Maintenance and Safety of Aging Infrastructure : Structures and Infrastructures Book Series, Vol. 10 book cover
1st Edition

Maintenance and Safety of Aging Infrastructure
Structures and Infrastructures Book Series, Vol. 10

ISBN 9780415659420
Published October 23, 2014 by CRC Press
796 Pages

FREE Standard Shipping
USD $210.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

This book presents the latest research findings in the field of maintenance and safety of aging infrastructure. The invited contributions provide an overview of the use of advanced computational and/or experimental techniques in damage and vulnerability assessment as well as maintenance and retrofitting of aging structures and infrastructures such as buildings, bridges, lifelines and ships. Cost-efficient maintenance and management of civil infrastructure requires balanced consideration of both structural performance and the total cost accrued over the entire life-cycle considering uncertainties.

In this context, major topics treated in this book include aging structures, climate adaptation, climate change, corrosion, cost, damage assessment, decision making, extreme events, fatigue life, hazards, hazard mitigation, inspection, life-cycle performance, maintenance, management, NDT methods, optimization, redundancy, reliability, repair, retrofit, risk, robustness, resilience, safety, stochastic control, structural health monitoring, sustainability, uncertainties and vulnerability. Applications include bridges, buildings, dams, marine structures, pavements, power distribution poles, offshore platforms, stadiums and transportation networks.

This up-to-date overview of the field of maintenance and safety of aging infrastructure makes this book a must-have reference work for those involved with structures and infrastructures, including students, researchers and practitioners.

Table of Contents

About the Book Series Editor
About the Editors
Contributors List
Author Data

1 Reliability-based Durability Design and Service Life Assessment of Concrete Structures in a Marine Environment
Mitsuyoshi Akiyama, Dan M. Frangopol and Hiroshi Matsuzaki
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Durability Design Criterion of RC Structures in a Marine Environment
1.2.1 Reliability Prediction
1.2.2 Durability Design Criterion based on Reliability
1.3 Life-cycle Reliability Estimation of Deteriorated Existing RC Structures
1.3.1 Effect of Spatial Distribution of Rebar Corrosion on Flexural Capacity of RC Beams
1.3.2 Updating the Reliability of Existing RC Structures by Incorporating Spatial Variability
1.4 Conclusions
1.5 References

2 Designing Bridges for Inspectability and Maintainability
Sreenivas Alampalli
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Bridge Inspection
2.3 Bridge Maintenance
2.4 Role of Planning and Design
2.5 Designing for Inspectability and Maintainability
2.5.1 Bridge Type Selection Redundancy Jointless Bridges Weathering Steel Skew Material Type
2.5.2 Bridge Details Bearings and Jacking Details Deck Drainage and Scuppers Joints Steel Details
2.5.3 Access Abutments and Piers Trusses and Arches Girder Bridges Bridge Railing and Fencing
2.6 Complex, Unique and Signature Bridges
2.6.1 Specialized Procedures Requirement for Complex and Unique Bridges
2.6.2 Movable Bridges
2.6.3 Signature Bridges
2.6.4 Bridge Security
2.7 Conclusions
2.8 References

3 Structural Vulnerability Measures for Assessment of Deteriorating Bridges in Seismic Prone Areas
Alice Alipour and Behrouz Shafei
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Numerical Modeling of Chloride Intrusion
3.2.1 Evaporable Water Content
3.2.2 Chloride Binding Capacity
3.2.3 Reference Chloride Diffusion Coefficient
3.3 Chloride Diffusion Coefficient
3.3.1 Ambient Temperature
3.3.2 Relative Humidity
3.3.3 Age of Concrete
3.3.4 Free Chloride Content
3.4 Estimation of Corrosion Initiation Time
3.5 Extent of Structural Degradation
3.6 Reinforced Concrete Bridge Models
3.6.1 Material Properties
3.6.2 Superstructure
3.6.3 Columns
3.6.4 Abutments
3.6.5 Foundation
3.7 Structural Capacity Evaluation of Deteriorating Bridges
3.8 Seismic Performance of Deteriorating Bridges
3.8.1 Probabilistic Life-Time Fragility Analysis
3.8.2 Seismic Vulnerability Index for Deteriorating Bridges
3.9 Conclusions
3.10 References

