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Making and Unmaking of Puget Sound




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ISBN 9781032201184
January 28, 2022 Forthcoming by CRC Press
250 Pages 19 Color & 1 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

The Puget Sound is a complex fjord-estuary system in Washington State that is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Juan de Fuca Strait and surrounded by several large population centers. The watershed is enormous, covering nearly 43,000 square kilometers with thousands of rivers and streams. Geological forces, volcanos, Ice Ages, and changes in sea levels make the Sound a biologically dynamic and fascinating environment, as well as a productive ecosystem. Human activity has also influenced the Sound. Humans built several major cities, such as Seattle and Tacoma, have dramatically affected the Puget Sound. This book describes the natural history and evolution of Puget Sound over the last 100 million years through the present and into the future.

Key Features

  • Summarizes a complex geological, geographical, and ecological history
  • Reviews how the Puget Sound has changed and will likely change in the future
  • Examines the different roles of various drivers of the Sound’s ecosystem function
  • Includes the role of humans—both first people and modern populations.
  • Explores Puget Sound as an example of general bay ecological and environmental issues

Table of Contents

  1. Puget Sound Then and Now
  2. Physical Description

    Natural History

  3. Geological Origins of the Puget Sound
  4. Building Western Washington

    Plate movement

    Subduction

    Slab Rotation and Rollback

    Earthquakes and Major Faults

    Seattle fault

    Tacoma fault

    Southern Whidbey Island fault

    Volcanoes

    Dangers from volcanoes

    Mount Rainier

    Mount Baker

    Glacier Peak

    Visible Reminders of the Forces That Built the Puget Sound

    Mount Rainier

    Pillow basalts in the Olympic National Forest

    Erratics

    Whidbey Pleistocene stratigraphy

    Mazama ash deposit

    Serpentine outcrops

    Dungeness Spit

    Mima mounds

    Lahars

  5. Water
  6. Ocean Water

    Pacific Ocean

    Tsunamis

    Sea level rise and fall

    Glaciers

    Fresh Water

    Rain and atmospheric rivers

    Rivers

    Aquifer

    Drought

    Effects of Water on land

    Landslides

    Coastal erosion

    Conclusion

  7. Geomorphology of Puget Sound
  8. Introduction

    Aeolian

    Biological

    Fluvial

    Glacial

    Hillslope

    Igneous

    Tectonic

    Marine

    Overview

  9. Early Biology of Puget Sound
  10. Evolution of the Puget Sound Region

    Mesozoic Era

    Cenozoic Era

    Eocene

    Oligocene

    Miocene

    Pliocene

    Great American Biotic Interchange

    Pleistocene and Holocene

    The Great Megafaunal Extinction

    Flora

  11. Humans Arrive
  12. Native Americans

    Earliest humans and their lives

    Extinction of large mammals

    Early Europeans

    Building and development

    Industry

    Filling and dredging

    Sewage and solid waste disposal

    Complex systems

  13. Physical Sound Today
  14. People and More People

    Land

    Earthquakes and other movements caused by plate tectonics

    Other land movements

    Water

    Freshwater

    The Sound itself

    Pollution

    Sewage

    Chemical pollution

    Dredging and filling

    Sea level rise

    Tsunamis

    Between Land and Water

    Climate and Air Quality

    Climate

    Air quality

    Atmospheric rivers

    Wildfires

    Conclusions

  15. Biology of Puget Sound
  16. Introduction

    Animals

    Vertebrates

    Mammals

    Predators

    Prey

    Marsupials

    Reptiles and their allies

    Land Birds

    Seabirds and Shorebirds

    Snakes and Lizards

    Turtles, Terrapins, and Tortoises

    Amphibians

    Fish

    Invertebrates

    Terrestrial Invertebrates

    Insects

    Arachnids

    Isopods

    Myriapods (Millipedes and Centipedes)

    Gastropods

    Worms

    Marine Invertebrates

    Porifera

    Cnidaria

    Annelids

    Mollusks

    Crustaceans

    Echinoderms

    Plants

    Introduction

    Plants Associated with Water

    Native Land Plants

    Gymnosperms

    Angiosperms

    Shrubs

    Flowering Plants

    Meadow Plants

    Grasses and Sedges

    Ferns

    Non-vascular Plants

    Fungi

    Algae

    Invasive Species

    Climate Change

  17. Protecting and Restoring Puget Sound
  18. Restoration

    Wetlands and estuaries

    Dredging and filling

    Prairies and landfills

    Wildlife

    Specific Restoration Projects

    Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

    Salmon and Snow Creek Estuary

    Snohomish River Restoration

    Smith Island Restoration

    Qwuloolt Estuary Project

    Major Challenges

    Invasive species

    Specific challenges

    Sea level rise

    Improving the air quality

    Hopeful Signs

    Peregrine falcons

    Bald eagles

    Humpback whales

    Species diversity and stability

    Maintaining and Restoring the Sound

  19. Puget Sound in the Future

Growth and Development

More people

Fewer plants and animals

Atmospheric Rivers

Land Movements Other Than Earthquakes

Erosion

Coastal erosion

Landslides

Underwater landslides

Climate Crisis

Sea level rise

Wildfires

Winds

Volcanic Eruptions

A New Ice Age?

Tectonic Plate Movements

Conclusions

...
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Author(s)

Biography

Gary C. Howard is science editor and writer. He spent over 20 years at the Gladstone Institutes of the University of California San Francisco. He received his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University and was a postdoctoral fellow at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and at Harvard University. He has edited several books, including three books for CRC Press.

Matthew R. Kaser is a Senior Partner at Bell & Associates in San Francisco and has been a part-time lecturer in the Department of Biological Sciences at California State University East Bay. He was on the faculty of the Department of Pediatrics, UCSF, an NIH Fellow at Habor-UCLA Medical Center and held postdoctoral researcher positions at the University of California Irvine, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, and at Oxford University.