2nd Edition

Managing Soils and Terrestrial Systems

Edited By Brian D. Fath, Sven Erik Jorgensen Copyright 2021
    664 Pages 182 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    664 Pages 182 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Bringing together a wealth of knowledge, Environmental Management Handbook, Second Edition, gives a comprehensive overview of environmental problems, their sources, their assessment, and their solutions. Through in-depth entries and a topical table of contents, readers will quickly find answers to questions about environmental problems and their corresponding management issues. This six-volume set is a reimagining of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, published in 2013, and features insights from more than 400 contributors, all experts in their field.

    The experience, evidence, methods, and models used in studying environmental management are presented here in six stand-alone volumes, arranged along the major environmental systems.


    • The first handbook that demonstrates the key processes and provisions for enhancing environmental management
    • Addresses new and cutting-edge topics on ecosystem services, resilience, sustainability, food–energy–water nexus, socio-ecological systems, and more
    • Provides an excellent basic knowledge on environmental systems, explains how these systems function, and offers strategies on how to best manage them
    • Includes the most important problems and solutions facing environmental management today

    In this third volume, Managing Soils and Terrestrial Systems, the general concepts and processes of the geosphere with its related soil and terrestrial systems are introduced. It explains how these systems function and provides strategies on how to best manage them. It serves as an excellent resource for finding basic knowledge on the geosphere systems and includes important problems and solutions that environmental managers face today. This book practically demonstrates the key processes, methods, and models used in studying environmental management.

    Section I: APC: Anthropogenic Chemicals and Activities

    1. Agricultural Soils: Nitrous Oxide Emissions

    [John R. Freney]

    2. Agriculture: Energy Use and Conservation

    [Guangnan Chen and Tek Narayan Maraseni]

    3. Agriculture: Organic

    [Kathleen Delate]

    4. Erosion by Water: Accelerated

    [David Favis-Mortlock]

    5. Erosion: Irrigation-Induced

    [Robert E. Sojka and David L. Bjorneberg]

    6. Pesticide Translocation Control: Soil Erosion

    [Monika Frielinghaus, Detlef Deumlich, and Roger Funk]

    7. Pesticides

    [Marek Biziuk, Jolanta Fenik, Monika Kosikowska, and Maciej Tankiewicz]

    8. Salt-Affected Soils: Sustainable Agriculture

    [Pichu Rengasamy]

    9. Sodic Soils: Irrigation Farming

    [David Burrow]

    Section II: COV: Comparative Overviews of Important Topics for Environmental Management

    10. Agricultural Soils: Carbon and Nitrogen Biological Cycling

    [Alan J. Franzluebbers]

    11. Agricultural Soils: Phosphorus

    [Anja Gassner and Ewald Schnug]

    12. Erosion and Global Change

    [Taolin Zhang and Xingxiang Wang]

    13. Erosion and Precipitation

    [Bofu Yu]

    14. Erosion: History

    [Andrew S. Goudie]

    15. Erosion by Wind: Global Hot Spots

    [Andrew Warren]

    16. Erosion by Wind: Principles

    [Larry D. Stetler]

    17. Erosion: Snowmelt

    [Donald K. McCool]

    18. Erosion: Soil Quality

    [Craig Ditzler]

    19. Farming: Organic

    [Brenda Frick]

    20. Global Climate Change: World Soils

    [Rattan Lal]

    21. Integrated Farming Systems

    [John Holland]

    22. Organic Soil Amendments

    [Philip Oduor-Owino]

    23. Pasturelands, Rangelands, and Other Grazing Social-Ecological Systems

    [Radost Stanimirova and Rachael Garrett]

    24. Salt-Affected Soils: Physical Properties and Behavior

    [Hwat Bing So]

    25. Sodic Soils: Properties

    [Pichu Rengasamy]

    26. Soil Degradation: Global Assessment

    [Ahmet Cilek, Suha Berberoğlu, Erhan Akca, Cenk Donmez, Mehmet Akif Erdoğan, Burcak Kapur, and Selim Kapur]

    27. Soil Erosion and Carbon Dioxide

    [Pierre A. Jacinthe and Rattan Lal]

    28. Soil Quality: Carbon and Nitrogen Gases

    [Philippe Rochette, Sean McGinn, and Reynald Lemke]

    29. Sustainable Agriculture: Soil Quality

    [John W. Doran and Ed G. Gregorich]

    Section III: CSS: Case Studies of Environmental Management

    30. Drought and Agricultural Production in the Central Andes

    [Claudia Canedo-Rosso, Ronny Berndtsson, and Cintia B. Uvo]

    31. Mines: Rehabilitation of Open Cut

    [Douglas J. Dollhopf]

    Section IV: DIA: Diagnostic Tools: Monitoring, Ecological Modeling, Ecological Indicators, and Ecological Services

    32. Bioenergy Crops: Carbon Balance Assessment

    [Rocky Lemus and Rattan Lal]

    33. Erosion by Water: Amendment Techniques

    [X.-C. (John) Zhang]

    34. Erosion by Water: Assessment and Control

    [Jose Miguel Reichert, Nadia Bernardi Bonuma, Gustavo Enrique Merten, and Jean Paolo Gomes Minella]

    35. Erosion by Water: Empirical Methods

    [John M. Laflen]

    36. Erosion by Water: Process-Based Modeling

    [Mark A. Nearing]

    37. Erosion by Wind: Source, Measurement, Prediction, and Control

    [Brenton S. Sharratt and R. Scott Van Pelt]