4 Design Knowledge Gain by Structural Health Monitoring
Stefania Arangio and Franco Bontempi
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Knowledge and Design
4.3 System Engineering Approach & Performance-based Design
4.4 Structural Dependability
4.5 Structural Health Monitoring
4.5.1 Structural Identification
4.5.2 Neural Network-Based Data Processing
4.6 Knowledge Gain by Structural Health Monitoring: A Case Study
4.6.1 Description of the Considered Bridge and Its Monitoring System
4.6.2 Application of the Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition
4.6.3 Application of a Neural Networks-Based Approach
4.7 Conclusions
4.8 References

5 Emerging Concepts and Approaches for Efficient and Realistic Uncertainty Quantification
Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou and Edoardo Patelli
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Advanced Stochastic Modelling and Analysis Techniques
5.2.1 General Remarks
5.2.2 Versatile Signal Processing Techniques for Spectral Estimation in Civil Engineering Spectral Analysis: The Fourier Transform Non-Stationary Spectral Analysis
5.2.3 Spectral Analysis Subject to Limited and/or Missing Data Fourier Transform with Zeros Clean Deconvolution Autoregressive Estimation Least Squares Spectral Analysis Artificial Neural Networks: A Potential Future Research Path
5.2.4 Path Integral Techniques for Efficient Response Determination and Reliability Assessment of Civil Engineering Structures and Infrastructure Numerical Path Integral Techniques: Discrete Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation Formulation Approximate/Analytical Wiener Path Integral Techniques
5.3 Generalised Uncertainty Models
5.3.1 Problem Description
5.3.2 Classification of Uncertainties
5.3.3 Imprecise Probability
5.3.4 Engineering Applications of Imprecise Probability
5.3.5 Fuzzy Probabilities
5.3.6 Engineering Applications of Fuzzy Probability
5.4 Monte Carlo Techniques
5.4.1 General Remarks
5.4.2 History of Monte Carlo and Random Number Generators Random Number Generator
5.4.3 Realizations of Random Variables and Stochastic Processes
5.4.4 Evaluation of Integrals
5.4.5 Advanced Methods and Future Trends Sequential Monte Carlo
5.4.6 High Performance Computing
5.4.7 Approaches to Lifetime Predictions Monte Carlo Simulation of Crack Initiation Monte Carlo Simulation of Crack Propagation Monte Carlo Simulation of Other Degradation Processes Lifetime Prediction and Maintenance Schedules
5.5 Conclusions
5.6 References

6 Time-Variant Robustness of Aging Structures
Fabio Biondini and Dan M. Frangopol
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Damage Modeling
6.2.1 Deterioration Patterns
6.2.2 Deterioration Rate
6.2.3 Local and Global Measures of Damage
6.3 Structural Performance Indicators
6.3.1 Parameters of Structural Behavior
6.3.2 Pseudo-Loads
6.3.3 Failure Loads and Failure Times
6.4 Measure of Structural Robustness
6.5 Role of Performance Indicators and Structural Integrity
6.5.1 A Comparative Study
6.5.2 Structural Integrity Index
6.6 Damage Propagation
6.6.1 Propagation Mechanisms
6.6.2 Fault-Tree Analysis
6.7 Structural Robustness and Progressive Collapse
6.8 Structural Robustness and Static Indeterminacy
6.9 Structural Robustness, Structural Redundancy and Failure Times
6.9.1 Case Study
6.9.2 Corrosion Damage and Failure Loads
6.9.3 Robustness and Redundancy
6.9.4 Failure Times
6.10 Role of Uncertainty and Probabilistic Analysis
6.11 Conclusions
6.12 References

7 Extending Fatigue Life of Bridges Beyond 100 Years by using Monitored Data
Eugen Brühwiler
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Proposed Approach
7.2.1 Introduction
7.2.2 Structural Safety Verification Format
7.2.3 Determination of Updated Action Effect
7.2.4 Safety Requirements
7.3 Case Study of a Riveted Railway Bridge
7.3.1 Description of the Bridge
7.3.2 Model for Structural Analysis
7.3.3 Monitoring
7.3.4 Fatigue Safety Verification Step 1: Fatigue Safety Verification with Respect to the Fatigue Limit Step 2: Fatigue Damage Accumulation Calculation and Fatigue Safety Verification
7.3.5 Discussion of the Results
7.4 Case Study of a Highway Bridge Deck in Posttensioned Concrete
7.4.1 Motivation
7.4.2 Monitoring System
7.4.3 Investigation of Extreme Action Effects
7.4.4 Investigation of Fatigue Action Effects
7.4.5 Discussion of the Results
7.5 Conclusions
7.6 References

8 Management and Safety of Existing Concrete Structures via Optical Fiber Distributed Sensing
Joan R. Casas, Sergi Villalba and Vicens Villalba
8.1 Introduction
8.2 OBR Technology: Description and Background
8.3 Application to Concrete Structures
8.3.1 Laboratory Test in a Reinforced Concrete Slab OBR Sensors Application
8.3.2 Prestressed Concrete Bridge Reading Strains under 400kN Truck Reading Strains under Normal Traffic and 400kN Static Load
8.3.3 Concrete Cooling Tower OBR sensors application
8.4 Results and Discussion
8.5 Conclusions
8.6 References

9 Experimental Dynamic Assessment of Civil Infrastructure
Álvaro Cunha, Elsa Caetano, Filipe Magalhães and Carlos Moutinho
9.1 Dynamic Testing and Continuous Monitoring of Civil Structures
9.2 Excitation and Vibration Measurement Devices
9.3 Modal Identification
9.3.1 Overview of EMA and OMA Methods
9.3.2 Pre-processing
9.3.3 Frequency Domain Decomposition
9.3.4 Stochastic Subspace Identification
9.3.5 Poly-reference Least Squares Frequency Domain
9.4 Mitigation of Environmental Effects on Modal Estimates and Vibration Based Damage Detection
9.5 Examples of Dynamic Testing and Continuous Dynamic Monitoring
9.5.1 Dynamic Testing
9.5.2 Continuous Dynamic Monitoring Continuous Monitoring of Pedro e Inês Lively Footbridge Continuous Monitoring of Infante D. Henrique Bridge Continuous Monitoring of Braga Stadium Suspension Roof
9.6 Conclusions
9.7 References

10 Two Approaches for the Risk Assessment of Aging Infrastructure with Applications
David De Leon Escobedo, David Joaquín Delgado-Hernandez and Juan Carlos Arteaga-Arcos
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Use of the Expected Life-Cycle Cost to Derive Inspection Times and Optimal Safety Levels
10.2.1 Highway Concrete Bridge in Mexico
10.2.2 Oil Offshore Platform in Mexico Assessment of Structural Damage Initial, Damage and Life-Cycle Cost Optimal Design of an Offshore Platform Effects of Epistemic Uncertainties Minimum Life-Cycle Cost Designs
10.3 Using Bayesian Networks to Assess the Economical Effectiveness of Maintenance Alternatives
10.3.1 Bayesian Networks
10.3.2 BN for the Risk Assessment of Earth Dams in Central Mexico
10.4 Conclusions and Recommendations
10.5 References

11 Risk-based Maintenance of Aging Ship Structures
Yordan Garbatov and Carlos Guedes Soares
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Corrosion Deterioration Modelling
11.3 Nonlinear Corrosion Wastage Model Structures
11.3.1 Corrosion Wastage Model Accounting for Repair
11.3.2 Corrosion Wastage Model Accounting for the Environment
11.3.3 Corrosion Degradation Surface Modelling
11.4 Risk-based Maintenance Planning
11.4.1 Analysing Failure Data
11.4.2 Optimal Replacement – Minimization of Cost
11.4.3 Optimal Replacement – Minimization of Downtime
11.4.4 Optimal Inspection to Maximize the Availability
11.4.5 Comparative Analysis of Corroded Deck Plates
11.4.6 Risk-based Maintenance of Tankers and Bulk Carriers
11.5 Conclusions
11.6 References

