The concept of integrating pain management into the surgical process as a single entity is new and exciting. The use of local anaesthetic to block post-operative pain at the site of its generation is here refined into a management program allowing early mobilisation and dramatic pain control in the early post-operative period. This multimodal techn
How It All Started. Physiology and Anatomy. Local Infiltration Analgesia. Safety Issues. Outcomes. Thrombophylaxis and Local Infiltration Analgesia. Infection and Local Infiltration Analgesia. Local Infiltration Analgesia for Lumbar Spine Surgery. Postoperative Care. Implementation - Making It Work. Appendixes.