1st Edition

MCQs for the FRCS(Urol) and Postgraduate Urology Examinations

    The aim of this book is to provide a selection of representative MCQs together with a detailed explanation of each answer covering the topic in depth. Each chapter has been written by experienced Urological surgeons who have already been successful in passing the examination.

    The scope of this book will be an invaluable addition to individuals sitting the FEBU and similar exams in the USA, Australia and Asian countries. Established consultants may also find the text useful as a ‘refresher’ in areas outside their subspecialist interest.




    1. Anatomy and Embryology

    Ali Tasleem and Adam Alleemudder

    2. Renal Pathophysiology

    Herman S. Fernando, Mohamed Yehia Abdallah and Iqbal S. Shergill

    3. Basic Science and Molecular Oncology

    Paul Cleaveland, Vijay Sangar and Noel Clarke

    4. Statistics, Research and Governance

    Hamid Abboudi, Erik Mayer and Justin Vale

    5. Imaging and Principles of Uro-Radiology

    Anuj Goyal, Beth Hickerton and Rebecca Tregunna

    6. Prostate Cancer

    Simon R. J. Bott and Amr Emara

    7. Bladder Cancer

    Vineet Agrawal, Lyndon Gommersall and David Mak

    8. Renal Cancer

    Nilay Patel (deceased), David Cranston and Vinodh Murali

    9. Testicular Cancer

    Nkwam Nkwam, Chitranjan J. Shukla, David A. Manson-Bahr, Taimur T. Shah and Farooq Khan

    10. Penile Cancer

    Hussain M. Alnajjar and Asif Muneer

    11. Andrology

    Rozh Jalil and Jas Kalsi

    12. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS)

    Hamid Abboudi, Jas Kalsi and Tev Aho

    13. Female and Functional Urology

    Angela Cottrell and Hashim Hashim

    14. Urological Trauma

    Davendra M. Sharma, Sanjay Agarwal and Shyam Matenhalia

    15. Neurourology

    Tina Rashid and Rizwan Hamid

    16. Urolithiasis

    Thomas Johnston, James Armitage and Oliver Wiseman

    17. Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

    Nish Bedi, Ali Omar and Jas Kalsi

    18. Paediatric Urology

    Jemma Hale and Arash K. Taghizadeh



    Manit Arya FRCS, MD(Res), FRCS(Urol)

    Manit Arya is a Consultant Urological Surgeon at University College Hospital, London and The Princess Alexandra Hospital, Harlow. His research interests include investigating the molecular basis of prostate cancer – he has been awarded a MD Higher Research degree from the University of London in this field. He has published extensively throughout the Urology literature particularly in the field of prostate cancer - he is an editor of 10 textbooks and has published approximately 150 articles in peer-reviewed journals. He is a Principal Investigator of several National Clinical Trials involving focal therapies (cryotherapy and HIFU) for prostate cancer.

    Taimur T. Shah, MBBS, BSc (Hons), FRCS (Urol)

    Taimur Shah is a final year trainee in London who has a sub-specialist interest in imaging, focal and radical therapy for prostate cancer and is involved in clinical trials for primary, metastatic and radio-recurrent prostate cancer. He is a member of the Imperial Prostate (IP) research group at Imperial College London (ICL) and also vice chair of the British Urology Researchers in Surgical Training (BURST) research collaborative.

    Herman S. Fernando, MBBS, MS, DNB, MRCSEd, MD, FRCS(Urol), FEBU

    Herman Fernando is a Consultant Urological Surgeon at University Hospital of North Midlands NHS Trust & a Honorary Clinical Lecturer at Keele University. He undertook a period of research in Cardiff University. He is actively involved in teaching, assessments, standard setting and examinations for various regional and national institutions (Royal College & GMC). His main clinical areas of interest are Robotic/ Laparoscopic Upper Tract Oncology and Stone Diseases.

    Jas S. Kalsi BSc(Hons), MRCS(Eng), FRCS(Urol)

    Jas Kalsi is a Consultant Urological Surgeon and Andrologist at Imperial College in London and at Frimley Health in Surrey and Berkshire. He runs a regional andrology service based at Charing Cross Hospital and at Wexham Park. He is currently a clinic lead and Clinical governance lead at Wexham Park and Heatherwood Hospitals. He is actively involved in education and is a national trainer for Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the UK. He is has been a Foundation Training Programme director and educational supervisor for 5 years for the Oxford Deanery. He is a member of the urology STC in North Thames. He is on the Trust patient safety and consent committee and has a commitment to patient safety and governance. His main clinical interests include andrology (Peyronie’s disease, Male factor infertility and severe ED) and the management of large and complex prostate including HoLEP surgery.

    Iqbal S. Shergill BSc (Hons), MRCS, FRCS(Urol), FEBU

    Iqbal Shergill is a Consultant Urological Surgeon in Wrexham Maelor Hospital, Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, Wales, Honorary Senior Lecturer in Manchester Medical School, The University of Manchester, Honorary Senior Lecturer in Division of Biological Sciences, University of Chester, Honorary Senior Lecturer in Division of Medical Sciences, Bangor University and Honorary Clinical Teacher in Cardiff University School of Medicine, Wales. He has an active interest in teaching, education and research. Currently, he is an Assigned Educational Supervisor for Urology trainees, Lecturer on Core Urology Course, Panellist at National Selection for Urology Training and Course Director of Rapid Revision Course for FRCS (Urol). He is also on the Executive Committee for Academic Urology (BAUS) and Clinical Director at the North Wales and North West Urological Research Centre.

    Asif Muneer BSc(Hons), MB, MD, FRCSEd, FRCS(Urol)

    Asif Muneer is a Consultant Urological Surgeon and Andrologist based at University College London Hospital, UK. Having completed his higher degree (MD) at UCL he went on to higher surgical training in Oxford. He has published widely on all aspects of urology with main interest in andrology and has also edited Textbook of Penile Cancer, Atlas of Male Genitourethral Surgery and Prosthetic Surgery in Urology. He has lectured both nationally and internationally and is the President of the British Society for Sexual Medicine and the Chair of the BAUS Section of Andrology.

    Professor Hashim U. Ahmed, FRCS(Urol), PhD, BM, BCh, MA

    Hashim Ahmed is Chair of Urology at Imperial College London. Hashim is an internationally renowned expert in prostate cancer diagnosis, imaging and biopsy as well as minimally invasive therapies for prostate cancer. He has taught dozens of surgeons in these techniques in the UK and around the world and given numerous invited international lectures in this area as well as Visiting Professor in a number of institutions. He majors in methodological research in imaging and surgical methods and has an extensive research portfolio with about £6M in grant income as a principal applicant and co-applicant to a research programme of approximately £14M. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed papers in areas that have led to key changes in the way we diagnose and treat men with localised prostate cancer