Liberalisms, a work first published in 1991, provides a coherent and comprehensive analytical guide to liberal thinking over the past century and considers the dominance of liberal thought in Anglo-American political philosophy over the past 20 years. John Gray assesses the work of all the major liberal political philosophers including J. S. Mill, Herbert Spencer, Karl Popper, F. A Hayek, John Rawls and Robert Nozick, and explores their mutual connections and differences.
This is a stimulating and provocative book … which makes a significant contribution to current debates about both liberalism and the nature of political philosophy’ – Political Studies
1. J. S. Mill and the Future of Liberalism 2. The Liberalism of Karl Popper 3. Social Contract, Community and Ideology 4. On Negative and Positive Liberty 5. Freedom, Slavery and Contentment 6. Hayek on Liberty, Rights and Justice 7. Spencer on the Ethics of Liberty and the Limits of State Interference 8. Indirect Utility and Fundamental Rights 9. Liberalism and the Choice of liberties 10. Contractarian Method, Private Property and the Market Economy 11. Oakeshott on Law, Liberty and Civil Association 12. Mill’s and Other Liberalisms