Prisons and imprisonment have become a commonplace topic in popular culture as the setting and rationale for fiction and documentaries and most people seem to have a clear notion of what it is like in prison, ranging from the idea of the prison cell as a cosy nook with fast internet access to that of a dungeon with a hard bed and a diet of bread and water. But what is prison really like? Do prisoners have the same rights as everyone else? What are the similarities and differences between prisons in different European countries?
This book answers all of these questions, whilst also presenting cutting-edge research on the living conditions of long-term prisoners in Europe and considering whether these conditions meet international human rights standards. Bringing together leading experts in the field, with comprehensive coverage of the issues in Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Spain and Sweden, this book offers the first comparative study on the subject.
Whereas past research in this area has concentrated on the Anglo-American experience, this book offers a truly comparative European approach and pays due attention to the differences in prison systems between the post-Soviet countries and continental Europe. This book will be key reading for academics and students of criminology, criminal justice and penology and will also be of interest to students and practitioners of law.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction, Kirstin Drenkhahn, Manuela Dudeck and Frieder Dünkel 2. Research on Long-Term Imprisonment to Date, Kirstin Drenkhahn 3. Methodology, Kirstin Drenkhahn 4. International Rules Concerning Long-Term Prisoners, Kirstin Drenkhahn 5. Activities of the ECtHR and the CPT, Kirstin Drenkhahn 6. Long-Term Imprisonment in the Participating Countries (National reports) 6.1 Belgium, Sonja Snacken 6.2 Croatia, Velinka Grozdanić, Ute Karlavaris-Bremer and Dalida Rittossa 6.3 Denmark, Anette Storgaard 6.4 England and Wales, Fabienne Emmerich and Dirk van Zyl Smit 6.5 Finland, Tapio Lappi-Seppälä 6.6 France, Pascal Décarpes 6.7 Germany, Kirstin Drenkhahn 6.8 Lithuania, Gintautas Sakalauskas 6.9 Poland, Barbara Stańdo-Kawecka 6.10 Spain, Esther Giménez-Salinas i Colomer, Aida C. Rodríguez 6.11 Sweden, Annalena Yngborn 7. Findings of the Empirical Study , Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.1 Accommodation, Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.2 Sentence Planning, Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.3 Health Care, Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.4 Psychiatric Problems, Manuela Dudeck 7.5 Work and Education, Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.6 Leisure Time, Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.7 Treatment Programmes, Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.8 Personal Contacts within the Institution, Security and Conflict Management, Kirstin Drenkhahn 7.9 Personal Contacts with the Outside World and Preparation for Release, Kirstin Drenkhahn 8. Conclusion, Kirstin Drenkhahn, Manuela Dudeck and Frieder Dünkel.
Kirstin Drenkhahn is a lawyer. Prior to her current position as assistant professor for criminal law and criminology at Law School of the Freie Universität Berlin, she worked as a research associate at the Departments of Criminology and of Criminal Law and Procedure at the Law School of the University of Greifswald. She teaches criminology and criminal law and is a co-chair of the European Society of Criminology’s Working Group on Prison Life & Effects of Imprisonment. Her research focuses on prison law, penology and empirical prison research. She was the scientific coordinator of the project on ‘Long-term Imprisonment and the Issue of Human Rights in Member States of the European Union’.
Manuela Dudeck is a medical doctor and psychiatrist. She is full professor of forensic psychiatry at the University of Ulm and the chief physician of the Clinic for Forensic Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the Bezirkskrankenhaus Günzburg in Germany. Prior to this she worked at the Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy of the University of Greifswald. She specializes in forensic psychiatry, regularly serves as an expert witness in German courts and also teaches courses in psychiatry and psychotherapy for students of medicine and psychology. Her research focuses on mental disorders in persons detained in prison and psychiatric institutions. She was responsible for the study of the mental health of prisoners in the project on long-term imprisonment.
Frieder Dünkel is a full professor at the Law School of the University of Greifswald and holds the Chair of Criminology there. He teaches prison law, criminal law and procedure and juvenile justice, as well as criminology, and is the director of the LL.M. programme in Criminology and Criminal Justice. He regularly serves as an expert witness for prison law and juvenile justice both nationally and internationally, in particular at the Council of Europe. He has undertaken research on various aspects of imprisonment throughout his career. During recent years, he has supervised three research projects on human rights issues in prison, the most recent of which was the project on long-term imprisonment.
‘A comprehensive and authoritative account of what prison is like in eleven European countries, Long-Term Imprisonment makes an important and timely contribution to an emerging body of literature on prisons and human rights... An invaluable resource for academics, students, lawyers, policy makers and concerned citizens alike.’ - Sharon Shalev, Research Associate, Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford, UK
‘This is a groundbreaking book illustrating the value and importance of international comparative research. It deals with an extremely important, but largely understudied topic: the living conditions of long-term prisoners in European nations. By presenting results of over 1,000 interviews with prisoners from 36 penal institutions in 11 European countries, it offers a unique comparative empirical study on this issue. The findings will encourage further discussion about prisoners’ rights and the conditions of confinement in European prisons.’ - Anja Dirkzwager, Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
‘This book is a rare, large-scale, cross-nationally comparative study on long-term imprisonment in a variety of European countries. It provides unique insight into the conditions of confinement of long-term prisoners and illustrates "good" and "bad" prison practices. The book is a must-have for criminologists, policymakers, academics and anyone interested in prisoners' rights and prison conditions from a European perspective.’ - Paul Nieuwbeerta, Department of Criminology, Leiden University, The Netherlands