This edited collection studies the production and dissemination of popular music, tourism, cinema, fashion, broadcasting programmes, advertising and coffee in Western Europe in the twentieth century. Focussing on the supply side of popular culture, it addresses a field of study that is neglected in European historiography. Moreover, it provides a theoretical and methodological discussion that takes into account the inherent dynamics of content production and the role of cultural intermediaries in the change of cultural repertoires.
Taking key developments in the culture industries in the USA as a point of reference, the book highlights particularities of cultural production in Europe. It identifies a greater autonomy of creatives, stronger influence of critics and a lesser concern with audience research as three characteristics of the production regime in Western Europe. It takes into view the transfer of popular culture across the Atlantic and between European countries and offers new insights into research on the cultural Americanisation of Europe.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the European Review of History.
Table of Contents
1. The Production of Popular Culture in Twentieth-Century Western Europe: Trends in and Perspectives on ‘Europop’ Klaus Nathaus
2. Popular Music in Germany, 1900 – 1930: A Case of Americanisation? Uncovering a European Trajectory of Music Production into the Twentieth Century Klaus Nathaus
3. Popular tourism in Western Europe and the US in the twentieth century: a tale of different trajectories Christopher Kopper
4. Americanised, Europeanised or nationalised? The film industry in Europe under the influence of Hollywood, 1927 – 1968 Patrick Merziger
5. Keeping designs and brands authentic: the resurgence of the post-war French fashion business under the challenge of US mass production Veronique Pouillard
6. ‘In what language do you like to sing best?’ Placing popular music in broadcasting in postwar Europe Alexander Badenoch
7. From Fordist to creative economies: the de-Americanisation of European advertising cultures since the 1960s Stefan Schwarzkopf
8. Why espresso? Explaining changes in European coffee preferences from a production of culture perspective Jonathan Morris
Klaus Nathaus is Associate Professor in Western History since 1918 at the University of Oslo, Norway. He is a social historian of 19th and 20th century Britain and Germany who has worked on the history of clubs and associations, sports history and the production of popular culture in general and popular music in particular.