Despite a centralized formal structure, Chinese politics and policy-making have long been marked by substantial degrees of regional and local variation and experimentation. These trends have, if anything, intensified as China’s reform matures. Though often remarked upon, the politicsof policy formation, diffusion, and implementation at the subnational level have not previously been comprehensively described, let alone satisfactorily explained.
Based on extensive fieldwork, this book explores how policies diffuse across China today, the mechanisms through which local governments actually arrive at specific solutions, and the implications for China’s political development and stability in the years ahead. The chapters examine how local-level institutions solve governance challenges, such as rural development, enterprise reform, and social service provision. Focusing on diverse policy areas that include land use, state-owned enterprise reform, and house churches, the contributors all address the same overarching question: how do local policymakers innovate in each issue area to address a governance challenges and how, if at all, do these innovations diffuse into national politics.
As a study of local governance in China today, this book will appeal to both students and scholars of Chinese politics, comparative politics, governance and development studies, and also to policy-makers interested in authoritarianism and governance.
Introduction: The Politics and Patterns of Policy Diffusion in China, Jessica C. Teets and William Hurst 1. Diffusion of Policy Defiance among Chinese Local Officials, Ciqi Mei and Margaret Pearson 2. Grassroots Reactions to Relocation: the Diffusion of Compensation Strategies, Anna Lora-Wainwright 3. Flying Land: Intergovernmental Cooperation in Local Economic Development in China, Meina Cai 4. Policy Diffusion in Corporate Restructuring: Case Studies of Local Government Interventions, Kun-Chin Lin and Shaofeng Chen 5. Grasping the Large and Releasing the Small: a Bottom-Up Perspective on Reform in a County-Level Enterprise, William Hurst 6. China’s Grassroots NGOs and the Local State: Catalysts for Policy Entrepreneurship, May Farid 7. Public Security Bureaus’ Containment Strategy toward Protestant House Churches, Marie-Eve Reny 8. Election Reform from the Middle and at the Margins, John James Kennedy and Dan Chen 9. Conclusion: Compliance, Resistance, Innovation and Involution: Assessing the Mechanisms of Policy Diffusion, William Hurst and Jessica C. Teets
"This edited volume makes a significant contribution to a burgeoning literature on sub-national policy experimentation and diffusion in China. Bringing together nine rich and varied case studies, the volume sets out to more systematically theorize the pathways and processes of local policy innovation and diffusion, important for their potential to effect large-scale change." - Stephen Trott, Pacific Affairs: Volume 89, No. 3 – September 2016
"The book provides an insightful theoretical framework for explaining and understanding the politics of policy formulation and implementation at the subnational level in China." - Dr. Lisheng Dong, University of Glasgow, Journal of Chinese Political Science (JCPS)