Much of the existing literature on happiness in Japan has been produced in the field of economics and psychology and is quantitative in nature. Here, for the first time, a group of anthropologists and sociologists jointly analyze the state of happiness and unhappiness in Japan among varying social groups in its physical, interpersonal, existential and structural dimensions, offering new insights into fundamental issues.
This book investigates the connections between sociostructural aspects, individual agency and happiness in contemporary Japan from a life course perspective. The contributors examine quantitative and qualitative empirical data on the processes that impact how happiness and well-being are envisioned, crafted, and debated in Japan across the life-cycle. Therefore, the book discusses the shifting notions of happiness during people’s lives from birth to death, analyzing the age group-specific experiences while taking into consideration people’s life trajectories and historical changes. It points out recent developments in regards to demographic change, late marriage, and the changing labor market and focuses on their significant impact on the well-being of Japanese people. In particular it highlights the interdependencies of lives within the family and how families are collaborating for the purpose of maintaining or enhancing the happiness of its members.
Broadening our understanding of the multidimensionality of happiness in Japan, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Japanese Studies, Anthropology, and Sociology.
Introduction: Making sense of happiness in "unhappy Japan"
Barbara Holthus and Wolfram Manzenreiter
PART I: CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH
Chapter 1. Tanoshikatta ne? Learning to be happy in Japanese preschools
Chapter 2. "Because I feel happy": Japanese first graders’ views about schooling and well-being
Chapter 3. "Unhappy" and isolated youth in the midst of social change: Representations and subjective experiences of hikikomori in contemporary Japan
Chapter 4. Anxious, stress, and yet satisfied? The puzzle of subjective well-being among young adults in Japan
PART II: ADULTHOOD
Chapter 5. Being happy as a woman: The promise of happiness for middle class housewives in Japan
Chapter 6. The well-being of single mothers in Japan
James M. Raymo
Chapter 7. Happiness at work? Marital happiness among Japanese housewives and employed wives
Mary C. Brinton
Chapter 8. The happiness of Japanese academics: Findings from job satisfaction surveys in 1992 and 2007
Theresa Aichinger, Peter Fankhauser, and Roger Goodman
Chapter 9. Dilemma of fatherhood: The meaning of work, family, and happiness for salaried male Japanese workers
PART III: OLD AGE
Chapter 10. Happiness pursued, abandoned, dreamed of, and stumbled upon: An analysis of twenty Japanese lives over twenty years
Chapter 11. Senior volunteers and post-retirement well-being in Japan
Chapter 12. Well-being and decision-making towards the end of life: Living wills in Japan
Chapter 13. Fear of solitary death in Japan’s ageing society
Tim Tiefenbach and Florian Kohlbacher
Reconsidering the four dimensions of happiness across the life course in Japan
Wolfram Manzenreiter and Barbara Holthus