Life is characterised by movement, change and development, including transitions, losses and grief. People experiencing loss must learn to accommodate it and, sometimes, relearn new roles. Whether the offender is accommodating general loss (such as transition), the loss of others or facing their own impending death, the bereavement process can become a particularly complicated experience for those involved in the criminal justice system.
Criminal offenders may be excluded from participating in grief rituals and may receive few explicit opportunities to talk about a loss they’ve experienced, sometimes resulting in disenfranchised grief. Informing thinking around assessment, care, and support procedures, this volume seeks to bring together a range of perspectives from different disciplines on crucial issues surrounding the impact of loss, death, dying and bereavement for criminal offenders. The book will explore inherent challenges and responses to the criminal justice system by considering to what extent offenders’ loss, death, dying and bereavement experiences have been - or should be - recognised in policy and practice. The first section considers theoretical approaches to loss; the next section translates these issues using professional perspectives to explore practical applications; and the final section introduces an offender perspective.
Through identifying challenges and consolidating evidence, this multidisciplinary book will interest researchers interested in loss and bereavement in vulnerable communities, concepts of disenfranchised grief, end-of-life care and mental healthcare in the criminal justice system.
Table of Contents
SECTION I: Appreciating dimensions of loss, death, dying and bereavement
1. Disenfranchised communities. Sue Read
2. Death, dying and maintaining hope: ethical tensions and responsibilities in the prison setting. Anthony Wrigley
3. ‘Sympathy to the offender’: The Hobbesian account and the sympathy to the offender as an issue in end of life care PART A. Sue Read, Sotirios Santatzoglou.
4. Loss at the end of life: Palliative care in prisons. Kate Lillie
5. Deaths in sites of state confinement: A continuum of routine violence and terror. Bree Carlton, Joe Sim and Steve Tombs
6. Civil and social death: Criminalisation and the loss of the self. Andrew Henley
SECTION II: Professional development of bereavement and end of life practice.
7. Bereavement and loss at the sentencing stage. Martin Wasik
8. Criminal justice context and voluntary bereavement support. Mary S Corcoran
9. ‘Sympathy to the offender’: The Hobbesian account and the sympathy to the offender as an issue in end of life care PART B. Sue Read, Sotirios Santatzoglou.
10. Working in the shadows: Reflections on counselling in prison and hospice settings. Alison Soulsby
11. The Evolution of Change: Factors involved in the design and delivery of a therapeutic service within the confines of a custodial setting. David Pitt, Lisa Thomson
12. Offenders and the challenges of palliative care in the community setting. Steve Cartwright
SECTION III: Insights to inform reflections for ongoing support
13. Sorrow, loss and the transition of chronic disease to end of life care in prisons. Sue Ashby
14. The impact of loss on mental health: Implications for practice. Alexis Warrilow
15. Mourning in custody: Dealing with sudden death. Jane Jervis
16. Freedom to grieve: a child and parent perspective. Gill Clifford, Kevin Benson
17. Beyond loss of liberty: How loss, bereavement and grief can affect young men’s prison journeys. Nina Vaswani.
18. Grief, chaplaincy and the non-religious prisoner. Katie Hunt, Sue Read
Sue Read of Professor of Learning Disability Nursing and Chair of the Palliative and End of Life Care Research Group at Keele University, UK.
Sotirios Santatzoglou is Teaching Fellow in Law at Keele University, UK.
Anthony Wrigley is Senior Lecturer in Ethics at Keele University’s Centre for Professional Ethics, UK.