Low-Volume Road Engineering: Design, Construction, and Maintenance, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Low-Volume Road Engineering

Design, Construction, and Maintenance, 1st Edition

By Robert A. Douglas

CRC Press

326 pages | 118 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2017-07-26
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Description

"Everything that sustains us – grown, mined, or drilled – begins its journey to us on a low-volume road (Long)." Defined as roads with traffic volumes of no more than 400 vehicles per day, they have enormous impacts on economies, communication, and social interaction. Low-volume roads comprise, at one end of the spectrum, farm-to-market roads, roads in developing countries, northern roads, roads on aboriginal lands and parklands; and at the other end of the spectrum, heavy haul roads for mining, oil and gas, oil sands extraction, and forestry.

Low-Volume Road Engineering: Design, Construction, and Maintenance gives an international perspective to the engineering design of low-volume roads and their construction and maintenance. It is a single reference drawing from the dispersed literature. It lays out the basic principles of each topic, from road location and geometric design, pavement design, slope stability and erosion control, through construction to maintenance, then refers the reader to more comprehensive treatment elsewhere. Wherever possible, comparisons are made between the standard specifications and practices existing in the US, Canada, the UK, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Topics covered include the following:

  • Road classification, location, and geometric design
  • Pavement concepts, materials, and thickness design
  • Drainage, erosion and sediment control, and watercrossings
  • Slope stability
  • Geosynthetics
  • Road construction, maintenance, and maintenance management

Low-Volume Road Engineering: Design, Construction, and Maintenance is a valuable reference for engineers, planners, designers and project managers in consulting firms, contracting firms and NGOs. It also is an essential reference in support of university courses on transportation engineering and planning, and on mining, oil and gas, and forestry infrastructure.

Reviews

"A useful source of information for designing, building and maintaining roads, many of which may be constructed in rural areas in developing nations."

World Highways, August 2016

"This book treats low-volume roads in the broader context of transport connectivity and logistics, emphasizing the quintessential role such roads have in improving access and mobility, especially in rural areas… There is no recent book in the market that is comparable to this text."

—Asif Faiz, Former World Bank Highways Adviser, USA

"It is simple yet informative and makes the reader interested in the topic. [A] well-written book."

—Anand Puppala, The University of Texas at Arlington, USA

"I like the approach and the selection of topics, which presents technical but also philosophical contents. … intrigued me enough to want to have this book on my shelf."

—Filippo Giammaria Pratico, University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, Italy

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Introduction to Low-Volume Roads

Significance of Low-Volume Roads

Definition of a Low-Volume Road

Design Environments

Approaching the Subject of LVR

References

ROAD DESIGN

Road Location

Definitions

A Philosophical Exercise

Road Location Considerations

A Paradox

Road Location Process

How Much of the Full Process Is Actually Carried Out?

Strategies

Water Crossings

Degree of Horizontal Curvature

Recommended Gradients

Computer Assistance

References

Road Classification

Introduction

The U.S. System

The Canadian System

The UK System

The South African System

The Australian System

A Novel System

References

Geometric Design

Introduction

Design Vehicles and the Geometric Design of Haul Roads

Stopping Sight Distance

Coefficient of Side Friction

Maximum Superelevation

Horizontal Curves

Spiral Transition Curves

Lateral Clearance and Cleared Right of Way Width

Railway Crossings at Grade

Minimum Gradient

Maximum Gradient

Critical Length of Grade

Crest Vertical Curves

Sag Vertical Curves

Cross-Sectional Elements

One-Lane, Two-Way Roads

General Controls

References

Pavement Concepts

Introduction

Purposes of Pavements

Road Cross Section Components

Pavement Structures

Pavement Load-Carrying Mechanisms

Pavement Materials

Introduction

Phase Diagram

Soil Tests

Soil Classification

Tests of Aggregates

Specification of Aggregates

Subgrade Soil Stabilization Materials

Asphalt Cement

Chip Seals

Asphalt Concrete

Roller-Compacted Concrete

References

Pavement Design

Introduction

Inputs to Pavement Design

Other Considerations

Types of Pavement Design Methods

Selected Pavement Design Methods

U.S. Mechanistic-Empirical Design Method

Heavy-Duty Pavement Design for Haul Roads

References

Drainage

Introduction

Surface Drainage

Internal Drainage

Frost

Permafrost

Pumping and Potholes

References

Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control

Soil Erosion Process

Which Is Preferable, Erosion Control or Sedimentation Control?

Erosion Control

Sedimentation Control

Follow-Up

References

Watercourse Crossings

Introduction

Hydrology

Fords and Low-Water Crossings

Culverts

Bridges

Crossing Wetlands

Watercourse Crossing Location

References

Slope Stability

Plane Translational Failures

Circular Failures, Φu = 0 Methods of Slices Bishop’s Modified Method of Slices Software Selection of Method Remedial Action Other Types of Slope Failures References

Geosynthetics

Background

Functions

Geosynthetic Types and Manufacture

Geosynthetic Materials

Tests

Designs

References

ROAD CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE

Road Construction

Introduction

Planning

Budgeting and Programming

Contractual Arrangements

Forms of Contract

Risk

Insurance and Bonds

Partnering

Contract Specifications

Payment Certificates

Earthwork Volume Calculations

Construction Sequence

Equipment

Compaction

Construction in Labor-Intensive Environments

References

Road Maintenance

Introduction

Maintenance Administration and Planning

Concrete Pavements

Asphalt Pavements

Surface-Treated Pavements

Gravel- and Earth-Surfaced Roads

Maintenance Equipment

References

Pavement Maintenance and Rehabilitation Management

Priority Planning and Programming

Costs and Benefits

Management at the Network and Project Levels

Pavement Outputs

Referencing Segments

An Appropriate Pavement Maintenance and Rehabilitation Management System (PMS) for LVR

Capturing the Current Condition of the Pavement Network

Modeling the Future Condition of the Pavement Network

Selecting the Maintenance or Rehabilitation Treatment

Putting It All Together

Managing Resource Access Roads

References

About the Author

Robert Douglas has over thirty five years' experience in low-volume road engineering consulting, teaching and research. He has been a senior geotechnical engineer with an international consulting firm, and on the academic staff of forest engineering programs at the University of New Brunswick, Canada and at the National School of Forestry at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL002000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / City Planning & Urban Development
TEC005000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General
TEC009160
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Transport