This book deals with the Second World War in Southeastern Europe from the perspective of conditions on the ground during the conflict. The focus is on the reshaping of ethnic and religious groups in wartime, on the "top-down" and "bottom-up" dynamics of mass violence, and on the local dimensions of the Holocaust. The approach breaks with the national narratives and "top-down" political and military histories that continue to be the predominant paradigms for the Second World War in this part of Europe.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors
List of maps
List of figures
Local Approaches to the Second World War in Southeastern Europe: An Introduction
Xavier Bougarel, Hannes Grandits, Marija Vulesica
PART I – GROUP-MAKING AS A PROCESS
Chapter 1 – Heirs of the Roman Empire? Aromanians and the Fascist Occupation of Greece (1941-1943)
Chapter 2 – "The Task of the Century:" Local Dimensions of the Policy of Forced Conversion in the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1942)
Chapter 3 – Forced Identities: The Use of the Category "Yugoslav" to Classify Inmates in the Mauthausen, Buchenwald and Dachau Nazi Concentration Camps (1941-1945)
PART II – LOCAL DYNAMICS OF VIOLENCE
Chapter 4 – Controlling Space and People: War, Territoriality and Population Engineering in Greece during the 1940s
Chapter 5 – Spatial and Temporal Logics of Violence: The Independent State of Croatia in the Districts of Glina and Vrginmost (April 1941-January 1942)
Chapter 6 – Dynamics of Unrestrained Violence: The Massacre of Distomo (10 June 1944)
PART III – LOCAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE HOLOCAUST
Chapter 7 – The Madding Clocks of Local Persecution: Anti-Jewish Policies under Bulgarian Occupation (1941-1943)
Chapter 8 – Resistance or Collaboration? The Greek Christian Elites of Thessaloniki facing the Holocaust (1941-1943)
Chapter 9 – Being a Jew in Zagreb in 1941: Life and Death of Lovoslav Schick
PART IV – EVERYDAY LIFE UNDER OCCUPATION
Chapter 10 – Escape into Normality: Entertainment and Propaganda in Belgrade during the Occupation (1941-1944)
(Re-)Scaling the Second World War: Regimes of Historicity and the Legacies of the Cold War in Europe
Xavier Bougarel is Researcher at the Centre d’études turques, ottomanes, balkaniques et centrasiatiques (CETOBaC), CNRS, Paris, France.
Hannes Grandits is Professor of Southeast European History, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
Marija Vulesica is Researcher at the Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung at the Technical University of Berlin, Germany.