1st Edition

Managing Disaster Risks to Cultural Heritage From Risk Preparedness to Recovery for Immovable Heritage

Edited By Bijan Rouhani, Xavier Romão Copyright 2024
    312 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    312 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Managing Disaster Risks to Cultural Heritage presents case studies from different regions in the world and establishes a framework for understanding, identifying, and analysing disaster risks to immovable cultural heritage.

    Featuring contributions from academics and practitioners from around the globe, the book presents a comprehensive view of the scholarship relating to cultural heritage, disaster risk preparedness, and post-disaster recovery. Particular attention is given to the complex and dynamic nature of disaster risks and how they evolve during different phases of a catastrophic event, especially as hazards can create secondary effects that have greater impacts on cultural heritage, infrastructure, and economy. Arguing that risk preparedness and mitigation have historically been secondary to reactive emergency and first aid response, the book demonstrates that preparedness plans based on sound risk assessments can prevent hazards from becoming disasters. Emphasising that the protection of cultural heritage through preparedness, mitigation actions, and risk adaptation measures – especially for climate change – can contribute to the resilience of societies, the book highlights the vital role of communities in such activities.

    Managing Disaster Risks to Cultural Heritage will be useful to students, professionals, and scholars studying and working with cultural heritage protection. It will be of particular interest to those working in the fields of Cultural Heritage, Archaeology, Conservation and Preservation, Sustainable Development, and Disaster Studies.

    List of figures

    List of tables

    List of contributors


    Bijan Rouhani and Xavier Romão

    1 Understanding Risks to Cultural Heritage: Are Disasters Natural?

    Francesco De Pascale

    2 Disasters and Heritage Loss

    Xavier Romão and Esmeralda Paupério

    3 Stability of Cultural Information in Unstable Environments: Data Management for Digital Preservation of Immovable Cultural Heritage against Natural Hazards

    Michael T. Fisher

    4 Disaster Risk Assessment Strategies for Cultural Heritage

    Xavier Romão and Bijan Rouhani

    5 From Risk Reduction to Risk Adaptation: Protecting the Past for the Future

    Rohit Jigyasu and Jukka Jokilehto

    6 Remote Sensing and Disaster Risk Management for Cultural Heritage

    Louise Rayne, Bijan Rouhani, and Jen Lavris Makovics

    7 Can Our Past Save Our Future? Traditional Knowledge and Disaster Risk Management for Cultural Heritage

    Rohit Jigyasu and Jukka Jokilehto

    8 Emergency Response to Cultural Heritage

    Bijan Rouhani and Xavier Romão

    9 Cultural Heritage Recovery and Reconstruction

    Jukka Jokilehto

    10 Surviving Disasters: Traditional Disaster-Resilient Designs in Japan

    Takeyuki Okubo

    11 A Case Study from the World Heritage Site of the Tabriz Historic Bazaar and Fire Management, Iran

    Farhad Nazari and Mohammad Aminian

    12 Winds, Rain, and Thunder: Hurricanes, Community Support, and Preparedness at Teyuna-Ciudad Perdida Archaeological Park, Colombia, a Case Study

    Santiago Giraldo

    13 Counting the Cost: Architectural Heritage in Post-Quake Christchurch, 2010–2020

    Ian Lochhead

    14 A Multilevel Framework for Flood Risk Assessment of Cultural Heritage: A Case Study from Portugal

    Rui Figueiredo, Xavier Romão, and Esmeralda Paupério

    15 Leveraging Digital Systems for Disaster Management at the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Bagan Archaeological Zone in Myanmar

    Tharaphy Aung and Arun Menon


    Bijan Rouhani and Xavier Romão



    Bijan Rouhani, PhD, is a senior researcher of the Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa (EAMENA) project at the School of Archaeology, University of Oxford, UK.

    Xavier Romão is an assistant professor at the Civil Engineering Department of the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto, Portugal.