Madrasas in South Asia Teaching Terror?
After 9/11, madrasas have been linked to international terrorism. They are suspected to foster anti-western, traditionalist or even fundamentalist views and to train al-Qaeda fighters. This has led to misconceptions on madrasa-education in general and its role in South Asia in particular. Government policies to modernize and ‘pacify’ madrasas have been precipitous and mostly inadequate.
This book discusses the educational system of madrasas in South Asia. It gives a contextual account of different facets of madrasa education from historical, anthropological, theological, political and religious studies perspectives. Some contributions offer recommendations on possible – and necessary – reforms of religious educational institutions. It also explores the roots of militancy and sectarianism in Pakistan, as well as its global context.
Overall, the book tries to correct misperceptions on the role of madrasas, by providing a more balanced discussion, which denies neither the shortcomings of religious educational institutions in South Asia nor their important contributions to mass education.
List of Contributors
1. Introduction - Jamal Malik
2. Ahl-i Sunnat Madrasas: The Madrasa Manzar-i Islam, Bareilly, and Jamia Ashrafiyya, Mubarakpur - Usha Sanyal
3. Making Muslims: Identity and Difference in Indian Madrasas - Arshad Alam
4. Madrasas: The Potential for Violence in Pakistan? - Tariq Rahman
5. Pakistani Madrasas and Rural Underdevelopment: An Empirical Study of Ahmedpur East - Saleem H. Ali
6. Pakistan’s Recent Experience in Reforming Islamic Education - Christopher Candland
7. The Gender of Madrasa Teaching - Nita Kumar
8. Cinematic Representation of Islamic Learning and Identity Conflict in Bangladesh - Zakir Hossain Raju
9. Power, Purity and the Vanguard: Educational Ideology of the Jama’at-i-Islami of India - Irfan Ahmad
10. In Lieu of a Conclusion - Jamal Malik
'This collection of writings on madrasas after 9/11 should be mandatory reading book reviews 429 for those who are studying the contemporary mix (local and international) of religious institutions with politics and economics.'- Mohammad Talib, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology and Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies