Making Climate Compatible Development Happen introduces readers to the concept of climate compatible development (CCD) through exploring what it might look like, how it could be achieved in practice and identifying challenges and dilemmas raised by CCD. The book brings together research that explores the assumptions underlying CCD and applies the concept in a range of geographic and sectoral settings.
The volume makes a significant contribution to the theorisation and evidence-base for how development efforts can be made more climate resilient and with lower greenhouse gas emissions than a ‘business as usual’ approach. It provides critical reflections on the vision and conceptualisation of CCD, exploring how to encourage it, and what trade-offs and challenges may be encountered. The contributions discuss the feasibility of achieving CCD, mechanisms that may support progress towards it, challenges that may be experienced and the roles of, and impacts on, different stakeholder groups. Following a critical reflection on the concept of CCD, the potential nature of, and barriers to, CCD, it is examined in relation to agriculture, renewable energy, forestry, pastoralism, coastal areas and fisheries, with case studies taken from countries including Ghana, India, Kenya, Mongolia, Mozambique and Peru.
The book provides a valuable cross-sectoral and international critical reflection on the theory and practice of CCD, and will be a resource for postgraduates, established scholars and undergraduates from any social science discipline, policymakers and practitioners studying or working on areas related to the interface between environment (climate change) and international development.
Table of Contents
List of figures
List of tables
List of boxes
Notes on contributors
1 Conceptualising climate compatible development
What is climate compatible development?
Common themes and principles of CCD
Learning from CCD experience and analysis
Structure of the book
2 Reconsidering climate compatible development as a new development landscape in southern Africa
Lindsay C. Stringer, Susannah M. Sallu, Andrew J. Dougill, Benjamin T. Wood and Lisa Ficklin
Challenges in moving CCD from rhetoric to practice
CCD in practice in southern Africa
3 Closing the knowledge gaps on gender and climate change for CCD
E. Lisa F. Schipper, Virginie Le Masson, Lara Langston, Sebastian Kratzer, Reetu Sogani, Elvin Nyukuri and María Teresa Arana
Introduction: what do we know about gender and climate change? What don’t we know?
Gender and climate change: why is gender important to climate change?
Integrating gender within policy and programming
CCD and gender equality: evidence from urban areas
Conclusions: gender is both compatible with and crucial for CCD
4 Climate smart agriculture: a critical review
Irina Arakelyan, Dominic Moran and Anita Wreford
Background and definitions of CSA
Current application of CS measures
Policies and institutions for achieving CSA
Financial mechanisms for achieving CSA
5 Climate change and African agriculture: unlocking the potential of research and advisory services
Changing contexts for agricultural research and advisory services
Changing approaches to agricultural research and extension
Climate challenges and opportunities in Africa
Agriculture in national climate policies
Climate in agriculture policy
Experience at project level
Themes from the projects
Conclusions: making African agricultural research and advisory services more climate compatible
6 Triple wins? Prospects for pro-poor, low carbon, climate resilient energy services in Kenya
Jon Phillips, Peter Newell and Ana Pueyo
Political economies of CCD
How is pro-poor, low carbon, climate resilient access to electricity understood?
Politics in competition; politics in consensus
CCD: what is being adapted?
7 Debunking free market myths: transforming pro-poor, sustainable energy access for climate compatible development
David Ockwell, Rob Byrne, Kevin Urama, Nicholas Ozor, Edith Kirumba, Adrian Ely, Sarah Becker and Lorenz Gollwitzer
A socio-technical innovation system-building perspective
Summary history of the Kenyan off-grid solar PV market
Conclusion: private sector entrepreneurship vs. long-term capability building and donor investment
8 The political economy of REDD+ in Mozambique: implications for climate compatible development
Julian Quan, Lars Otto Naess, Andrew Newsham, Almeida Sitoe and María Corrál Fernandez
Concepts and frameworks for analysis
Context: forest governance and REDD+ in Mozambique
Competition and conflict: actors’ alignments on carbon forestry and REDD+
9 Coping with climate extremes in Mongolian pastoral communities
Dennis Ojima, Chuluun Togtokh, Kathleen A. Galvin, Kelly Hopping, Tyler Beeton, Tungalag Ulambayar, Batsukh Narantuya and Altanbagana Myagmarsuren
Background to climate compatible development in Mongolia
Results: Mongolian pastoral response strategies to droughts and dzud
Discussion: importance of existing coping strategies
Conclusion and implications
10 Enabling climate compatible development in the coastal region of Kenya
Fiona Nunan and Caroline Wanjiru
Managing the coastal zone: existing instruments
The Kenyan coastal zone
The National Climate Change Response
Co-management of natural resources
Land use planning
Payment for Ecosystem Services schemes
Moving towards CCD in coastal areas
11 A political economy of artisanal fisheries and climate change in Ghana
Thomas Tanner, Adelina Mensah, Elaine T. Lawson, Chris Gordon, Rachel Godfrey-Wood and Terry Cannon
Fisheries in Ghana
Ghana’s changing fisheries and the role of climate change
Politics of the marine fisheries sector and related CCD strategies
Reflections on the political economy of CCD
12 Prospects and challenges for climate compatible development
CCD – the concept
Transformative development pathways
The political context
Challenges to delivering on CCD
Making CCD happen
Fiona Nunan is Senior Lecturer and Director of the International Development Department at the University of Birmingham, UK.
"This is an important book on an important topic. Economic development in the 21st century has to factor in the risks of climate change and the need to reduce emissions. This book offers a lucid introduction to climate compatible development."
Sam Fankhauser, Co-Director at Grantham Research Institute for Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
"In a rapidly evolving field bursting with overlapping concepts and integrative frameworks this book provides an excellent critical overview of current thinking. It captures very well a range of disciplinary and geographical perspectives in a development context to address what has been described as the ultimate interdisciplinary challenge - climate change. The book very effectively achieves, in analytical terms, what Climate Compatible Development aims to achieve in practice: integration of development, adaptation and mitigation. It is an excellent blend of theory and real-world examples."
Declan Conway, Grantham Research Institute for Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK