Livestock Ration Formulation for Dairy Cattle and Buffalo provides an interdisciplinary, integrative perspective and optimization on dairy cattle feed formulation problem solving. It helps dairy farmers by introducing them the right frequency and right amount of balanced diet to be fed to cattle’s and buffaloes at different body condition so that their feeding cost should be decreased and there should be increase in income for dairy farmers, as they don’t have enough knowledge of feeding practice. It helps animal nutritionist to work for dairy farmers which have very limited feed resources to fulfil nutrients requirement in terms of crude protein (CP), total digestible nutrient (TDN), calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) by developing a software programme to plan a balanced low budget diet.
It includes the Linear and Goal programming model for non-pregnant dairy buffalo is been solved using Hybrid Real Coded Genetic Algorithm and the results are compared with Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RGA) considering different versions like RGA without crossover, RGA without Mutation, RGA with crossover and mutation. These models can also be applied with other nutritional models like CNCPS, INRA.
This book is a step forward in that direction to provide least cost diet formulation based on nutrient requirement of the cattle and buffalo, which is been calculated according to Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR, 2013) and NRC (2001) on dry matter basis, provides a clear and precise platform for other researcher in Animal Nutrition field which also give initial platform to build a software and android application to formulate least cost ration Based on data and algorithm used in this book, which helps Dairy farmers directly to feed balanced diet at cheap rate.
- It is a good reference to local dairy farmers by introducing them to the right frequency and right amount of balanced diet to be fed to cattle and buffaloes at different production cycles.
- It will provide basic platform and some solutions to built-up software about cattle nutrition development and least cost formulation for end-user.
- It has several techniques for optimizing animal diet formulation but a good balance between coding/programming and animal nutrition is incorporated towards application of soft computing technique to improve the quality of the solution due to rigidity of the constraints.
Table of Contents
List of Tables xi
List of Figures xiii
Author Biographies xix
List of Abbreviations xxiii
1. Introduction to Animal Nutrition 1
2. Review of Literature 9
3. Tools and Techniques 21
4. Binary Coded Genetic Algorithm to Solve Ration Formulation Problem 27
5. Least Cost Feed Formulation for Dairy Cattle During Pregnancy by Using Real Coded Genetic Algorithm: An Application 45
6. Study of Real Coded Hybrid Genetic Algorithm to Find Least Cost Ration for Non-Pregnant Dairy Buffaloes 69
7. Conclusion 87
Dr Ravinder Singh Kuntal is an expertise in optimizing and creating user friendly application in Microsoft Excel & android platform for least cost ration formulation for dairy animals. His research interests include operations research, Data analytics, Mathematical modelling and statistical analysis. He has work on these models after 8 years of experience in least cost optimization research. He is currently working as Assistant Professor of Mathematics in Faculty of Engineering & Technology, Jain (Deemed-to-be University) Bangalore. He has a total of 11 years of teaching and 8 years of research experience. He has published 14 research paper in peer reviewed journals. He received many awards for his research work and has bagged the title of Best Paper Award for "Least Cost Formulation for Ruminants" in the International Conference on Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Computational Mathematics (AAICM - 2020), One of his publication also received an acknowledgement of Best Paper Award on "Study of Real Coded Hybrid Genetic Algorithm (RGA) to find least cost ration for non-pregnant dairy buffaloes" at 7th International conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving (SocPros-2017) Dec 23-24 -2017 at IIT Bhubaneswar, Best paper award titled "heuristic approach to nonlinear optimization technique" at Research Retreat: Exploring pathways, unlocking ideas" at Jain University. He is considered as the Best Mathematics Professor of the year in recognition of Continuous excellence in teaching Awarded at International Education Awards conference 2020. He has a research collaboration with NIANP (National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology) Bangalore, India. He also completed consultancy projects for ICAR-NIANP institutions and "Design and Development Least Cost Feed Formulation (LCFF) Application for Goat, Sheep & Camel Using Excel VBA", for KING SAUD UNIVERSITY, Riyadh Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Radha