2nd Edition

Managing Biological and Ecological Systems

Edited By Brian D. Fath, Sven Erik Jorgensen Copyright 2021
    444 Pages 44 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    444 Pages 44 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    Bringing together a wealth of knowledge, Environmental Management Handbook, Second Edition, gives a comprehensive overview of environmental problems, their sources, their assessment, and their solutions. Through in-depth entries and a topical table of contents, readers will quickly find answers to questions about environmental problems and their corresponding management issues. This six-volume set is a reimagining of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, published in 2013, and features insights from more than 400 contributors, all experts in their field.

    The experience, evidence, methods, and models used in studying environmental management are presented here in six stand-alone volumes, arranged along the major environmental systems.


    • The first handbook that demonstrates the key processes and provisions for enhancing environmental management
    • Addresses new and cutting-edge topics on ecosystem services, resilience, sustainability, food–energy–water nexus, socio-ecological systems, and more
    • Provides an excellent basic knowledge on environmental systems, explains how these systems function, and offers strategies on how to best manage them
    • Includes the most important problems and solutions facing environmental management today

    In this second volume, Managing Biological and Ecological Systems, the reader is introduced to the general concepts and processes of the biosphere and all its systems. This volume explains how these systems function and provides strategies on how to best manage them. It serves as an excellent resource for finding basic knowledge on the biosphere and ecological systems and includes important problems and solutions that environmental managers face today. This book practically demonstrates the key processes, methods, and models used in studying environmental management.

    Section I: APC: Anthropogenic Chemicals: The Articles Cover Human-Manufactured Chemicals and Activities

    1. Animals: Sterility from Pesticides

    [William Au]

    2. Bacillus thuringiensis: Transgenic Crops

    [Julie A. Peterson, John J. Obrycki, and James D. Harwood]

    3. Biopesticides

    [G. J. Ash and A. Wang]

    4. Birds: Chemical Control

    [Eric B. Spurr]

    5. Birds: Pesticide Use Impacts

    [Pierre Mineau]

    6. Insect Growth Regulators

    [Meir Paul Pener]

    Section II: COV: Indicates That the Articles Give Comparative Overviews of Important Topics for Environmental Management

    7. Biodiversity and Sustainability

    [Odo Primavesi]

    8. Biofertilizers

    [J. R. de Freitas]

    9. Ecosystems: Large-Scale Restoration Governance

    [Shannon Estenoz, Denise Vienne, and Alka Sapat]

    10. Ecosystems: Planning and Trade-offs

    [Ioan M. Ciumasu, Keith Culver, Mihai Costica, and Jean-Paul Vanderlinden]

    11. Natural Enemies: Conservation

    [Cetin Sengonca]

    12. Pests: Landscape Patterns

    [F. Craig Stevenson]

    Section III: CSS: The Articles Gives a Case Study of a Particular Environmental Management Example

    13. Biological Control of Vertebrates: Myxoma Virus and Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus as Biological Controls for Rabbits

    [Peter Kerr and Tanja Strive]

    14. Cabbage Disease Ecology and Management

    [Anthony P. Keinath, Marc A. Cubeta, and David B. Langston, Jr.]

    15. Natural Enemies and Biocontrol: Artificial Diets

    [Simon Grenier and Patrick De Clerq]

    Section IV: DIA: Means That the Articles Are about Diagnostic Tools: Monitoring, Ecological Modeling, Ecological Indicators, and Ecological Services

    16. Animals: Toxicological Evaluation

    [Vera Lucia S.S. de Castro]

    17. Bioindicators for Sustainable Agroecosystems

    [Joji Muramoto and Stephen R. Gliessman]

    18. Ecological Indicators: Eco-Exergy to Emergy Flow

    [Simone Bastianoni, Luca Coscieme, and Federico M. Pulselli]

    19. Ecological Indicators: Ecosystem Health

    [Felix Muller, Benjamin Burkhard, Marion Kandziora, Claus Schimming, and Wilhelm Windhorst]

    20. Sustainable Fisheries: Models and Management

    [Fabian Zimmermann and Katja Enberg]

    Section V: ENT: Addresses Environmental Management Using Environmental Technologies

    21. Bioremediation: Contaminated Soil Restoration

    [Sven Erik Jorgensen]

    22. Biotechnology: Pest Management

    [Maurizio G. Paoletti]

    23. Plant Pathogens (Fungi): Biological Control

    [Timothy Paulitz]

    24. Plant Pathogens (Viruses): Biological Control

    [Hei-Ti Hsu]

    25. Stored-Product Pests: Biological Control

    [Lise Stengard Hansen]

    26. Weeds (Insects and Mites): Biological Control

    [Peter Harris]

    Section VI: NEC: Natural Elements and Chemicals: The Articles Cover Basic Elements and Chemicals Found in Nature

    27. Antagonistic Plants

    [Philip Oduor-Owino]

    28. Arthropod Host-Plant Resistant Crops

    [Gerald E. Wilde]

    29. Biomass

    [Alberto Traverso and David Tucker]

    30. Nematodes: Biological Control

    [Simon Gowen]

    Section VII: PRO: The Articles Cover Basic Environmental Processes

    31. Agroforestry: Water Use Efficiency

    [James R. Brandle, Laurie Hodges, and Xinhua Zhou]

    32. Bacterial Pest Control

    [David N. Ferro]

    33. Bioaccumulation

    [Tomaz Langenbach]

    34. Biodegradation

    [Sven Erik Jorgensen]

    35. Biological Control of Vertebrates

    [Peter Kerr and Tanja Strive]

    36. Biological Controls

    [Heikki Hokkanen]

    37. Biological Factors Impeding Recovery of Predatory Fish Populations

    [Catalina Chaparro Pedraza]

    38. Bioremediation

    [Ragini Gothalwal]

    39. Composting

    [Nidia Sa Caetano]

    40. Insects and Mites: Biological Control

    [Ann E. Hajek]

    41. Invasion Biology

    [Jennifer Ruesink]


    Brian D. Fath is a Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Towson University (Maryland, USA) and a Senior Research Scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Laxenburg, Austria). He has published over 180 research papers, reports, and book chapters on environmental systems modeling, specifically in the areas of network analysis, urban metabolism, and sustainability. He has co-authored the books A New Ecology: Systems Perspective (2020), Foundations for Sustainability: A Coherent Framework of Life–Environment Relations (2019), and Flourishing within Limits to Growth: Following Nature’s Way (2015). He is also Editor-in-Chief for the journal Ecological Modelling and Co-Editor-in-Chief for Current Research in Environmental Sustainability. Dr. Fath was the 2016 recipient of the Prigogine Medal for outstanding work in systems ecology and twice a Fulbright Distinguished Chair (Parthenope University, Naples, Italy, in 2012 and Masaryk University, Czech Republic, in 2019). In addition, he has served as Secretary General of the International Society for Ecological Modelling, Co-Chair of the Ecosystem Dynamics Focus Research Group in the Community Surface Modeling Dynamics System, and member and past Chair of the Baltimore County Commission on Environmental Quality.

    Sven E. Jørgensen (1934–2016) was a Professor of Environmental Chemistry at Copenhagen University. He earned a doctorate of engineering in environmental technology and a doctorate of science in ecological modeling. He was an honorable doctor of science at Coimbra University (Portugal) and at Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). He was Editor-in-Chief of Ecological Modelling from the journal’s inception in 1975 until 2009. He was Editor-in-Chief for the Encyclopedia of Environmental Management (2013) and Encyclopedia of Ecology (2008). In 2004, Dr. Jorgensen was awarded the Stockholm Water Prize and the Prigogine Medal. He was awarded the Einstein Professorship by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2005. In 2007, he received the Pascal Medal and was elected a member of the European Academy of Sciences. He published over 350 papers and has edited or written over 70 books. Dr. Jorgensen gave popular and well-received lectures and courses in ecological modeling, ecosystem theory, and ecological engineering worldwide.