A separate chapter explains the emergence of various strains of virus. The preparedness of hospitals and health care workers as well as different agencies such as DRDO to face the challenges posed by virus have also been discussed. The way scientists and technologists developed new techniques to detect and control the virus have also been highlighted. It also includes the chapter on the development of vaccines to control the pandemic.

This book will be compendium for students,teachers,medical personnel, administrators and public as whole.

Table of Contents

Preface. Author Biography. 1. Corona Virus (COVID-19) Pandemics And Its Multiple Impacts On Health, Education And Economy 2. Lessons Learnt From COVID 19- Health, Education And Environment 3. Science And Research During Pandemic: COVID-19 4. Molecular Biology Lessons Learnt From The Spiky Intruder 5. The Mystery Virus, Sars-cov-2 And Its Dynamics 6. The Molecular Biology Of Sars-cov-2 And Its Evolving Variants 7. COVID 19: Pathology, Clinical Implications And Prevention 8. COVID-19 And Comorbidities 9. Immunology Of COVID-19 10. Extrapulmonary Manifestations: 'After-effects' Of COVID-19 Post Recovery 11. Update Of COVID 19 Treatments 12. Combating Corona Virus Sars-cov-2: Vaccination Strategies 13. Preclinical Safety Assessment Of Vaccines Developed Against Sars-cov-2 Or COVID-19: Recent Updates 14. Mucormycosis In COVID-19 Patients 15. Mucormycosis - An Emerging Opportunistic Infection In The Post-COVID Era 16.COVID-19: Role Of DRDO In Its Containment Through Technology 17. Food And Nutrition Security As Preventive And Therapeutic Healthcare: Now And Beyond COVID-19 Pandemic 18. Potential Role Of Natural Essential Oils In The Management Of Respiratory Distress In Patients Infected With Sars- Cov 2: An Overview 19. Focusing On Traditional Herbal Medicines To Accelerate Research In Biomedical Sciences In The Era Of COVID-19 20. Role Of Physiotherapy In COVID-19 Pandemic 21. India’s Healthcare Scenario During Year 2020 22. Healthcare In COVID-19 Era Healthcare In COVID-19 Era 23. Role Of The World Health Organisation In Combating The COVID-19 Pandemic 24. Environmental Safeguards In Running A Level 3 COVID 19 Facility: The SGPGIMS Way.

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Ranbir Chander Sobti is a Former Education Consultant Governor of Bihar, Senior Scientist (Indian National Science Academy), Former Vice Chancellor, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow (UP) and Panjab University, Chandigarh. Professor R.C. Sobti starting his career as an Animal (including human) Cytogeneticist characterized the karyotypes of animals of groups from protozoa to human. He also looked into the mutagenicity /carcinogenicity of environment pollutants both in in vivo and in vitro settings. He then moved on to explore the developments in the molecular biology of diseases. He has proactively been involved in cancer biology and focused on finding out novel tumour markers for cancer detection. He has evaluated the role of gene polymorphisms and their expression in the genesis of various cancers and also in COPD, AIDS and metabolic syndrome. He has identified disease susceptible /protective novel genotypes and determined the crucial role of SACS-1 and STAT genes in the genesis of cervical and prostate cancers.

His immense contribution to science includes, inter alia, 350 plus high impact research publications with more than 50 books and 23 Sponsored Research Projects. He has also tried to develop whole organ by tissue/organ culture through custom designed de-cellularization protocol. He has demonstrated that the regulation of stem cell character under in vitro conditions is a function of morphological assortment of Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLNC)- an observation that has marked significance in the field of stem cell research. At the moment he is involved in meta data analysis for organ dysfunctioning to investigate underlining molecular mechanism: ML approach.

Professor Sobti is a Fellow of the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), National Academy of Sciences, Indian National Science Academy, National Academies of Medical Sciences and Agricultural Sciences and of the Canadian Academy of Cardiovascular Diseases. He is also associated with many other Academic Associations and Institutions in the domain of higher education and research. The litany of honours showered on him includes, among others, the INSA Young Scientist Medal (1978), UGC Career Research Award, Punjab Rattan Award, JC Bose Oration Award and the Life Time Achievement Award of the Punjab Academy of Sciences, Zoological Society of India, and the Environment academy of India, besides many other medals & awards of various reputed National and International Organizations. He was bestowed with Padmashri award by the Government of India in 2009

He has delivered numerous keynote addresses at reputed National and International forums, based on implications and applications of science and scientific temper for general awareness and improvements of everyday life and lifestyle in a lucid and people-centric manner.

Aastha Sobti is currently carrying out research at the Department of Immunotechnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, under Can Faster, Marie Sklodowska-Curie COFUND programme. She has a background in dental sciences and did a specialization in master’s in Clinical Dentistry (Oral surgery) from Eastman College, UCL, London. Her core interests are head and neck cancer-based clinical research. In entirety aiding in the field to bring reforms that are required in the present multifarious surgical as well as translational research areas. She has teaching and research experience of about 8 years and published a few papers in international journals of repute. She is a recipient of a large number of prizes and medals for her exceptional work namely the academic certificate of excellence from BAOS, UK and IADR Hatton award (India). Additionally, she has attended and presented papers in international conferences in Hong Kong, Croatia, Brazil, Sweden, UK, Japan, and other countries.