A multi-author volume Major Events in Early Vertebrate Evolution examines the origin and early evolution of the backboned animals (vertebrates)-the group which comprises all fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including ourselves. This volume draws together evidence from fossils, genes, and developmental biology (the study of how embryos grow and develop) to answer questions such as:
*When did the first backboned animals appear?
*How are the different groups of backboned animals related to each other?
*How did bones and teeth evolve?
The authors are all experts of international standing in their respective fields, and present some of their own recent findings in conjunction with reviews of the latest work in this fast-moving and fascinating area of biology.
Table of Contents
1. Deuterostome Phylogeny: The Context for the Origin and Evolution of the Vertebrates Henry Gee 2. Amphioxus and the Evolutionary Origin of the Vertebrate Neural Crest and Midbrain/Hindbrain Boundary Linda Z. Holland and Nicholas D. Holland 3. The Origin of the Neural Crest Peter W. H. Holland, Hiroshi Wada, Miguel Manzanares, Robb Krumlauf and Sebastian M. Shimeld 4. The Origin and Early Fossil History of the Chordate Acustico-Lateralis System, with Remarks on the Reality of the Echinoderm-Hemichordate Clade Richard P. S. Jefferies 5. The Cambrian Origin of Vertebrates M. Paul Smith, Ivan J. Sansom and Karen D. Cochrane 6. Origin of a Mineralized Skeleton Philip C. J. Donoghue and Richard J. Aldridge 7. The Relationship of Lampreys to Hagfishes: A Spectral Analysis of Ribosomal DNA Sequences Jon Mallatt, Jack Sullivan, and Christopher J. Winchell 8. Molecular Evidence for the Early History of Living Vertebrates S. Blair Hedges 9. Vertebrate Phylogeny: Limits of Inference of Mitochondrial Genome and Nuclear rDNA Sequence Data Due to an Adverse Phylogenetic Signal/Noise Ratio Rafael Zardoya and Axel Meyer 10. The Ordovician Radiation of Vertebrates Ivan J. Sansom, Moya M. Smith and M. Paul Smith 11. Ostracoderms and the Shaping of the Gnathostome Characters Philippe Janvier 12. Scenarios, Selection and the Ecology of Early Vertebrates Mark A. Purnell 13. Placoderms and Basal Gnathostome Apomorphies Daniel Goujet 14. The evolution of Vertebrate Dentitions: Phylogenetic Pattern and Developmental Models Moya M. Smith and Mike I. Coates 15. Early Sharks and Primitive Gnathostome Interrelationships Mike I. Coates and Sandy E. K. Sequeira 16. A Primitive Chondrichthyan Braincase from the Middle Devonian of Bolivia John G. Maisey 17. Interrelationships of Basal Osteichthyans Zhu Min and Hans-Peter Schultze 18. Dialipina and the Characters of Basal Actinopterygians Hans-Peter Schultze and Stephen L. Cumbaa 19. Origin of the Teleost Tail: Phylogenetic Frameworks for Developmental Studies Brian D. Metscher and Per Erik Ahlberg 20. Occipital Structure and the Posterior Limit of the Skull in Actinopterygians W. E. Bemis and P. L. Forey 21. Lungfish Paired Fins Jean Joss and Terry Longhurst 22. Is There a Tetrapod Developmental Bauplan Underlying Limb Evolution? Evidence from a Teleost Fish and From Urodele and Anuran Amphibians J. R. Hinchliffe, E. I. Vorobyeva and J. Géraudie 23. The Otoccipital Region - Origin, Ontogeny and the Fish-Tetrapod Transition J. A. Clack of California, USA, Nicholas D. Holland, University of California, USA, Peter W H Holland, University of Reading, UK, Hiroshi Wada, University of Reading, UK, Sebastian M. Shimeld, University of Reading, UK, Miguel Manzanares, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, UK, Robb Krumlauf, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, UK, Richard P. S. Jefferies, The Natural History Museum, UK, M. Paul Smith, University of Birmingham, UK, Ivan J. Sansom, University of Birmingham, UK, Karen D. Cochrane, University of Birmingham, UK, Philip C. J. Donoghue, University of Birmingham, UK, Richard J. Aldridge, University of Leicester, UK, Jon Mallatt, Washington State University, USA, Jack Sullivan, University of Idaho, USA, Christopher J. Winchell, Washington State University, USA, S. Blair Hedges, Pennsylvania State University, USA, Rafael Zardoya, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Spain, Axel Meyer, University of Konstanz, Germany, Moya M. Smith, King's College London, UK, Philippe Janvier, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France, Mark A. Purnell, University of Leicester, UK, Daniel Goujet, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, France, Mike I. Coates, University College London, UK, Sandy E. K. Sequeira, University College London, UK, John G. Maisey, American Museum of Natural History, USA, Zhu Min, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, Hans-Peter Schultze, Museum für Naturkunde, Germany, Stephen L. Cumbaa, Canadian Museum of Nature, Canada, Brian D. Metscher, The Natural History Museum, UK, Per Erik Ahlberg, The Natural History Museum, UK, W. E. Bemis, University of Massachusetts, USA, P. L. Forey, The Natural History Museum, UK, Jean Joss, Macquarie University, Australia, Terry Longhurst, Macquarie University, Australia, J. R. Hinchliffe, University of Wales, UK, E. I. Vorobyeva, Insititute of Ecology and Evolution, Russia, J. Géraudie, University of Paris, France, J. A. Clack, University Museum of Zoology, UK.