Low-Temperature Behaviour of Elastomers: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Low-Temperature Behaviour of Elastomers

1st Edition

By Bukhina, Kurlyand

CRC Press

188 pages

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Hardback: 9789004157200
pub: 2007-11-01
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pub: 2007-11-01
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Description

This book focuses on the effect the composition of rubbers and the conditions of their processing have on low-temperature resistance. It considers the nature and development of two physical processes, glass transition and crystallization, determining low-temperature behavior of elastomers. The book addresses the effects of deformation, pressure, and temperature on these processes. It discusses the contribution of different factors in frost-resistance of elastomeric materials and articles and the possibility of increasing frost-resistance by optimization of composition and design.

Table of Contents

Glass transition of elastomers

Methods of glass-transition temperature determination

Modern views of glass transition

Effect of the molecular parameters of rubbers and the composition of rubber compounds on glass-transition temperature

Effect of a mechanical action on glass-transition temperature

Mechanical properties of elastomers near the glass transition temperature

Mechanical properties in the region of transition from the rubberlike to the glassy state

Mechanical properties at temperatures below glass-transition temperature

Crystallization of elastomers at low temperatures

Methods of crystallization studies

Modern views of crystallization

Effect of mechanical action and other factors on crystallization

Effect of the molecular parameters of rubbers and the composition of rubber compounds on crystallization

Microcrystallization

Prediction of the crystallization rate

Stress-induced crystallization of elastomers

Kinetics of stress-induced crystallization

Morphology in stress-induced crystallization

Melting of oriented elastomers

Effect of the molecular parameters of rubbers and the composition of rubber compounds on stress-induced crystallization

Strength properties of elastomers at low temperatures

Strength of amorphous elastomers at low temperatures

Strength of crystallizable elastomers

Contribution of crystallization and glass transition to low-temperature resistance of elastomers

Mutual interaction of crystallization and glass transition

The ratio of the contributions by crystallization and glass transition to the low-temperature resistance of elastomers

Low-temperature resistance of rubber articles

Effect of repeated exposure to low temperatures on the performance of rubber articles

Low-temperature resistance specifics of particular elastomers

Styrene-butadiene rubbers

Butadiene acrylonitrile rubbers

Isoprene rubbers

Butadiene rubbers

Chloroprene rubbers

Butyl rubber

Silicon rubbers

Urethane rubbers

Thiocol rubbers

Fluoroelastomers

Acrylate rubbers

Ethylene-propylene rubbers

Epoxide rubbers

Polypentenomers

Alternating rubbers

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers