Machining Technology : Machine Tools and Operations book cover
1st Edition

Machining Technology
Machine Tools and Operations

ISBN 9781420043396
Published April 23, 2008 by CRC Press
672 Pages 2 Color & 593 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Offering complete coverage of the technologies, machine tools, and operations of a wide range of machining processes, Machining Technology presents the essential principles of machining and then examines traditional and nontraditional machining methods. Available for the first time in one easy-to-use resource, the book elucidates the fundamentals, basic elements, and operations of the general purpose machine tools used for the production of cylindrical and flat surfaces by turning, drilling and reaming, shaping and planing, milling, boring, broaching, and abrasive processes.

Table of Contents

Machining Technology

History of Machine Tools
Basic Motions in Machine Tools
Aspects of Machining Technology
Review Questions

Basic Elements and Mechanisms of Machine Tools

Machine Tool Structures
Machine Tool Guideways
Machine Tool Spindles
Machine Tool Drives
Planetary Transmission
Machine Tool Motors
Reversing Mechanisms
Couplings, Clutches, and Brakes
Reciprocating Mechanisms
Material Selection and Heat Treatment of Machine Tool Components
Testing of Machine Tools
Maintenance of Machine Tools
Review Questions

General Purpose Machine Tools

Lathe Machines and Operations
Drilling Machines and Operations
Milling Machines and Operations
Shapers, Planers, and Slotters and their Operations 
Boring Machines and Operations
Broaching Machines and Operations
Abrasive Machines and Operations
Review Questions

Thread Cutting

Thread Cutting
Thread Grinding
Review Questions
Gear Cutting Machines and Operations
Forming and Generating Methods in Gear Cutting
Selection of Gear Cutting Method
Gear Finishing Operations
Review Questions

Turret and Capstan Lathes

Difference Between Capstan and Turret Lathes
Selection and Applications of Capstan and Turret Lathes
Principal Elements
Turret Tooling Setups
Review Questions
Automated Lathes
Degree of Automation and Production Capacity
Classification of Automated Lathes
Semiautomatic Lathes
Full-Automatic Lathes
Design and Layout of Cams for Full-Automatics
Review Questions and Problems
NC and CNC Technology
Coordinate System
Machine Movements in NC Systems
Control of NC Machine
Components of NC Machine Tools
Tooling for NC Machine Tools
Types of NC Machines
Input Units
Forms of NC Instructions
Program Format
Feed and Spindle Speed Coding
Features of NC Systems
Part Programming
Programming Machining Centers
Programming Turning Centers
Computer Assisted Part Programming
CAD-CAM Approach to Part Programming.
Review Questions

Hexapod Machine Tools

Historical Background
Hexapod Mechanisms and Design Features
Hexapod Constructional Elements
Hexapod Characteristics
Manufacturing Applications
Review Questions
Machine Tool Dynamometry
Design Features and Requirements
Dynamometers Based on Displacement Measurements
Dynamometers based on Strain Measurements
Piezoelectric (Quartz) Dynamometers
Review Questions

Non-Traditional Machine Tools and Operations

Classification of Non-Traditional Machining Processes
Jet Machines and Operations
Ultrasonic Machining Equipment and Operations
Chemical Machining
Electrochemical Machines and Operations
Electrochemical Grinding Machines and Operations
Electrical Discharge Machines and Operations
Electron Beam Machining Equipment and Operations
Laser Beam Machining Equipment and Operations
Plasma Arc Cutting Systems and Operations
Review Questions
Environmental Friendly Machine Tools and Operations
Traditional Machining Processes
Nontraditional Machining Processes
Review Questions
Design for Machining
Design for Machining
Design for Machining by Cutting
Design for Grinding
Design for Finishing Processes
Design for Chemical and Electrochemical Machining
Design for Thermal Machining
Design for USM
Design for Abrasive Jet Machining
Review Questions

Accuracy and Surface Integrity Realized by Machining Processes

Surface Texture
Surface Quality and Functional Properties
Surface Integrity
Surface Effects by Traditional Machining
Surface Effects by Nontraditional Machining
Reducing Distortion and Surface Effects in Machining
Review Questions
Automated Manufacturing Systems
Manufacturing Systems
Flexible Automation-Flexible Manufacturing Systems
Computer Integrated Manufacturing
Lean Production-JIT Manufacturing Systems
Adaptive Control
Smart Manufacturing and Artificial Intelligence
Factory of Future
Concluding Remarks Related to Automated Manufacturing
Review Questions
Subject Index

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"This work is useful for students who want to learn about machine tools and machining and who want to become machinists or instrument makers.  Recommended."
A.M. Strauss, Vanderbilt University, CHOICE, Oct. 2008, Vol. 46, No.2

"…describes the fundamentals of processes, their capabilities, typical applications, advantages and limitations. … a useful reference for students at technical colleges, mechanical, manufacturing, industrial and materials engineers, professionals in related industries with manufacturing technology."
—Int. J. Machining and Machinability of Materials, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2013