Light Sources: Basics of Lighting Technologies and Applications, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Light Sources

Basics of Lighting Technologies and Applications, 2nd Edition

By Spiros Kitsinelis, Spyridon Kitsinelis

CRC Press

295 pages | 228 B/W Illus.

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Decide Which Lighting Technology Is Best for Your Application

Light Sources, Second Edition: Basics of Lighting Technologies and Applications presents an overview of the three main technologies that have produced the numerous families of lighting products on the market today: electrical incandescence, electrical gas discharges, and semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The second edition of this highly praised bestseller explores the scientific and technological developments of existing and new light sources and significantly expands the coverage on how to make choices based on a specific application.

New to the Second Edition

  • Enhanced material on LEDs
  • New chapter on matching lighting technology with the appropriate applications
  • New chapter on light and health
  • New case studies on indoor and outdoor lighting for security and safety

This book provides an up-to-date guide to the main technologies and important families of light sources that have dominated the market and our lives since the end of the nineteenth century. It will help readers design the most appropriate lighting environments for people of various needs and choose the correct technology for cost-effective lighting schemes.

Online supplementary materials: View the author’s webinar ''How The Right Light Can Improve Our Lives'':


"I have never before seen a book with so many photographs, diagrams, and data summary tables—they are all helpful. A look at this book will benefit anyone interested in lighting."

Optics & Photonics News, October 2015

"… a must-read for people looking for a complete introduction to this very modern subject. … this book covers from legacy light sources to new solid state lighting devices, in combination with aspects of lighting and health effects. I strongly recommend this book!"

—Professor Georges Zissis, University of Toulouse, France

"In this book a nice overview is given of all the lighting technologies that we use today and many new entrants in the world of lighting will benefit from reading it."

—Dr. Marco Haverlag, Philips Lighting, The Netherlands

Praise for the First Edition:

"… a welcome publication, written as it is by an expert on light sources … it is a book that will prove useful to those who teach lighting subjects and who have to deal with light sources."

—Robert Bean, Lighting Research and Technology, 2011

"… a concise compilation of a huge family of ancient and modern light sources. As a reference book, it will be useful to scientists, students and professionals who deal with light sources and their applications in spectroscopy, optics and industry."

Optics & Photonics News, 2011

"Upon finishing this book, you will be impressed by how the author has managed to squeeze such a comprehensive look at light sources into 213 pages. … Of particular value is the author’s ability to condense the amount of complex information into an easy-to-read, concise and logical manner. In fact, it is a delight to run through such a complete ‘refresher course’ in a few hours’ reading. … this book offers a good overview of all current light sources from the older technologies up to the most current. … As a reference book for the lighting professional, it is a very good ‘refresher’ on all areas of lighting, which explains why and where we are in the story of lighting. … it will undoubtedly teach you a thing or two that you did not know about the subject."

Lighting Journal, February 2011

"The book is of general interest, though mainly focused on the technological aspects of artificial electric lighting, including practical aspects of lighting in common indoor and outdoor situations. Since the discussion includes aspects such as power, efficiency, light intensity, spectral properties, colour reproduction, human perception, health aspects and practicalities of various sorts, it should prove valuable in the design of the proper lighting for given situations, and hence be of interest also for architects, interior decorators and other people who want to design specific lighting. The quality of the paper, the print and the overall bookmaking is excellent, and the book can be recommended to a general readership without constraint."

Contemporary Physics (Nov 2016), review by Manuel Vogel, GSI, Darmstadt, Germany

Table of Contents

Basic Principles of Light and Vision

Properties of Light


White Light

Color Rendering Index

Color Temperature

Measuring Light

Circadian Rhythm

Incandescent Lamps

Conventional Incandescent Lamps

Halogen Incandescent Lamps

Overview of the Technology

Codes/Product Categorization

Electrical Discharge Lamps

Plasma Processes

Low-Pressure Discharge Lamps

Pressure Effect

High-Pressure Discharge Lamps

Induction Lamps

Pulsed Operation

Alternative Discharge Light Sources

Microdischarge Properties for the Development of Light Sources

Solid State Light Sources

Light-Emitting Diodes

Organic LEDs

LED White Light Emissions

LED Operation

Thermal Management of LEDs

Dimming/Controlling Brightness

General Characteristics of LEDs


Closing Remarks



The Development of LASERs

Output Types


Excimer Lasers


The Technologies

Primary Technologies

Secondary Technologies


Key Considerations


Illuminating Spaces

Indoor Lighting

Dynamic Lighting

Outdoor Lighting

Nonvisible Applications

Light Sources and Health

Melatonin Suppression

Light Therapy

Flicker and Health Effects

Light Sources and Eye Conditions

Color Vision Impairments

Mercury Issues


UV Exposure





References appear at the end of each chapter.

About the Authors

Spiros Kitsinelis is an associate professor at Ehime University. His research focuses on the development of novel and energy-efficient light sources and the communication of this science to a broader audience. Dr. Kitsinelis is the co-creator of several patents in the field of light sources and the author of numerous scientific publications, including the book The Right Light: Matching Technologies to Needs and Applications. He earned a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Sheffield. Visit his website at for more details.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety