2nd Edition

Management Research Applying the Principles of Business Research Methods

    482 Pages 100 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    482 Pages 100 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Management Research: Applying the Principles of Business Research Methods supports new researchers on every step of the research journey, from defining a project to communicating its findings, as well as balancing the technical aspects of research with the management of the project itself. Structured around the key stages of a research project, the text reflects the richness and diversity of current business and management research, both in its presentation of methods as well as its choice of examples drawn from different industries and organizations.

    This book explains the design, selection, development and implementation of appropriate research strategies in different management contexts and disciplines, providing practical guidance to the new researcher in carrying out ethical and inclusive research in today’s organizational and business environments, whilst also introducing a range of research methods and techniques. Each chapter includes learning outcomes and in-chapter call out boxes with real-life research examples to illustrate concepts and provide basis for discussion, as well as ‘next steps’ activities to help readers apply the content to their own live research projects. This second edition has been updated throughout to include the following:

    •             Enhanced pedagogical features such as discussion questions and online quizzes

    •             New international examples and research-in-practice cases

    •             Greater emphasis on topics such as diversity and inclusion through the research process, data collection and privacy, digitalisation, and the process of writing up research.

    Management Research provides essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students undertaking a dissertation, thesis, or research project, as well as professionals currently practising in the field.

    Extensive instructor and student resources support the work online, including an instructor’s manual, PowerPoint lecture slides, a question bank and downloadable MS Excel and SPSS data sets.

    List of figures

    List of tables




    PART I Define

    1       Researching in business and management

    1.1        Introduction

    1.2        Defining management research

    1.3        The relationship between research and practice

    1.4        The relationship between research and theory

    1.5        Research and philosophy

    1.6        Reflexivity and the researcher

    2       Formulating your research problem

    2.1        Introduction

    2.2        A problem-solving view of research

    2.3        Choosing a research problem

    2.4        Developing your research questions

    3       Reviewing the Literature

    3.1        Introduction

    3.2        Undertaking a critical review

    3.3        Search

    3.4        Capture

    3.5        Synthesize

    3.6        Present

    PART II Design

    4       Designing your research

    4.1        Introduction

    4.2        Integrating theory into your research

    4.3        What are quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods?

    4.4        Linking research design to your research questions

    4.5        Time horizon

    4.6        Primary and secondary data

    4.7        Quality in Research

    5       Conducting research ethically and inclusively

    5.1        Introduction

    5.2        Ethics in research

    5.3        Avoidance of harm or loss of dignity

    5.4        Transparency and honesty

    5.5        Right to privacy

    5.6        Inclusivity in research

    5.7        Ethics in online research

    5.8        The role of codes of ethics and gaining ethical approval

    5.9        Researcher integrity

    5.10     Identifying the ethical dimensions of your own research project

    6       Quantitative Research Designs

    6.1        Introduction

    6.2        Experimental and quasi-experimental designs

    6.3        Natural experiments and correlational studies

    6.4        Survey studies

    6.5        Content analysis

    6.6        Data-driven quantitative research

    6.7        Choosing a quantitative research design

    7       Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research Designs

    7.1        Introduction

    7.2        Ethnography

    7.3        Grounded theory

    7.4        Case study research design

    7.5        Action research

    7.6        Interview studies

    7.7        Qualitative approaches to language analysis

    7.8        Choosing a qualitative research design

    7.9        Mixed method research designs

    8       Planning and managing your research project

    8.1        Introduction

    8.2        Selecting a research design

    8.3        Planning your research project

    8.4        Managing your research project

    8.5        Keeping a research diary

    8.6        Preparing a research proposal

    PART III Collect

    9       Sampling

    9.1        Introduction

    9.2        What is a sample?

    9.3        Sampling methods

    9.4        Sampling in quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods research

    9.5        Sample size

    9.6        Accessing and recruiting your sample

    10    Collecting data using questionnaires

    10.1     Introduction

    10.2     Why and when to use a questionnaire

    10.3     The questionnaire design process

    10.4     Identify relevant concepts/variables

    10.5     Formulate your questions and decide the level of measurement

    10.6     Structure and lay out the questionnaire

    10.7     Pre-test and pilot the questionnaire

    10.8     Administer and distribute the questionnaire

    11    Collecting data using in-depth interviews

    11.1     Introduction

    11.2     Individual interviews

    11.3     Group interviews

    11.4     Capturing and storing your interview data

    12    Collecting data using diaries and naturally occurring data

    12.1     Introduction

    12.2     Diaries and other researcher-instigated documents

    12.3     Collecting data by observation

    12.4     Collecting data through social media

    12.5     Collecting documents and other records

    12.6     Big data

    12.7     Artefacts

    PART IV Analyse

    13    Analysing quantitative data

    13.1     Introduction

    13.2     Entering your data

    13.3     Preparing your data for analysis

    13.4     Exploring and describing your data

    13.5     Answering your research questions

    13.6     Presenting your findings

    13.7     Summary of chart types used in this chapter

    13.8     Summary of statistical tests used in this chapter

    14    Analysing qualitative data

    14.1     Introduction

    14.2     Preparing and organizing your data

    14.3     Coding your data

    14.4     Using computers in qualitative data analysis

    14.5     Using visualization to make connections

    14.6     Answering your research question

    14.7     Drawing and verifying conclusions

    14.8     Reporting qualitative data analysis

    PART V Communicate

    15    Reporting your research

    15.1     Introduction

    15.2     Writing for an academic qualification

    15.3     Writing for an academic journal

    15.4     Writing for a practitioner audience

    15.5     The process of writing

    15.6     Presenting your research project

    15.7     Other ways of disseminating your research

























    Susan Rose is Professor Emerita, Henley Business School, University of Reading, UK.

    Nigel Spinks is Lecturer in Systems and Processes, Henley Business School, University of Reading, UK.

    Ana Isabel Canhoto is Professor of Digital Business, University of Sussex Business School, UK.

    “This book takes the reader through a logical and sequential process to make a success of any type of management research project, be they large or small, from defining the problem through to communicating the results. It is written in an engaging style, with lots of relevant examples to illustrate both theory and practice. It’s a ‘must-have’ for students or practitioners seeking advice on the topic.” Douglas West, Emeritus Professor, King’s Business School, King’s College London.



    "This superbly comprehensive textbook has been updated for content and practical ease of use in an online world. This book brings together essential theoretical concepts together with practical real business world examples in a way that enables students to understand and implement the key concepts. The strong evidence-based approach and support material strongly supports anyone wanting to embark on a business research project, which makes this an essential read for both students and managers." Deborah Roberts, Professor of Marketing and Innovation Management, The University of York, School for Business and Society