12 Investigating Pavement Structure Deterioration with a Relative Evaluation Model
Kiyoyuki Kaito, Kiyoshi Kobayashi and Kengo Obama
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Framework of the Study
12.2.1 Deterioration Characteristics of the Pavement Structure
12.2.2 Benchmarking and Relative Evaluation
12.3 Mixed Markov Deterioration Hazard Model
12.3.1 Preconditions for Model Development
12.3.2 Mixed Markov Deterioration Hazard Model
12.3.3 Estimation of a Mixed Markov Deterioration Hazard Model
12.3.4 Estimation of the Heterogeneity Parameter
12.4 Benchmarking and Evaluation Indicator
12.4.1 Benchmarking Evaluation
12.4.2 Road Surface State Inspection and Benchmarking
12.4.3 Relative Evaluation and the Extraction of Intensive Monitoring Sections
12.4.4 FWD Survey and the Diagnosis of the Deterioration of a Pavement Structure
12.5 Application Study
12.5.1 Outline
12.5.2 Estimation Results
12.5.3 Relative Evaluation of Deterioration Rate
12.5.4 FWD Survey for Structural Diagnosis
12.5.5 Relation between the Heterogeneity Parameter and the Results of the FWD Survey
12.5.6 Perspectives for Future Studies
12.6 Conclusions
12.7 References

13 Constructs for Quantifying the Long-term Effectiveness of Civil Infrastructure Interventions
Steven Lavrenz, Jackeline Murillo Hoyos and Samuel Labi
13.1 Introduction
13.2 The Constructs for Measuring Interventions Effectiveness
13.2.1 Life of the Intervention Age-based Approach Condition-based Approach The Issue of Censoring and Truncation on the Age- and Condition-based Approaches
13.2.2 Extension in the Life of the Infrastructure due to the Intervention
13.2.3 Increase in Average Performance of the Infrastructure over the Intervention Life
13.2.4 Increased Area Bounded by Infrastructure Performance Curve due to the Intervention
13.2.5 Reduction in the Cost of Maintenance or Operations Subsequent to the Intervention
13.2.6 Decrease in the Likelihood that a Specific Distress will Start to Occur within a Specified Time Period After the Intervention; or, the Increase in Time Taken for Distress to Initiate
13.3 Conclusions
13.4 References

14 Risk Assessment and Wind Hazard Mitigation of Power Distribution Poles
Yue Li, Mark G. Stewart and Sigridur Bjarnadottir
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Design of Distribution Poles
14.3 Design (Nominal) Load (Sn)
14.4 Design (Nominal) Resistance (Rn) and Degradation of Timber Poles
14.5 Hurricane Risk Assessment of Timber Poles
14.6 Hurricane Mitigation Strategies and Their Cost-effectiveness
14.6.1 Mitigation Strategies
14.6.2 Cost of Replacement (Crep) and Annual Replacement Rate (δ)
14.6.3 Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCC) for Cost-effectiveness Evaluation
14.7 Illustrative Example
14.7.1 Design
14.7.2 Risk Assessment Hurricane Fragility Updated Annual pf Considering Effects of Degradation and Climate Change
14.7.3 Cost-effectiveness of Mitigation Strategies
14.8 Conclusions
14.9 References

15 A Comparison between MDP-based Optimization Approaches for Pavement Management Systems
Aditya Medury and Samer Madanat
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Methodology
15.2.1 Top-Down Approach
15.2.2 Bottom-Up Approaches Two Stage Bottom-Up Approach Modified Two Stage Bottom-Up Approach: Incorporating Lagrangian Relaxation Methods
15.2.3 Obtaining Facility-Specific Policies using Top-Down Approach: A Simultaneous Network Optimization Approach
15.3 Parametric Study
15.3.1 Results
15.3.2 Implementation Issues
15.4 Conclusions and Future Work
15.5 References

