Living Architecture, Living Cities: Soul-Nourishing Sustainability, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Living Architecture, Living Cities

Soul-Nourishing Sustainability, 1st Edition

By Christopher Day, Julie Gwilliam

Routledge

368 pages | 500 B/W Illus.

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Description

It’s widely accepted that our environment is in crisis. Less widely recognized is that three quarters of environmental damage is due to cities – the places where most of us live. As this powerful new book elucidates, global sustainability is therefore directly dependent on urban design.

In Living Architecture, Living Cities Christopher Day moves beyond the current emphasis on technological change. He argues that eco-technology allows us to continue broadly as before and only defers the impending disaster. In reality, most negative environmental impacts are due to how we live and the things we buy. Such personal choices often result from dissatisfaction with our surroundings. As perceived environment has a direct effect on attitudes and motivations, improving this can achieve more sustainable lifestyles more effectively than drastic building-change – with its notorious performance-gap limitations. As it’s in places that our inner feelings and material reality interact, perceived environment is place-based. Ultimately, however, as the root cause of unsustainability is attitude, real change requires moving from the current focus on buildings and technology to an emphasis on the non-material.

Featuring over 400 high quality illustrations, this is essential reading for anyone who believes in the value and power of good design. Christopher Day’s philosophy will continue to inspire students with an interest in sustainable architecture, urban planning, and related fields.

Table of Contents

PART I LIFE-SUPPORTING ENVIRONMENT: METHOD OR APPROACH?

1. The environmental crisis: ecological or experiential?

Our environment: doubly sick

Sustainability: multi-dimensional, multi-layer

Urban sustainability: a survival issue

Efficiency or multiple aims?

Attitudinal change

Damaged world or damaging process?

2. Anticipating coming unknowns

New challenges: new thinking

Building for an unknown future

3. Environmental impacts

The big picture

Choice: fact-led or feeling-led?

People-building interaction

PART II EXPERIENTIAL ENVIRONMENT

4. Perceived reality: sensory experience

Factual reality and perceived reality

Sensory nutrition

Different senses: different environmental engagement

Visual climate: feelingless or feeling-rich?

Auditory climate

Sub-sensory influences

Mono-sensory experience, multi-sensory ambience

5. Soul and spirit nourishment

Non-physical environmental influences

Spirit-nurture: embodied spirit

Place-mood

Soul-nourishment: lessons from the past

Ensouling places: process aspects

Archetypal nourishment: nature-connection

Beauty: indulgent luxury or spirit necessity?

 

PART III PLACE: THE SETTING FOR EVERYDAY LIFE

6. Placemaking for people

Place: enclosure and activity

Shape, force and gesture

Spatial scale

Building scale

Repetition and identity

Life-formed space: thought-formed space

7. Place: identity, continuity and integrity

Place: identity and meaning

Form and style: function, meaning and effect

Localizing identity

Locating ourselves in time

Continuity issues: new and old

Design codes or form-generators?

8. Design for community

Cities: collections of buildings or social frameworks?

Community formation: a process

Town form: a community factor?

Community stability

Hierarchies of social scale

Public life: public places

Public-space in the motor-age

Filling places with life

Lingerability

Re-establishing vitality

Regeneration

9. Getting around cities

Traffic: urban lifeblood or stranglehold?

Parking dilemmas

Out-of-sight parking: above ground and below

Multi-mode travel

Cyclable cities

Walkable cities

10. Connectivity

Connectivity, walkability and community

Density

Space and privacy

11. Use, space and life

Mixed-use, mono-use and multi-use

Different uses: different relationships

Retail needs

Workplace needs

Residential needs

Child-friendly environment

Elder-friendly environment

12. Design for security

Crime, society and environment

Security by community

Burglar-proofing

Gating

Design for neighbourhood safety

Psychological measures: signals

Non-offensive defences

 

PART IV PROCESSES, DRIVERS AND OUTCOMES

13. Settlement form, space and life

Layout: lessons from history

Process-led settlement-formation

Attitude, values and space-formation

14. Design processes: how, by whom, how fast?

Place design: professional or participatory?

Consensus Design

Time stream

Time: cost and value

15. Economic vigour as process-driver and shaper

Place-improvement: an incremental process

Growth sequence

Growth-generators

16. The primary change-driver: money

Place improvement: how can it happen?

Enhancing location: meeting the needs of place

Places or buildings

Cost, price and value

Affordability

17. Sustainability and economics

Viability, profitability and ethics

Motives and consequences

Is sustainability economical?

Making the transition: how?

 

PART V LIVING WITH A CHANGING WORLD

18. Future climate: future issues

Global warming: unpredictable weather, unpredictable effects

Heat issues

Storm issues: hurricanes

Wet issues: floods

19. Design with the elements

Ecology: the elements and us

Matter

Water

Air

Warmth: energy or nutrient?

Elemental interactions

20. Ecological design: energy aspects

Power

Heat: produced, conserved and reused

Solar heat

Embodied energy

21. Cyclic systems

Cyclic, linear and life-energy flows

Aquatic cycles

The nutrient cycle

Solid waste

Money-flow

22. Habitat

Building longevity

Land consumption

Bio-habitat

23. Bio-climatic placemaking

Thermal environment, energy and wellbeing

Microclimate

Winds: their characteristics, disadvantages and advantages

Wind-protection

Life, space and climate

24. Design for demanding climates

Cold climates

Hot climates: minimizing heat-gain

Design for heat: dry or humid

Hot and cold combinations

Greened cities

25. Everything change: future-proofing

Design for the Future: resilience

Peak-oil: post-oil

Food security

Trauma or improvement?

26. Material applications: eco-towns, eco-projects and eco-regeneration

Eco-urbanism

Lessons from eco-towns

Eco-converting cities

 

27. New situation: new approaches

Consciousness-changing

Design and nature

 

28. Sustainability or sustenance?

Matter and spirit

Sustainability and sustenance

Illustration credits

Acknowledgments

Other books by Christopher Day:

About the Authors

Christopher Day is an eco-architect, self-builder and sculptor. He designs buildings in line with the ecological principles of his books and has won several awards. A former visiting professor at Queen’s University, Belfast, he has also designed, consulted, taught and lectured in over twenty countries across the world, from California to Siberia, Sweden to New Zealand: wide-ranging climates and cultures. He was awarded an MBE for his services to architecture and innovation in the 2016 Queen’s Birthday Honours list. His previous publications include Places of the Soul 3e, Consensus Design, Environment and Children and Spirit and Place, also available from Routledge.

Dr Gwilliam is a Senior Lecturer in Architecture at the Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, UK as well as Post Graduate Dean for the College of Physical Sciences and Engineering. For ten years she led the MSc in Theory and Practice of Sustainable Design and she continues to contribute to teaching on the subject of sustainability throughout the school, including the MA Urban Design.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
ARC000000
ARCHITECTURE / General
ARC008000
ARCHITECTURE / Landscape
ARC010000
ARCHITECTURE / Urban & Land Use Planning
ARC013000
ARCHITECTURE / Study & Teaching
ARC018000
ARCHITECTURE / Sustainability & Green Design