1st Edition

Living Legends and Full Agency Implications of Repealing the Combat Exclusion Policy

By G.L.A. Harris Copyright 2015
    358 Pages 35 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge



    This research and policy book examines the role of women in the military and the overwhelming evidence to date that warranted repealing the combat exclusion policy. It explores the following questions:

    1. How can the success of women in the military serve as justification for its repeal?
    2. What will be the potential impact of repealing the policy on the recruitment, promotion and retention of women in the military?
    3. How will repealing the combat exclusion policy change the ways in which military men relate to military women?
    4. How can repealing the policy set women on the course toward full agency and representation as full citizens in American society at large?

    Not only will this book help in filling the gaps of the existing literature of public administration and public policy about women in the military but it will provide the personal insights of women who have served under the combat exclusion policy.

    Introduction: Women and the Military
    The Opponents
    The Proponents
    Appendix 1

    Warriors to the Core

    The Beginning of the Revolution: The American Experience
    World War I
    World War II
    The Korean Conflict
    The Vietnam Conflict
    Operations Urgent Fury and Just Cause
    Operations Desert Shield/Storm
    Operation Enduring Freedom
    Operation Iraqi Freedom
    Operation New Dawn

    Marginalized, Yet Accountable: The Irrationality of the Combat Exclusion Policy

    The Enemy Within: Sex Crimes and the Evils of Asymmetry

    Taking Command: The Generals
    Major General Marcelite J Harris, US Air Force, Retired
    Brigadier General Wilma L Vaught, US Air Force, Retired

    Commanding the Air: The Aviators1
    Mrs Anna Flynn Monkiewicz, US Air Force 1
    Colonel Pamela Rodriguez, Army National Guard, Retired
    Dr Rita F Sumner, US Air Force 0
    Chief Warrant Officer 5, Trish Thompson, US Army, Retired
    Master Sergeant Judith Hatch, Air National Guard (ANG), Retired
    Sharron Frontiero Cohen, US Air Force

    Commanding the Sea: The Mariners
    Dr Darlene Iskra, US Navy, Retired
    Maria "Zoe" Dunning, US Navy, Retired
    Ms Rose Marie Jackson, Commander, US Navy, Retired
    Ms Yona Owens, US Navy

    Commanding the Land: The Soldiers
    Colonel Beverly "Sam" Stipe, US Army, Retired
    Command Sergeant Major Cynthia Pritchett, US Army, Retired
    Ms Sandra Intorre, US Army, Retired
    Mrs Tiffany Kravec-Kelly, US Army Reserve
    Sergeant Michelle Wilmot, US Army Reserve

    On Gender and Citizenship
    On Gender
    On Citizenship

    Repealing the Combat Exclusion Policy: Prospects for Implementation
    Air Force
    Decision Point 1
    Decision Point 2
    Decision Point 3
    Decision Point 4
    Decision Point 5
    Marine Corps
    US Special Operations Command

    Impact of the Combat Exclusion Policy on the Recruitment, Promotion, and Retention of Women in the Military
    Women in a Post-Combat Exclusion Environment: The Promise for Full Agency

    In Conclusion: The Revolution Continues!


    Tenured Associate Professor in the Mark O. Hatfield School of Government at Portland State University. She received her Ph.D. in Public Administration with concentration in Public Management from Rutgers University. Dr. Harris teaches in the M.P.A., M.P.A.: Health Administration and Ph.D. in Public Affairs and Policy programs. Her research encompasses the theme of equity as it relates to the military and the recruitment and retention patterns of certain segments of its population, civil rights and affirmative action, veterans’ rights and healthcare, and gender equity. Her work has appeared in such refereed journals as Public Administration Review, Administration and Society, Review of Public Personnel Administration, Journal of Military Studies, Public Integrity, the International Journal of Public Administration, Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, among others as well as a chapter in the book A 21st Century Approach to Teaching for Social Justice: Educating for Both Advocacy and Action. Most recently, she co-edited the book and authored a chapter Women of Color in Leadership: Taking Their Rightful Place and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Public Management and Social Policy, the Journal of Health and Human Services Administration and the Open Journal of Political Science.

    Dr. Harris’ appointment by the Provost of Portland State University as a member to the Veterans Advisory Committee where she also served as the principal investigator of an online survey for the collection of research data on the need for the development of resources for Portland State University students who considered themselves military veterans. This effort led to the first ever piloted project funded by the Oregon Department of Veterans Affairs for the establishment of a Student Veterans Service Office (SVSO) at Portland State University. This effort was also the first of its kind for any academic institution in the state of Oregon. Similarly, this effort served as the impetus for a similar task force by former Governor, Ted Kulongoski (D-Oregon) that resulted in the passing of Oregon House Bill (HB) 2178 to establish SVSOs at universities and colleges within the Oregon University System (OUS). HB 2178 in turn served as the prototype for the new federal GI Bill that created SVSOs on campuses across the United States to academic institutions of higher education that receive federal funding. Dr. Harris’ work with veterans also resulted in her appointment to former Governor Kulongoski’s Legislative Task Force on Women Veterans Healthcare. The task force concluded its work for the 2009-2010 period by submitting its findings and recommendations on improving the access and healthcare for women veterans in the state of Oregon.

    Most recently, Dr. Harris was installed at the American Society for Public Administration’s (ASPA) March 2011 annual national conference as Chair of the Section on Professional and Organizational Development (SPOD). She is a Fellow of the Inter-University Seminar (IUS) on Armed Forces and Society and a member of Women in the Military Services of America (WIMSA). Dr. Harris is also a senior field grade Commissioned Officer (Lieutenant Colonel) with the U.S. Air Force Reserve and formerly served on active duty in the U.S. Air Force.


    "This is historic, and no one has written about the topic and its implications, especially for gender equity. The resilience of these women who fought the odds is truly amazing; stories that warrant telling. Also, the data presented in the various tables provides a nice complement to the narrative, and the reference lists are very thorough. 

    The author provides an excellent overview of the implications of the combat exclusion policy and its affect not simply on equality, but on national defense… it is an amazing feat that the author was able to obtain interviews. Interviewing and storytelling strategies are extremely appropriate for research such as this, and the stories are fascinating… It is very innovative and insightful. This book addresses a major gap in the field." 
    Norma Riccucci, Distinguished Professor, Rutgers University, Newark

    "… G.L.A. Harris, PhD, does an excellent job cataloging our journey and giving specific examples of where we have been and where we have yet to go. Her work more than highlights the necessity for equal access and exposure being key to recruitment, retention, and promotion of women in today’s military if we are to have the same chance for promotion and opportunities as our male counterparts. The dedication and commitment she placed into birthing this work is evident. It should be mandatory reading for the leadership in our country."
    From the Foreword by Vernice "FlyGirl" Armour, Author, Speaker, Entrepreneur, America’s First African American Female Combat Pilot