    38. Erosion Control: Tillage and Residue Methods

    [Richard Cruse, Jerry Neppel, John Kost, and Krisztina Eleki]

    39. Pest Management: Modeling

    [Andrew Paul Gutierrez]

    40. Soil Quality: Indicators

    [Graham P. Sparling]

    Section V: ELE: Focuses on the Use of Legislation or Policy to Address Environmental Problems

    41. Acid Sulfate Soils: Management

    [Michael D. Melville and Ian White]

    42. Agricultural Water Quantity Management

    [X. S. Qin and Y. Xu]

    43. Erosion by Water: Vegetative Control

    [Seth M. Dabney and Silvio J. Gumiere]

    44. Erosion Control: Soil Conservation

    [Eric T. Craswell]

    45. Farming: Organic Pest Management

    [Jan Gallo]

    46. Integrated Nutrient Management

    [Bal Ram Singh]

    47. Integrated Pest Management

    [H.F. van Emden]

    48. Integrated Weed Management

    [Heinz Muller-Scharer and Alexandra Robin Collins]

    49. Manure Management: Compost and Biosolids

    [Bahman Eghball and Kenneth A. Barbarick]

    50. Manure Management: Dairy

    [H.H. Van Horn and D.R. Bray]

    51. Manure Management: Phosphorus

    [Rory O. Maguire, John T. Brake, and Peter W. Plumstead]

    52. Manure Management: Poultry

    [Shafiqur Rahman and Thomas R. Way]

    53. Organic Matter: Management

    [R. Cesar Izaurralde and Carlos C. Cerri]

    54. Pest Management

    [E.F. Legner]

    55. Pest Management: Ecological Agriculture

    [Barbara Dinham]

    56. Pest Management: Ecological Aspects

    [David J. Horn]

    57. Pest Management: Legal Aspects

    [Michael T. Olexa and Zachary T. Broome]

    Section VI: ENT: Environmental Management Using Environmental Technologies

    58. Acid Sulfate Soils: Formation

    [Martin C. Rabenhorst, Delvin S. Fanning, and Steven N. Burch]

    59. Erosion and Sediment Control: Vegetative Techniques

    [Samson D. Angima]

    60. Precision Agriculture: Engineering Aspects

    [Joel T. Walker, Reza Ehsani, and Matthew O. Sullivan]

    61. Sodic Soils: Reclamation

    [Jock Churchman]

    62. Tillage Erosion: Terrace Formation

    [Seth M. Dabney and Dalmo A.N. Vieira]

    Section VII: NEC: Natural Elements and Chemicals Found in Nature

    63. Erosion by Wind-Driven Rain

    [Gunay Erpul, L. Darrell Norton, and Donald Gabriels]

    64. Organic Matter: Global Distribution in World Ecosystems

    [Wilfred M. Post]

    65. Permafrost

    [Douglas Kane and Julia Boike]

    66. Salt-Affected Soils: Plant Response

    [Anna Eynard, Keith D. Wiebe, and Rattan Lal]

    Section VIII: PRO: Basic Environmental Processes

    67. Agricultural Runoff

    [Matt C. Smith, David K. Gattie, and Daniel L. Thomas]

    68. Desertification

    [David Tongway and John Ludwig]

    69. Desertification: Prevention and Restoration

    [Claudio Zucca, Susana Bautista, Barron Orr, and Franco Previtali]

    70. Erosion

    [Dennis C. Flanagan]

    71. Erosion by Water: Erosivity and Erodibility

    [Peter I.A. Kinnell]


    Brian D. Fath is a Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Towson University (Maryland, USA) and a Senior Research Scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Laxenburg, Austria). He has published over 180 research papers, reports, and book chapters on environmental systems modeling, specifically in the areas of network analysis, urban metabolism, and sustainability. He has co-authored the books A New Ecology: Systems Perspective (2020), Foundations for Sustainability: A Coherent Framework of Life–Environment Relations (2019), and Flourishing within Limits to Growth: Following Nature’s Way (2015). He is also Editor-in-Chief for the journal Ecological Modelling and Co-Editor-in-Chief for Current Research in Environmental Sustainability. Dr. Fath was the 2016 recipient of the Prigogine Medal for outstanding work in systems ecology and twice a Fulbright Distinguished Chair (Parthenope University, Naples, Italy, in 2012 and Masaryk University, Czech Republic, in 2019). In addition, he has served as Secretary General of the International Society for Ecological Modelling, Co-Chair of the Ecosystem Dynamics Focus Research Group in the Community Surface Modeling Dynamics System, and member and past Chair of the Baltimore County Commission on Environmental Quality.

    Sven E. Jørgensen (1934–2016) was a Professor of Environmental Chemistry at Copenhagen University. He earned a doctorate of engineering in environmental technology and a doctorate of science in ecological modeling. He was an honorable doctor of science at Coimbra University (Portugal) and at Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). He was Editor-in-Chief of Ecological Modelling from the journal’s inception in 1975 until 2009. He was Editor-in-Chief for the Encyclopedia of Environmental Management (2013) and Encyclopedia of Ecology (2008). In 2004, Dr. Jorgensen was awarded the Stockholm Water Prize and the Prigogine Medal. He was awarded the Einstein Professorship by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2005. In 2007, he received the Pascal Medal and was elected a member of the European Academy of Sciences. He published over 350 papers and has edited or written over 70 books. Dr. Jorgensen gave popular and well-received lectures and courses in ecological modeling, ecosystem theory, and ecological engineering worldwide.