16 Corrosion and Safety of Structures in Marine Environments
Robert E. Melchers
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Structural Reliability Theory
16.3 Progression of Corrosion with Time
16.4 Plates, Ships, Pipelines and Sheet Piling
16.5 Mooring Chains
16.6 Extreme Value representation of Maximum Pit Depth Uncertainty
16.7 Effect of Applying the Frechet Extreme Value Distribution
16.8 Discussion of the Results
16.9 Conclusions
16.10 References

17 Retrofitting and Refurbishment of Existing Road Bridges
Claudio Modena, Giovanni Tecchio, Carlo Pellegrino, Francesca da Porto, Mariano Angelo Zanini and Marco Donà
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Retrofitting and Refurbishment of Common RC Bridge Typologies
17.2.1 Degradation Processes Concrete Deterioration due to Water Penetration Cracking and Spalling of Concrete Cover due to Carbonation and Bar Oxidation
17.2.2 Original Design and Construction Defects
17.2.3 Rehabilitation and Retrofit of Existing RC Bridges Rehabilitation and Treatment of the Deteriorated Surfaces Static Retrofit Seismic Retrofit Functional Refurbishment
17.3 Assessment and Retrofitting of Common Steel Bridge Typologies
17.3.1 Original Design Defects – Fatigue Effects
17.3.2 Degradation Processes
17.3.3 Rehabilitation and Retrofit of the Existing Steel Decks Repair Techniques for Corroded Steel Members Rehabilitation and Strengthening Techniques for Fatigue-induced Cracks
17.4 Assessment and Retrofitting of Common Masonry Bridge Typologies
17.4.1 Degradation Processes and Original Design Defects
17.4.2 Rehabilitation and Retrofit of Existing Masonry Arch Bridges Barrel Vault Spandrel Walls, Piers, Abutments and Foundations
17.5 Conclusions
17.6 References

18 Stochastic Control Approaches for Structural Maintenance
Konstantinos G. Papakonstantinou and Masanobu Shinozuka
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Discrete Stochastic Optimal Control with Full Observability
18.2.1 State Augmentation
18.3 Stochastic Optimal Control with Partial Observability
18.3.1 Bellman Backups
18.4 Value Function Approximation Methods
18.4.1 Approximations based on MDP and Q-functions
18.4.2 Grid-based Approximations
18.4.3 Point-based Solvers Perseus Algorithm
18.5 Optimum Inspection and Maintenance Policies with POMDPs
18.5.1 POMDP Modeling States and Maintenance Actions Observations and Inspection Actions Rewards Joint Actions and Summary
18.6 Results
18.6.1 Infinite Horizon Results
18.6.2 Finite Horizon Results
18.7 Conclusions
18.8 References

19 Modeling Inspection Uncertainties for On-site Condition Assessment using NDT Tools
Franck Schoefs
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Uncertainty Identification and Modeling during Inspection
19.2.1 Sources of Uncertainties: From the Tool to the Decision Aleatory Uncertainties Epistemic Uncertainties
19.2.2 Epistemic and Aleatory Uncertainty Modelling Probabilistic Modeling of PoD and PFA from Signal Theory Probabilistic Assessment of PoD and PFA from Statistics (Calibration) The ROC Curve as Decision Aid-Tool and Method for Detection Threshold Selection: The α–δ Method Case of Multiple Inspections Spatial and Time Dependence of ROC Curves and Detection Threshold for Degradation Processes
19.3 Recent Concepts for Decision
19.3.1 Bayesian Modeling for Introducing New Quantities
19.3.2 Discussion on the Assessment of PCE
19.3.3 Definition of the Cost Function for a Risk Assessment Modelling and Illustration Use of the α–δ Method
19.3.4 Definition of a Two Stage Inspection Model
19.4 Recent Developpements about Spatial Fields Assesment and Data Fusion
19.5 Summary
19.6 References

