This book discusses light-based science, emphasizing its pervasive influence in science, technology, policy, and education. A wide range of contributors offers a comprehensive study of the tremendous, and indeed foundational, contributions of Ibn al Haytham, a scholar from the medieval period. The analysis then moves into the future development of light-based technology. Written as a multi-disciplinary reference book by leading scholars in the history of science and /or photonics, it covers Ibn al Haytham’s optics, LED lighting for sustainable development, global and atomic-scale time with new light sources, advanced technology, and vision science. Cutting-edge optical technologies and their global impact is addressed in detail, and the later chapters also explore challenges with renewable energy, the global impact of photonics, and optical and photonic education technology. Practical examples and illustrations are provided throughout the text.
"I enjoyed reading this book written by world-leading scientists and historians with much experience in the history of science in general and science of optics; this is the main strength of this book. Another strong aspect of the book is that it's an international collective effort, containing contributions from people with multi-cultural and multi-faith backgrounds."
—Ali Al-Kamli, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia
"… a true presentation of the journey of science of light, starting with the pioneering works on optics by Ibn al-Haytham – an Arab mathematician and physicist, a thousand years back, and the influence of his scientific methods on the European renaissance. Ibn al Haytham was like a pole star, whose light guided the future scientists like Newton, Fresnel, Maxwell, Einstein and many others to unravel the mysteries of light."
—Zahid H. Khan,Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
"This book is very interesting: short complementary sections with high-level information on science evolution, technology and development over time and over space."
—Zohra ben Lakhdar, Faculty of Science in Tunis, Tunisia
"The broad approach includes cultural, social and historical aspects of light-based science and technology, and the chapters are written by international scholars with a wide range of backgrounds. The book will be very valuable to science historians, and people working in optics, photonics, vision science and many other light-based technologies."
—Alexander A. Sawchuk, University of Southern California, USA
"This book contains the contributor’s presentations at a 2015 conference to celebrate the legacy of Ibn al-Haytham (965-1040)—specifically, his philosophical, mathematical and experimental works as contained in the first three extant books of his Book of Optics. For readers who are not familiar with the translations and extensive scholarly commentary of A. I. Sabra, and A. Mark Smith, this book is a recommended introduction. The excellent chapter on physiological optics is comprehensive and makes a strong argument that Ibn al-Haytham is indeed the founder of physiological optics."
—OPN, February 2018
"The excellent chapter on physiological optics is comprehensive and makes a strong argument that Ibn al-Haytham is indeed the founder of physiological optics."—Barry R. Masters, Fellow of AAAS, OSA and SPIE
Part One: History Guiding the Future, example of Ibn al Haytham
Chapter One: Ibn al Haytham’s Scientific Program
Chapter Two: Science, Philosophy and religion during the 10th century
Josef Van Ess
Chapter Three: From the Reasons of Light to the Lights of Reason: Remarks on the Nine Centuries Distant Ibn al Haytham’s and Albert Einstein’s Respective Approaches of Light as Conceived Physically
Chapter Four: Translation and Studies of Ibn al Haytham’s Optics in Latin
Chapter Five: Ibn Al-Haytham: The Founder of Scientific Pluralism
Hassan Tahiri (Portugal)
Chapter Six: The Famous Problem of Ibn al Haytham
Chapter Seven: Ibn Al-Haytham: Founder of Physiological Optics?
Chapter Eight: Al Haytham's Influence on the Optics and Culture of Medieval Europe
Part Two: Light-based technologies for the future
Chapter Nine: Photonic Technology: Recent Developments and Challenges of the 21st Century
Chapter Ten: Ibn al Haytham’s: From Basra, Earth to the Gale Crater, Mars
Chapter Eleven: Modern electron optics and the search for more light: the legacy of Ibn al-Haytham
Chapter Twelve: Atomic-scale time with new light sources
Chapter Thirteen: The relevance of LED lighting for sustainable development
Chapter Fourteen: Medieval Arab Achievements in Optics
Sameen Ahmed Khan
Part Three: Optics and Photonics in the Arab and Islamic world, Education and Investment in Light Sciences and Technology
Chapter Fifteen: Need to Create International Science Centres in Arab Countries"
Azher Majid Siddiqui and Sameen Ahmed Khan
Chapter Sixteen: The First Synchrotron Light-Source in the Middle-East and Neighbouring Regions
Chapter Seventeen: Scientific Translation: A Tool from Shadow to Light
Chapter Eighteen: Optics and Photonics Research in Lebanon: Key figures, Ways Forward