Gupta was born in Roorkee, Uttarakhand, in 1970. She received her M.Sc. degree in Mathematics from Agra University, Uttar Pradesh, India in 1992 and M.Phil. degree in Mathematics from University of Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India, in 1993. She acquired her Ph.D. degree in Mathematics from Vikram University, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India, in 2011. From 1993 to 1996, she worked as a Research Fellow with Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, Uttarakhand. From 1999 to 2004, she was a Lecturer in SVM PU College Bangalore; from 2004 to 2007 she was a lecturer in PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore. She moved to School of Engineering and Technology, Jain University, Bangalore, in 2007 and served the Institution as Associate Professor and Head, Department of Basic Science, till 2015. Since 2015, she has been a Professor and Head with the Mathematics department, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore. Her research interests include operations research, differential equations, Mathematical modelling and statistical analysis. She is the author of five books, some conference papers and more than 50 research publications in reputed National and International journals. She is also a reviewer for some of the prestigious journals. She is a recognized Research Supervisor from VTU, Belagavi and member of many professional bodies. Dr. Radha Gupta was a recipient of President Gold Medal (from then President of India, Shri Shankar Dayal Sharma) for the best student of the year 1992, Agra University, Uttar Pradesh, and also a recipient of University Gold Medal for standing first class first in M.Phil. (Mathematics) in the year 1993, University of Roorkee, Uttarakhand.
Professor D. Rajendran, Principal Scientist, ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology did his Bachelor of Veterinary Science at Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai in 1997 and did his Master degree in Animal Nutrition at Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly. He was a recipient of Junior Research Fellowship Award during his master degree. He joined as Lecturer at West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Science in 2000. He pursued his Doctoral degree programme at Madras Veterinary College, Chennai. He received three Gold Medal in Ph.D. namely TANUVAS Gold Medal, Dr. Richard Masilamani Memorial Award and TANUVAS Alumini Award. He joined as Assistant Professor in Animal Nutrition at Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Taminadu and established Feed Mill under revolving fund project. He conducted research on nano mineral and guided two undergraduate students to receive ALLTECH Young Scientist Award 2010 and 2011. He joined as senior scientist in 2010 at ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Bangalore. His pioneering work on nano technology in Animal Nutrition for improvement of bioavailability of mineral is eye opener for application of nano mineral science in animal nutrition. The work was recognized and received best thesis award by Animal Nutrition Journal by Elsevier Pvt. Ltd. He has 185 publications including 51 research articles, 12 book chapters, 37 technical articles and 20 teaching manuals. He received 7 awards in conference and seminars of national and international repute. He was invited for a guest lecture by CG Group at Boun Me Thout, DakLak, Vietnam. He successfully guided 12 master degree and 5 doctoral degree students in the capacity of chairman/member of the advisory committee. He developed 4 software’s and 2 Android Apps and published for public use. He published 5 ready reckoners and one diagnostic kit. More than 25000 copies of the ready reckoner were sold and created revolution in the field of Animal Nutrition. He has completed successfully 11 externally /Institute funded research projects and currently 5 projects are undergoing. International Society of Biotechnology conferred on the Fellow of International Society of Biotechnology (FISBT) in recognition of his contribution and achievements.
Dr Vishal Patil is an expertise in developing and designing least cost LP & stochastic models and creating user friendly application in Microsoft Excel & android platform. He has built these models after 10 years of experience in teaching and research. He has completed consultancy projects for ICAR-NIANP institutions and "Design and Development Least Cost Feed Formulation (LCFF) Application for Goat, Sheep & Camel Using Excel VBA", for KING SAUD UNIVERSITY, Riyadh Saudi Arabia. He has published 10 peer-reviewed international papers. He is working as Assistant Professor of Mathematics in Faculty of Engineering & Technology, Jain (Deemed-to-be University) Bangalore. His major contribution includes research collaboration with NIANP (National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology) Bangalore, India.