Liquid Marbles Formation, Characterization, and Applications
Certain small solid particles are surface-active at fluid interfaces and thus are able to stabilize materials previously considered impossible to stabilize in their absence. Liquid marbles, particle-coated non-sticking liquid droplets, represent one of these materials. Preparation of liquid marbles was described only about 15 years ago and they are now widely studied by many research groups and numerous applications of liquid marbles have been advanced. The book is written for postgraduates and researchers working on the area who are training to become chemists, soft matter physicists, materials scientists, and engineers.
Interfaces and the Concept of Surface Tension. Definition and Types of Interfaces. Surface Tension and Curved Interfaces. Measurement of Surface Tension. Nature of Solid Surfaces. Solid Particle-Liquid-Air Three-Phase Contact Angle and Wetting. Wetting and Non-wetting Surfaces and Bioinspired Non-wetting Surfaces. Sticking and Non-Sticking Drops. Shape of Drops. Sticking Drops. Liquid Drops as Sticking Agents. Non-Sticking Drops. Principles and Properties of Liquid Marbles. Principles of Liquid Marbles. Preparation of Liquid Marbles. Properties of Liquid Marbles. Applications of Liquid Marbles. Applications of Liquid Marbles in Microfluidics. Applications of Liquid Marbles in Environmental Science. Liquid Marbles as Micro-pumps. Liquid Marbles in Miniaturised Chemical Processes. Liquid Marbles as Precursors of Pickering Emulsions. Liquid Marbles as a Means of Cultivating Microorganisms. Liquid Marbles as Precursors of Novel Materials. Liquid Marbles: Future and Challenges.