20 The Meaning of Condition Description and Inspection Data Quality in Engineering Structure Management
Marja-Kaarina Söderqvist
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Engineering Structures
20.3 The Inspection System
20.3.1 General Description
20.3.2 Goals of Inspection
20.3.3 Inspection Types and Intervals
20.3.4 Handbooks and Guidelines
20.3.5 Inspection Data
20.3.6 Use of Inspection Results
20.4 Condition Indicators
20.4.1 General
20.4.2 Data Estimated in Inspections
20.4.3 Data Processed by the Owner
20.5 The Management of Bridge Inspection Data Quality
20.5.1 General Rules
20.5.2 Tools for Data Quality Control
20.5.3 Training of Inspectors
20.5.4 Quality Measurement Process: A Case Application Bridge Inspector Qualifications Day for Advanced Training Quality Measurements Quality Reports of the Bridge Register Follow up of Quality Improvement Methods
20.6 Prediction of Structure Condition
20.6.1 Age Behaviour Modelling
20.6.2 The Finnish Reference Bridges Model Simulation
20.7 Maintenance, Repair and Rehabilitation Policy
20.7.1 Goals and Targets
20.7.2 Central Policy Definitions in the Management Process
20.7.3 Maintenance and Repair Planning
20.8 Conclusions
20.9 References

21 Climate Adaptation Engineering and Risk-based Design and Management of Infrastructure
Mark G. Stewart, Dimitri V. Val, Emilio Bastidas-Arteaga, Alan O’Connor and Xiaoming Wang
21.1 Introduction
21.2 Modelling Weather and Climate-related Hazards in Conditions of Climate Change
21.2.1 Climate Modelling
21.2.2 Modelling Extreme Events under Non-Stationary Conditions Generalised Extreme Value Distribution for Block Maxima Generalised Pareto Distribution for Threshold Exceedance Point Process Characterisation of Extremes
21.3 Impacts of Climate Change
21.3.1 Corrosion and Material Degradation
21.3.2 Frequency and Intensity of Climate Hazards
21.3.3 Sustainability and Embodied Energy Requirements for Maintenance Strategies
21.4 Risk-Based Decision Support
21.4.1 Definition of Risk
21.4.2 Cost-Effectiveness of Adaptation Strategies
21.5 Case Studies of Optimal Design and Management of Infrastructure
21.5.1 Resilience of Interdependent Infrastructure Systems to Floods
21.5.2 Strengthening Housing in Queensland Against Extreme Wind
21.5.3 Climate Change and Cost-Effectiveness of Adaptation Strategies in RC Structures Subjected to Chloride Ingress
21.5.4 Designing On- and Offshore Wind Energy Installations to Allow for Predicted Evolutions in Wind and Wave Loading
21.5.5 Impact and Adaptation to Coastal Inundation
21.6 Research Challenges
21.7 Conclusions
21.8 References

22 Comparing Bridge Condition Evaluations with Life-Cycle Expenditures
Bojidar Yanev
22.1 Introduction: Networks and Projects
22.2 Network and Project Level Condition Assessments
22.2.1 Potential Hazards (NYS DOT)
22.2.2 Load Rating (AASHTO, 2010)
22.2.3 Vulnerability (NYS DOT)
22.2.4 Serviceability and Sufficiency (NBI)
22.2.5 Diagnostics
22.3 Bridge-Related Actions
22.3.1 Maintenance
22.3.2 Preservation
22.3.3 Repair and Rehabilitation
22.4 The New York City Network – Bridge Equilibrium of Supply/Demand
22.5 Network Optimization/Project Prioritization
22.5.1 The Preventive Maintenance Model
22.5.2 The repair model
22.6 Conclusions
22.7 References

