1st Edition

Learning to Write First Language/Second Language

    First published in 1983. The present volume holds the selected papers of a symposium on CCTE Conference, held in 1979 in Ottawa, Canada. The content provides an introduction and a review of major themes in Writing research and pedagogy. This is in part achieved by the papers themselves, and in part by the introductions the Editors offer to each of the four Parts. Second, the reader is continually presented with a characteristic applied linguistic interplay of research and practice, each affecting the other, in a mutual and interactive manner. Third, the issues of 'Writing as Product versus Writing as Process', or 'The Teaching of Writing Skills versus the Development of Writing Abilities' or 'The Use of Writing for Learning and Knowing' are not merely issues affecting Writing alone but language learning and teaching as a whole, and one might add, the entire process of education.







    Part One: The writing process: three orientations

     1. Shaping at the point of utterance James Britton

     2. Does learning to write have to be so difficult? Carl Bereitter and Marlene Scardamalia

     3. New starts and different kids of failure H. G. Widdowson


    Part Two: The development of writing abilities

     4. The growth and development of first-grade writers Donald H. Graves

     5. Assessing language development: the Crediton project Andrew Wilkinson

     6. Toward a theory of development rhetoric Daniel R. Kirby and Kenneth J. Kantor

     7. Redefining maturity in writing Lee Odell


    Part Three: Text and discourse

     8. A pluralistic synthesis fo four contemporary models for teaching composition James L. Kinneavy

     9. Contrastive rhetorics: some implications for the writing process Robert B. Kaplan

    10. Syntactic skill and ESL writing quality Patrick T. Kameen

    11. The reliability of mean T-unit length: some questions for research in written composition Stephen P. Witte


    Part Four: Implications for teaching

    12. Writers and their writing, 15 to 17 Bruce Bennett

    13. Scope for intentions Nancy Martin

    14. Writing in response to literature John Dixon

    15. Instructional focus and the teaching of writing James R. Squire

    16. From classroom practice into psycholinguistic theory W. Ross Winterowd

    17. Communicative writing practice and Aristotelian rhetoric Keith Johnson

    18. Anguish as a second language? Remedies for composition teachers Ann Raimes







    Edited by Aviva Freedman, Ian Pringle, Janice Yalden