1st Edition

Local Content Requirements Promises and Pitfalls

Edited By Lili Yan Ing, Gene Grossman Copyright 2024
    264 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    As anti-globalization and geopolitical tensions continue to rise, the use of local content requirements (LCRs) around the world has become more noticeable than ever before.

    The reasons for adopting LCRs range from ensuring domestic supply availability, job creation, and increasing value added to safeguarding national security. Ing and Grossman examine country-specific as well as firm-product level exercises to explain how LCRs reduce fair competition, resulting in lower trade and productivity, which ultimately lowers world economic output and overall human welfare. Countries around the world are investigated with specific attention to the US, China, Indonesia, and resource-intensive countries, including mining-intensive ones. The book also presents product- and firm-level analyses, answering the question of why countries adopted LCRs and how LCRs actually affect the world economy.

    This book is a useful resource that will interest policymakers, researchers, and advanced undergraduates interested in international trade, industrial policy, political economy, labour economics, and development economics.


    List of figures

    List of tables

    List of contributors


    1. Introduction
    Gene M. Grossman and Lili Yan Ing

    2. Localisation Measures: A Global Perspective
    Dorothee Flaig and Susan F. Stone

    3. Local Content Policies in the Mining Sector
    Jane Korinek and Paulo De Sa

    4. The Unintended Consequences of High Regional Content Requirements
    Keith Head, Thierry Mayer, and Marc Melitz

    5. Local Content Requirement Policies in China and Their Impacts on Domestic Value Added in Exports
    Kun Cai and Zhi Wang

    6. Indonesia’s Local Content Requirements with its Trade and Investment Commitments
    Michelle Limenta, Lili Yan Ing, Junianto James Losari, and Oscar Fernando

    7. The Effects of Local Content Requirements on Trade: The Case of Indonesia
    Yessi Vadila and David Christian

    8. Quantifying the Impacts of LCRs on Firms: Evidence from Indonesia
    Lili Yan Ing and Rui Zhang




    Lili Yan Ing is a lead advisor (Southeast Asia Region) at the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA). She also serves as secretary general of the International Economic Association (IEA).

    Gene M. Grossman is the Jacob Viner Professor of International Economics in the Department of Economics and the School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.