23 Redundancy-based Design of Nondeterministic Systems
Benjin Zhu and Dan M. Frangopol
23.1 Introduction
23.2 Redundancy Factor
23.2.1 Definition
23.2.2 Example
23.3 Effects of Parameters on Redundancy Factor
23.4 Redundancy Factors of Systems with Many Components
23.4.1 Using the RELSYS program
23.4.2 Using the MCS-based program
23.5 Limit States for Component Design
23.6 A Highway Bridge Example
23.6.1 Live Load Bending Moments
23.6.2 Dead Load Moments
23.6.3 Mean Resistance of Girders
23.6.4 An Additional Case: βsys,target =4.0
23.7 Conclusions
23.8 References

Author Index
Subject Index
Structures and Infrastructures Series

View More



Professor Dan M. Frangopol is the first holder of the Fazlur R. Khan Endowed Chair of Structural Engineering and Architecture at Lehigh University. His main research interests are in the application of probabilistic concepts and methods to civil and marine engineering, including structural reliability, probability-based design and optimization of buildings, bridges and naval ships, structural health monitoring, life-cycle performance maintenance and management of structures and infrastructures under uncertainty, risk-based assessment and decision making, infrastructure resilience to disasters, and stochastic mechanics. Prof. Frangopol is the Founding President of the International Association for Bridge Maintenance and Safety (IABMAS) and of the International Association for Life Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE). He is also the founder of the recently created ASCE-SEI Technical Council on life-cycle performance, safety, reliability and risk of structural systems. He has held numerous leadership positions in national and international professional societies. Prof. Frangopol is the Founding Editor of Structure and Infrastructure Engineering an international peer-reviewed journal. He is also the Founding Editor of the Book Series Structures and Infrastructures. Prof. Frangopol is the author or co-author of more than 300 books, book chapters, and refereed journal articles, and more than 500 papers in conference proceedings. He has edited or co-edited 34 books. Prof. Frangopol has supervised the dissertations of 35 Ph.D. students (seven under current supervision) and the thesis and reports of 50 M.S. students. Many of his former students are university professors in the United States and abroad, and several are prominent in professional practice and research laboratories.

Dr Yiannis Tsompanakis completed his studies (diploma in civil engineering and PhD in computational mechanics) in NTUA, and afterwards he is lecturing in Technical University of Crete (TUC), firstly as a visiting professor (2000-2003) and since 9/2003 as an Assistant Professor and since 9/2010 as an Associate Professor of Structural Dynamics in the Department of Applied Sciences of TUC having a permanent academic employment in TUC. He is expert in development and application of advanced computational models for the numerical simulation structures and infrastructures. His research interests include structural and geotechnical earthquake engineering, geoenvironmental engineering, dynamic soil-structure-fluid interaction, foundations and retaining structures, structural optimization, probabilistic mechanics, structural assessment and retrofitting as wells as artificial intelligence methods in engineering. He has over 150 publications (journal papers, conference papers, book chapters, edited books and journal special issues and conference proceedings. He has organized several conferences and minisymposia. He has participated in many research (Greek and EU) projects as researcher and/or coordinator. Dr Tsompanakis has excellent leadership, interpersonal and negotiating skills and many cooperations with other scientific groups in Greece, USA, UK, Italy, Germany, Serbia, etc. He is reviewer in many archival scientific engineering journals and member of the Editorial Board in several scientific journals. He is the Technical Editor of Structure and Infrastructure Engineering (SIE) Journal, Taylor&Francis Publ. He is the co-editor of the first two volumes in the same Taylor & Francis book series: “Structures & Infrastructures Book Series”, Book Series Editor Dan M. Frangopol.


"I can most highly recommend this book. The collection of chapters provides an overview of the present thinking and state-of art developments into the field of maintenance and safety of aging infrastructure. The collection of the chapters is in the authors opinion very useful for both academics and practicing engineers. Every academic and practicing engineer concerned with the lifecycle of structures should have this book in his/her library and daily use."

Dr.-Ing. Alfred Strauss, Department of Civil Engineering and Natural Hazards, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.