1st Edition

Making Climate Compatible Development Happen

Edited By Fiona Nunan Copyright 2017
    284 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    284 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Making Climate Compatible Development Happen introduces readers to the concept of climate compatible development (CCD) through exploring what it might look like, how it could be achieved in practice and identifying challenges and dilemmas raised by CCD. The book brings together research that explores the assumptions underlying CCD and applies the concept in a range of geographic and sectoral settings.

    The volume makes a significant contribution to the theorisation and evidence-base for how development efforts can be made more climate resilient and with lower greenhouse gas emissions than a ‘business as usual’ approach. It provides critical reflections on the vision and conceptualisation of CCD, exploring how to encourage it, and what trade-offs and challenges may be encountered. The contributions discuss the feasibility of achieving CCD, mechanisms that may support progress towards it, challenges that may be experienced and the roles of, and impacts on, different stakeholder groups. Following a critical reflection on the concept of CCD, the potential nature of, and barriers to, CCD, it is examined in relation to agriculture, renewable energy, forestry, pastoralism, coastal areas and fisheries, with case studies taken from countries including Ghana, India, Kenya, Mongolia, Mozambique and Peru.

    The book provides a valuable cross-sectoral and international critical reflection on the theory and practice of CCD, and will be a resource for postgraduates, established scholars and undergraduates from any social science discipline, policymakers and practitioners studying or working on areas related to the interface between environment (climate change) and international development.

    List of figures

    List of tables

    List of boxes

    Notes on contributors



    1 Conceptualising climate compatible development

    Fiona Nunan


    What is climate compatible development?

    Common themes and principles of CCD

    Learning from CCD experience and analysis

    Structure of the book

    2 Reconsidering climate compatible development as a new development landscape in southern Africa

    Lindsay C. Stringer, Susannah M. Sallu, Andrew J. Dougill, Benjamin T. Wood and Lisa Ficklin


    Challenges in moving CCD from rhetoric to practice

    CCD in practice in southern Africa



    3 Closing the knowledge gaps on gender and climate change for CCD

    E. Lisa F. Schipper, Virginie Le Masson, Lara Langston, Sebastian Kratzer, Reetu Sogani, Elvin Nyukuri and María Teresa Arana

    Introduction: what do we know about gender and climate change? What don’t we know?

    Gender and climate change: why is gender important to climate change?

    Integrating gender within policy and programming

    CCD and gender equality: evidence from urban areas

    Conclusions: gender is both compatible with and crucial for CCD

    4 Climate smart agriculture: a critical review

    Irina Arakelyan, Dominic Moran and Anita Wreford


    Background and definitions of CSA

    CSA critique

    Current application of CS measures

    Policies and institutions for achieving CSA

    Financial mechanisms for achieving CSA


    5 Climate change and African agriculture: unlocking the potential of research and advisory services

    John Morton


    Changing contexts for agricultural research and advisory services

    Changing approaches to agricultural research and extension

    Climate challenges and opportunities in Africa

    Our research

    Agriculture in national climate policies

    Climate in agriculture policy

    Experience at project level

    Themes from the projects

    Conclusions: making African agricultural research and advisory services more climate compatible

    6 Triple wins? Prospects for pro-poor, low carbon, climate resilient energy services in Kenya

    Jon Phillips, Peter Newell and Ana Pueyo


    Political economies of CCD

    How is pro-poor, low carbon, climate resilient access to electricity understood?

    Politics in competition; politics in consensus

    CCD: what is being adapted?


    7 Debunking free market myths: transforming pro-poor, sustainable energy access for climate compatible development

    David Ockwell, Rob Byrne, Kevin Urama, Nicholas Ozor, Edith Kirumba, Adrian Ely, Sarah Becker and Lorenz Gollwitzer


    A socio-technical innovation system-building perspective


    Summary history of the Kenyan off-grid solar PV market

    Conclusion: private sector entrepreneurship vs. long-term capability building and donor investment

    8 The political economy of REDD+ in Mozambique: implications for climate compatible development

    Julian Quan, Lars Otto Naess, Andrew Newsham, Almeida Sitoe and María Corrál Fernandez


    Concepts and frameworks for analysis

    Context: forest governance and REDD+ in Mozambique

    Competition and conflict: actors’ alignments on carbon forestry and REDD+



    9 Coping with climate extremes in Mongolian pastoral communities

    Dennis Ojima, Chuluun Togtokh, Kathleen A. Galvin, Kelly Hopping, Tyler Beeton, Tungalag Ulambayar, Batsukh Narantuya and Altanbagana Myagmarsuren


    Background to climate compatible development in Mongolia

    Study area

    Data collection

    Results: Mongolian pastoral response strategies to droughts and dzud

    Discussion: importance of existing coping strategies

    Conclusion and implications

    10 Enabling climate compatible development in the coastal region of Kenya

    Fiona Nunan and Caroline Wanjiru


    Managing the coastal zone: existing instruments

    The Kenyan coastal zone

    The National Climate Change Response



    Co-management of natural resources

    Land use planning

    Payment for Ecosystem Services schemes 

    Moving towards CCD in coastal areas

    11 A political economy of artisanal fisheries and climate change in Ghana

    Thomas Tanner, Adelina Mensah, Elaine T. Lawson, Chris Gordon, Rachel Godfrey-Wood and Terry Cannon


    Fisheries in Ghana

    Ghana’s changing fisheries and the role of climate change

    Politics of the marine fisheries sector and related CCD strategies

    CCD options

    Reflections on the political economy of CCD

    12 Prospects and challenges for climate compatible development

    Fiona Nunan


    CCD – the concept

    Transformative development pathways

    The political context

    Integrated approaches

    Challenges to delivering on CCD

    Making CCD happen




    Fiona Nunan is Senior Lecturer and Director of the International Development Department at the University of Birmingham, UK.

    "This is an important book on an important topic. Economic development in the 21st century has to factor in the risks of climate change and the need to reduce emissions. This book offers a lucid introduction to climate compatible development."

    Sam Fankhauser, Co-Director at Grantham Research Institute for Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

    "In a rapidly evolving field bursting with overlapping concepts and integrative frameworks this book provides an excellent critical overview of current thinking. It captures very well a range of disciplinary and geographical perspectives in a development context to address what has been described as the ultimate interdisciplinary challenge - climate change. The book very effectively achieves, in analytical terms, what Climate Compatible Development aims to achieve in practice: integration of development, adaptation and mitigation. It is an excellent blend of theory and real-world examples."

    Declan Conway, Grantham Research Institute for Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK