1st Edition

Making Livonia Actors and Networks in the Medieval and Early Modern Baltic Sea Region

Edited By Anu Mänd, Marek Tamm Copyright 2020
    364 Pages
    by Routledge

    364 Pages
    by Routledge

    The region called Livonia (corresponding to modern Estonia and Latvia) emerged out of the rapid transformation caused by the conquest, Christianisation and colonisation on the north-east shore of the Baltic Sea in the late twelfth and the early thirteenth centuries. These radical changes have received increasing scholarly notice over the last few decades. However, less attention has been devoted to the interplay between the new and the old structures and actors in a longer perspective.

    This volume aims to study these interplays and explores the history of Livonia by concentrating on various actors and networks from the late twelfth to the seventeenth century. But, on a deeper level, the goal is more ambitious: to investigate the foundation of an increasingly complex and heterogeneous society on the medieval and early modern Baltic frontier – ‘the making of Livonia’.

    Introduction: Actors and Networks in the Medieval and Early Modern Baltic Sea Region

    Marek Tamm and Anu Mänd

    Part I Early Making of Livonia (Thirteenth–Fourteenth Centuries)

    1. Mission and Mobility: The Travels and Networking of Bishop Albert of Riga (c. 1165–1229)

    Marek Tamm

    2. Political Centres or Nodal Points in Trade Networks? Estonian Hillforts Before and After the Thirteenth-century Conquest

    Marika Mägi

    3. Visual Performances of Power in the Period of Danish Crusades

    Kersti Markus

    4. Neophytes as Actors in the Livonian Crusades

    Linda Kaljundi

    5. Politics of Emotions and Empathy Walls in Thirteenth-Century Livonia

    Wojtek Jezierski

    6. Donating Land to the Church: Topos as a Legal Argument in Thirteenth-Century Livonia

    Anti Selart

    7. Mobility of the Livonian Teutonic Knights

    Juhan Kreem

    8. Manuscript Fragments as Testimonies of Intellectual Contacts between Tallinn and European Learning Centres in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries

    Tiina Kala

    Part II Late Making of Livonia (Fifteenth–Seventeenth Centuries)

    9. City Scribes and the Management of Information: The Professionalization of a Transgenerational Agency and Its Agents in Tallinn (c. 1250–1558)

    Tapio Salminen

    10. Cistercian Networks of Memory: Commemoration as a Form of Institutional Bonding in Livonia and Beyond During the Late Middle Ages

    Gustavs Strenga

    11. The ‘Hanseatic’ Trade of the Finnish Skalm Family in the Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries

    Ilkka Leskelä

    12. Merchants as Political, Social and Cultural Actors: Tallinn Burgomaster Hans Viant (d. 1524)

    Anu Mänd

    13. Mintmasters as the Nodes of the Social and Monetary Network: The Life and Career of Paul Gulden (c. 1530–93)

    Ivar Leimus

    14. Self-Representation and Social Aesthetics: Wealthy Tallinn Burgher Homes in the Early Modern Period

    Krista Kodres

    Conclusion: From Vineyard of the Lord to Outpost of Empires: Actors and Networks in the Conquest, Government and Society of Livonia (Twelfth–Sixteenth Centuries)

    Alan V. Murray


    Anu Mänd is Head of the Centre for Medieval Studies at Tallinn University.

    Marek Tamm is Professor of Cultural History at Tallinn University.

    "Making Livonia is a valuable addition to English-language scholarship on the eastern Baltic, which often places too much emphasis on the Crusades and disregards their aftermath." - Mihkel Mäesalu, Speculum