Sustaining and strengthening local livelihoods is one of the most fundamental challenges faced by post-conflict countries. By degrading the natural resources that are essential to livelihoods and by significantly hindering access to those resources, conflict can wreak havoc on the ability of war-torn populations to survive and recover. This book explores how natural resource management initiatives in more than twenty countries and territories have supported livelihoods and facilitated post-conflict peacebuilding.
Case studies and analyses identify lessons and opportunities for the more effective design of interventions to support the livelihoods that depend on natural resources – from land to agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and protected areas. The book also explores larger questions about how to structure livelihoods assistance as part of a coherent, integrated approach to post-conflict redevelopment.
Livelihoods and Natural Resources in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding is part of a global initiative to identify and analyze lessons in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management. The project has generated six books of case studies and analyses, with contributions from practitioners, policy makers, and researchers. Other books in this series address high value resources, land, water, assessing and restoring natural resources, and governance.
"This book is an excellent compendium of such conflicts, their contexts, and innovative ways for peace-building in policy and practice." - Paula Hanasz, Asia and the Pacific Policy Society
Foreword Jan Egeland Introduction: Helping Post-conflict Communities Survive and Thrive Helen Young and Lisa Goldman Part 1: Natural Resource Conflicts, Livelihoods, and Peacebuilding Approaches Introduction 1. Social Identity, Natural Resources, and Peacebuilding Arthur Green 2. Swords into Ploughshares? Access to Natural Resources and Securing Agricultural Livelihoods in Rural Afghanistan Alan Roe 3.Forest Resources in Cambodia’s Transition to Peace: Lessons for Peacebuilding Srey Chanthy, Jim Schweithelm 4. Post-tsunami Aceh: Successful Peacemaking, Uncertain Peacebuilding Michael Renner 5. Manufacturing Peace in "No Man’s Land": Livestock and Access to Resources in the Karimojong Cluster of Kenya and Uganda Jeremy Lind 6. Resolving Natural Resource Conflicts to Help Prevent War: A Case from Afghanistan, Liz Alden Wily Part 2: Innovative Livelihoods Approaches in Post-conflict Settings Introduction 7. The Opportunities and Challenges of Protected Areas for Post-conflict Peacebuilding Carol Westrik 8. A Peace Park in the Balkans:Cross-border Cooperation and Livelihood Creation through Coordinated Environmental Conservation J. Todd Walters 9. Mountain Gorilla Ecotourism: Supporting Macroeconomic Growth and Providing Local Livelihoods Miko Maekawa, Annette Lanjouw, Eugène Rutagarama, Doug Sharp 10. The Interface between Natural Resources and Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration: Enhancing Human Security in Post-conflict Settings Glaucia Boyer, Adrienne Stork 11. Demobilized Combatants as Park Rangers: Post-conflict Natural Resource Management in Gorongosa National Park Matthew Pritchard 12. Utilizing Alternative Livelihood Schemes to Solve Conflict Problems in Sierra Leone’s Artisanal Diamond Mining Industry Andrew Keili, Bocar Thiam 13. Linking to Peace: Using BioTrade for Biodiversity Conservation and Peacebuilding in Colombia Lorena Jaramillo Castro, Adrienne Stork Part 3: The Institutional and Policy Context Introduction 14. Fisheries Policies and the Problem of Instituting Sustainable Management: The Case of Occupied Japan Harry N. Scheiber, Benjamin Jones 15. Developing Capacity for Natural Resource Management in Afghanistan: Process, Challenges and Lessons Learned by UNEP Belinda Bowling, Asif Zaidi 16. Building Resilience in Rural Livelihood Systems as an Investment in Conflict Prevention Blake Ratner 17. Improving Natural Resource Governance and Building Peace and Stability in Mindanao, Philippines Cynthia Brady, Oliver Agoncillo, Maria Zita Butardo-Toribio, Buenaventura Dolom, Casimiro V. Olvida 18. Commerce in the Chaos: Charcoal, Bananas, Fisheries, and Conflict in Somalia Christian Webersik, Alec Crawford Part 4: Lessons Learned 19. Managing Natural Resources for Livelihoods in Post-conflict Societies: Lessons Learned Lisa Goldman, Helen Young