440 pages | 124 B/W Illus.
Time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides are more often the rule than exception in the surface waters of agricultural landscapes. There is, therefore, a need to adequately address the uncertainties arising from time-variable exposure profiles in the aquatic risk assessment procedure for pesticides.
Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects: Risk Assessment of Pesticides provides guidance and recommendations for linking aquatic exposure and ecotoxicological effects in the environmental assessment of agricultural pesticides. Leading international scientists share their expertise in aquatic exposure assessment, aquatic ecotoxicology, and the risk assessment and management of plant protection products. The book incorporates the tools and approaches currently available for assessing the environmental risks of time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides. It also discusses the science behind these techniques.
This volume covers the extrapolation techniques, including models that address the environmental fate, toxicokinetics, toxicodynamics, and ecological effects, for performing accurate aquatic environmental risk assessments of pesticides. It explains how to link aquatic exposure and effects in the risk assessment procedure for plant protection products.
Guidance on Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects in the Registration Procedure of Plant Protection Products
Executive Summary and Recommendations: European Union Workshop on Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects in the Registration Procedure of Plant Protection Products (ELINK)
Introduction to the Guidance on Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects in the Risk Assessment for Plant Protection Products
Tier 1 Aquatic Risk Assessment for Plant Protection Products in Europe
Generalized Exposure Regimes and Tiered Exposure
Assessment for Plant Protection Products
Species Sensitivity Distribution Approach in the Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products
Use of Refined Exposure Single-Species and Population Studies in the Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products
Toxicokinetic and Toxicodynamic Modeling in the Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products
Model Ecosystem Approach in the Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products
Ecological Models in the Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products
Ecological Field Data in the Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products
Reports from ELINK Work Groups
A Novice’s Guide to FOCUS Surface Water
Interaction between Fate and Effect Experts
Extrapolation Methods in Aquatic Effect Assessment of Time-Variable Exposures to Pesticides
Ecological Characterization of Water Bodies
Glossary and Appendices
Appendix 1: Workshop Participants
Appendix 2: Workshop Sponsors
Appendix 3: Case Studies
Appendix 4: Foldout Page of the ELINK Decision Scheme: Explanatory Notes for Figure 2.1