1st Edition

Limited Statehood and Informal Governance in the Middle East and Africa

Edited By Ruth Hanau Santini, Abel Polese, Rob Kevlihan Copyright 2021
    290 Pages
    by Routledge

    290 Pages
    by Routledge

    Hybrid forms of governance – where the central state authority does not possess a monopoly of violence and fails to exercise control – are not only an epiphenomena, but a reality likely to persist. This book explores this phenomenon drawing on examples from the Middle East and Africa. It considers the different sorts of actors – state and non-state, public and private, national and transnational – which possess power, examines the dynamics of the relationships between central authorities and other actors, and reviews the varying outcomes. The book provides an alternative view of the way in which governance has been constructed and lived, puts forward a conceptualisation of various forms of governance which have hitherto been regarded as exceptions, and argues for such forms of governance to be regarded as part of the norm.

    Foreword, Raymond Hinnebusch


    Part I International interventions and the interplay between formal and informal governance

    1. Fluid concepts and understandings redefined: states, porous borders and transnational militant actors in Syria
    2. Joseph P. Helou

    3. Limited Statehood and the Politics of Security Governance in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC)
    4. Mustafa Çıraklı, Umut Koldaş

    5. (In)Securitizing Somalia’s territorial waters as an area of limited statehood
    6. Stephanie Carver

    7. Limited statehood in a shattered state: territorial and economic challenges to the construct of the Iraqi state
    8. Adriano Cozzolino, Irene Costantini,

    9. Trials and tribulations: the challenges of building a sustainable state in South Sudan
    10. Daniela Nascimento

    11. Interventions and sovereignty limitations in Libya
    12. Debora Malito

      Part II Domestic Agency and Dynamics

    13. The margins at the core: Boko Haram’s impact on hybrid governance on Lake Chad
    14. Alessio Iocchi

    15. Competing orders in cross border areas of limited statehood: the cases of Southern Tunisia and Northern Mali micro-regions
    16. Edoardo Baldaro, Giulia Cimini

    17. Resisting or Appropriating: Two approaches in the study of aid, violent non-state actors, and governance
    18. Ori Swed, Samuel Fletcher Stubblefield

    19. Somalia, Fragmented Hybrid Governance and Inclusive Development
    20. Eric Herring, Latif Ismail, Aoife McCullough and Muhyadin Saed

    21. Mediating Security – Hybridity and Clientelism in Lebanon’s Hybrid Security Sector
    22. Francisco Mazzola

    23. Micro Formations of Hybrid Security Governance in Ethnic Riots: Mapping the Interworkings of State Forces, Vigilantes, Residents, Thugs and Armed Mobs in the Violent Slums of Jos, Nigeria
    24. Madueke, Vermeulen

    25. Leadership Changes & Rebels’ Goals in Areas of Limited Statehood in the Middle East: Libya, Iraq and Yemen

    Carmela Lutmar







    Ruth Hanau Santini is Associate Professor of Politics and International Relations, Università L’Orientale, Naples

    Abel Polese is Senior Research Fellow at the School of Law and Government, Dublin City University, Ireland, and Tallinn Law School, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia

    Rob Kevlihan is Consultative Director at the Shanahan Research Group and Managing Director of Gumfoot Consultancy Ltd., both based in Ireland.