Light and Optics: Principles and Practices, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Light and Optics

Principles and Practices, 1st Edition

By Abdul Al-Azzawi

CRC Press

408 pages | 375 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-12-26
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Description

Since the invention of the laser, our fascination with the photon has led to one of the most dynamic and rapidly growing fields of technology. As the reality of all-optical systems quickly comes into focus, it is more important than ever to have a thorough understanding of light and the optical components used to control it. Comprising chapters drawn from the author's highly anticipated book Photonics: Principles and Practices, Light and Optics: Principles and Practices offers a detailed and focused treatment for anyone in need of authoritative information on this critical area underlying photonics.

Using a consistent approach, the author leads you step-by-step through each topic. Each skillfully crafted chapter first explores the theoretical concepts of each topic, and then demonstrates how these principles apply to real-world applications by guiding you through experimental cases illuminated with numerous illustrations. The book works systematically through light, light and shadow, thermal radiation, light production, light intensity, light and color, the laws of light, plane mirrors, spherical mirrors, lenses, prisms, beamsplitters, light passing through optical components, optical instruments for viewing applications, polarization of light, optical materials, and laboratory safety.

Containing several topics presented for the first time in book form, Light and Optics: Principles and Practices is simply the most modern, comprehensive, and hands-on text in the field.

Table of Contents

THE NATURE OF LIGHT

Introduction

The Evolution of Light Theory

Measurements of the Speed of Light

Light Sources

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Types of Electromagnetic Waves

Properties of Light

Further Reading

LIGHT AND SHADOWS

Introduction

Shadows

Solar Eclipse

Lunar Eclipse

Applications of Shadows

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

THERMAL RADIATION

Introduction

Thermal Radiation

Light and Energy

Solar Radiation Energy

Classification of Solar Collectors

Flat-Plate Collectors

Solar Heating Systems

Hot Water and Steam Generation Systems

Vapour Absorption Refrigeration/Air Conditioning Systems

Photovoltaic Systems

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Weather Station

Further Reading

LIGHT PRODUCTION

Introduction

Spontaneous Light Emission

Stimulated Light Emission

Light Production by Different Energy Sources

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

LIGHT INTENSITY

Introduction

Light Intensity

Luminous Flux

Luminous Intensity

Illumination

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

LIGHT AND COLOUR

Introduction

Colours

Mixing Light Colours

The Colour Triangle

The C.I.E. Chromaticity Diagram

Colour Televisions

Spectral Transmittance Curves

Colour Temperature

Newton's Colour Wheel

Black and White Colour Strip Intersection Wheel

Black and White Colour Strip Wheel

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

LAWS OF LIGHT

Introduction

Law of Reflection

Law of Refraction

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

PLANE MIRRORS

Introduction

The Reflection of Light

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

SPHERICAL MIRRORS

Introduction

Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors

Spherical Aberration

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

LENSES

Introduction

Types of Lenses

Graphical Method to Locate an Image Formed by Converging and Diverging Lenses

Image Formation by Converging Lenses

The Lens Equation

Magnification of a Thin Lens

The Lensmaker's Equation

Combination of Thin Lenses

Lens Aberrations

Lens Polishing Technology

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

PRISMS

Introduction

Prisms

Prism Types

Prisms in Different Combinations

Light Beam Passing through a Prism

Factors Governing Dispersion of Light by a Prism

Dispersion of White Light by a Prism

Mixing Spectrum Colours Using a Glass Rod and Tube

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

BEAMSPLITTERS

Introduction

Beamsplitters

Beamsplitter Types

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

LIGHT PASSING THROUGH OPTICAL COMPONENTS

Introduction

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendix

Further Reading

OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS FOR VIEWING APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Optical Instruments

The Camera

The Eye

The Magnifying Glass

The Compound Microscope

Advanced Microscopes

The Telescope

The Binoculars

The Slide Projector

The Overhead Projector

The Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Projector

The Light Box

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

POLARIZATION OF LIGHT

Introduction

Polarization of Light

Forms of Polarization of Light

Occurrence of Polarization

Polarizing Materials

Polarizing Optical Components

The Law of Malus

Optical Activity

Photoelasticity

Liquid Crystal Display

Polarization Maintaining Fibres

Polarization Loss

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendices

Further Reading

OPTICAL MATERIALS

Introduction

Classes of Materials

Applications

Experimental Work

List of References

Appendix

Further Reading

PHOTONICS LABORATORY SAFETY

Introduction

Electrical Safety

Light Sources

Devices and Equipment

Audio-Visual and Computer Peripherals

Handling of Fibre Optic Cables

Epoxy Adhesives and Sealants

Cleaning Optical Components

Optic/Optical Fibre Devices and Systems

Cleaning Chemicals

Warning Labels

Laser Safety

Laser Safety Tips

Indoor Air Quality

Other Considerations

Further Reading

APPENDIX A: DETAILS OF THE DEVICES, COMPONENTS, TOOLS, AND PARTS

APPENDIX B: INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS (SI)

APPENDIX C: LIGHTING LAMPS

GLOSSARY

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI053000
SCIENCE / Optics
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics