1st Edition

Machining Technology Machine Tools and Operations

By Helmi A. Youssef, Hassan El-Hofy Copyright 2008
    670 Pages 2 Color & 593 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Offering complete coverage of the technologies, machine tools, and operations of a wide range of machining processes, Machining Technology presents the essential principles of machining and then examines traditional and nontraditional machining methods. Available for the first time in one easy-to-use resource, the book elucidates the fundamentals, basic elements, and operations of the general purpose machine tools used for the production of cylindrical and flat surfaces by turning, drilling and reaming, shaping and planing, milling, boring, broaching, and abrasive processes.

    Machining Technology

    History of Machine Tools
    Basic Motions in Machine Tools
    Aspects of Machining Technology
    Review Questions

    Basic Elements and Mechanisms of Machine Tools

    Machine Tool Structures
    Machine Tool Guideways
    Machine Tool Spindles
    Machine Tool Drives
    Planetary Transmission
    Machine Tool Motors
    Reversing Mechanisms
    Couplings, Clutches, and Brakes
    Reciprocating Mechanisms
    Material Selection and Heat Treatment of Machine Tool Components
    Testing of Machine Tools
    Maintenance of Machine Tools
    Review Questions

    General Purpose Machine Tools

    Lathe Machines and Operations
    Drilling Machines and Operations
    Milling Machines and Operations
    Shapers, Planers, and Slotters and their Operations 
    Boring Machines and Operations
    Broaching Machines and Operations
    Abrasive Machines and Operations
    Review Questions

    Thread Cutting

    Thread Cutting
    Thread Grinding
    Review Questions
    Gear Cutting Machines and Operations
    Forming and Generating Methods in Gear Cutting
    Selection of Gear Cutting Method
    Gear Finishing Operations
    Review Questions

    Turret and Capstan Lathes

    Difference Between Capstan and Turret Lathes
    Selection and Applications of Capstan and Turret Lathes
    Principal Elements
    Turret Tooling Setups
    Review Questions
    Automated Lathes
    Degree of Automation and Production Capacity
    Classification of Automated Lathes
    Semiautomatic Lathes
    Full-Automatic Lathes
    Design and Layout of Cams for Full-Automatics
    Review Questions and Problems
    NC and CNC Technology
    Coordinate System
    Machine Movements in NC Systems
    Control of NC Machine
    Components of NC Machine Tools
    Tooling for NC Machine Tools
    Types of NC Machines
    Input Units
    Forms of NC Instructions
    Program Format
    Feed and Spindle Speed Coding
    Features of NC Systems
    Part Programming
    Programming Machining Centers
    Programming Turning Centers
    Computer Assisted Part Programming
    CAD-CAM Approach to Part Programming.
    Review Questions

    Hexapod Machine Tools

    Historical Background
    Hexapod Mechanisms and Design Features
    Hexapod Constructional Elements
    Hexapod Characteristics
    Manufacturing Applications
    Review Questions
    Machine Tool Dynamometry
    Design Features and Requirements
    Dynamometers Based on Displacement Measurements
    Dynamometers based on Strain Measurements
    Piezoelectric (Quartz) Dynamometers
    Review Questions

    Non-Traditional Machine Tools and Operations

    Classification of Non-Traditional Machining Processes
    Jet Machines and Operations
    Ultrasonic Machining Equipment and Operations
    Chemical Machining
    Electrochemical Machines and Operations
    Electrochemical Grinding Machines and Operations
    Electrical Discharge Machines and Operations
    Electron Beam Machining Equipment and Operations
    Laser Beam Machining Equipment and Operations
    Plasma Arc Cutting Systems and Operations
    Review Questions
    Environmental Friendly Machine Tools and Operations
    Traditional Machining Processes
    Nontraditional Machining Processes
    Review Questions
    Design for Machining
    Design for Machining
    Design for Machining by Cutting
    Design for Grinding
    Design for Finishing Processes
    Design for Chemical and Electrochemical Machining
    Design for Thermal Machining
    Design for USM
    Design for Abrasive Jet Machining
    Review Questions

    Accuracy and Surface Integrity Realized by Machining Processes

    Surface Texture
    Surface Quality and Functional Properties
    Surface Integrity
    Surface Effects by Traditional Machining
    Surface Effects by Nontraditional Machining
    Reducing Distortion and Surface Effects in Machining
    Review Questions
    Automated Manufacturing Systems
    Manufacturing Systems
    Flexible Automation-Flexible Manufacturing Systems
    Computer Integrated Manufacturing
    Lean Production-JIT Manufacturing Systems
    Adaptive Control
    Smart Manufacturing and Artificial Intelligence
    Factory of Future
    Concluding Remarks Related to Automated Manufacturing
    Review Questions
    Subject Index


    Helmi A. Youssef, Hassan El-Hofy

    "This work is useful for students who want to learn about machine tools and machining and who want to become machinists or instrument makers.  Recommended."
    A.M. Strauss, Vanderbilt University, CHOICE, Oct. 2008, Vol. 46, No.2

    "…describes the fundamentals of processes, their capabilities, typical applications, advantages and limitations. … a useful reference for students at technical colleges, mechanical, manufacturing, industrial and materials engineers, professionals in related industries with manufacturing technology."
    —Int. J. Machining and Machinability of Materials, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2013