This volume examines the persistence of poverty - both rural and urban - in developing countries, and the response of local governments to the problem, exploring the roles of governments, NGOs, and CSOs in national and sub-national agenda-setting, policy-making, and poverty-reduction strategies. It brings together a rich variety of in-depth country and international studies, based on a combination of original data-collection and extensive research experience in developing countries. Taking a bottom-up and multi-dimensional perspective of poverty and well-being as the starting point, the authors develop a convincing set of arguments for putting the priorities of poor people first on any development agenda, thus carving out an undisputable role for local governance in interplay with higher-up governance actors and institutions.
1. Introduction Nicky Pouw and Isa Baud Part I: Researching Well-Being 2. Well-Being in Theory and Practice Nicky Pouw and Briana Gilmore 3. Moving Out of Poverty Deepa Narayan Part II: Rural Poverty, Priorities and Governance Responses 4. Poverty and Asset Accumulation among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda Nicky Pouw 5. Food Security Management, Aid and Governance Michiel Keyzer and Lia van Wesenbeeck 6. Governance for Non-Timber Forest Products Mirjam Ros-Tonen and Koen Kusters 7. Governance, Poverty and Social Justice in the Coastal Fisheries of India Maarten Bavinck Part III: Urban Poverty, Citizenship and Democracy 8. Mapping Urban Poverty for Local Governance in India Isa Baud, N. Sridharan and Karin Pfeffer 9. Negotiated Spaces for Representation in Mumbai Isa Baud and Navtej Nainan 10. Citizenship, Local Governance and Democracy Michaela Hordijk Part IV: The Role of Local and National Institutions 11. Participatory Assessment of Development in Africa Ton Dietz 12. Economic Governance by the Private and Public Sector Maarten Brouwer and Sabine Blokhuis