Examining liturgy as historical evidence has, in recent years, developed into a flourishing field of research. The chapters in this volume offer innovative discussion of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem from the perspective of 'liturgy in history'. They demonstrate how the total liturgical experience, which was visual, emotional, motile, olfactory, and aural, can be analysed to understand the messages that liturgy was intended to convey. The chapters reveal how combining narrative sources with liturgical documents can help decode political circumstances and inter-group relations and decipher the core ideals of the community of Outremer. Moreover, understanding the Latins’ liturgical activities in the Holy Land has much to contribute to our understanding of the crusade as an institution, how crusade spirituality was practised on the ground in the Latin East, and how people engaged with the crusading movement.
This volume brings together eight original studies, forwarded by the editors’ introduction, on the liturgy of Jerusalem, spanning the immediate pre-Crusade and Crusade period (11th-13th centuries). It demonstrates the richness of a focus on the liturgy in illuminating the social, religious, and intellectual history of this critical period of ecclesiastical self-assertion, as well as conceptions of the sacred in this time and place.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Medieval History.
1. Liturgy and devotion in the crusader states: introduction 2. The regular canons and the liturgy of the Latin East 3. The libelli of Lucca, Biblioteca Arcivescovile, MS 5: liturgy from the siege of Acre? 4. Rewriting the Latin liturgy of the Holy Sepulchre: text, ritual and devotion for 1149 5. Greek liturgy in crusader Jerusalem: witnesses of liturgical life at the Holy Sepulchre and St Sabas Lavra 6. Greek Orthodox monasteries in the Holy Land and their liturgies in the period of the crusades 7. Processing together, celebrating apart: shared processions in the Latin East 8. Holy Fire and sacral kingship in post-conquest Jerusalem 9. Royal inauguration and liturgical culture in the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099–1187